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Montone, Kathleen - - 2008
* Context.--Hurthle cells are eosinophilic, follicular-derived cells that are associated with a variety of nonneoplastic and neoplastic thyroid lesions. The differential diagnosis of Hurthle cell lesions is quite broad.
Asa, Sylvia - - 2008
Context.--The sellar region is the site of frequent pathology. The pituitary is affected by a large number of pathologic entities arising from the gland itself and from adjacent anatomical structures including brain, blood vessels, nerves, and meninges. The surgical pathology of this area requires the accurate characterization of primary adenohypophysial ...
Dickson, Brendan - - 2008
Precursor lymphoblastic lymphoma is an uncommon neoplasm. We report the case of a man who presented with precursor T lymphoblastic lymphoma and ultimately received an allogeneic bone marrow transplant from his human leukocyte antigen--identical sister. Four years later he developed recurrent disease. By means of DNA probing for the amelogenin ...
Gologan, Adrian - - 2008
Context.--Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (PIgR) expression has been found in gastric mucosa and gastric cancers, but it is not known whether PIgR expression is related to background intestinal metaplasia nor the patterns of PIgR expression in tumors arising in the distal esophagus and gastroesophageal (GE) junction.
DeLellis, Ronald - - 2008
Context.--Primary hyperparathyroidism (P-HPT) is one of the most common of all endocrine disorders. Eighty percent to 85% of cases are due to parathyroid adenomas while hyperplasia and carcinoma account for 10% to 15% and less than 1%, of cases, respectively. The past decade has witnessed remarkable advances in the understanding ...
Gu, Keni - - 2008
The t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation is the genetic hallmark of follicular lymphoma. Detection of this translocation can facilitate the diagnosis of follicular lymphoma and can be used to monitor response to therapy and level of residual disease. We herein review and compare practical techniques for detecting t(14 18)(q32 q21), including conventional cytogenetics, ...
Ang, Daphne - - 2008
Context.--Platelet transfusions are used in clinical practice as prophylaxis or to treat bleeding thrombocytopenic patients. This procedure also carries risks and costs and must be allocated appropriately.
Tischler, Arthur - - 2008
Context.--Advances in genetics and gene expression profiling have led to new ways of thinking about the pathobiology of pheochromocytoma and extra-adrenal paraganglioma. These developments are concurrent with the publication and dissemination of the 2004 World Health Organization bluebook on pathology and genetics of endocrine tumors.
Jarzembowski, Jason - - 2008
* Context.--Nontuberculous mycobacteria include numerous acid-fast bacilli species, many of which have only recently been recognized as pathogenic. The diagnosis of mycobacterial disease is based on a combination of clinical features, microbiologic data, radiographic findings, and histopathologic studies.
Wong, Anna - - 2008
* Context.--The clinical association between loss of the Y chromosome and acute myelogenous leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) has been debated because both phenomena are related to aging. A prior publication suggests that loss of the Y chromosome in more than 75% of cells may indicate a clonal phenomenon that ...
McNicol, Anne - - 2008
* Context.--In surgical pathology practice adrenal cortical tumors are rare. However, in autopsy series adrenal cortical nodules are found frequently. These are now being identified more commonly in life when the abdomen is scanned for other disease. It is important to differentiate between benign and malignant lesions as adrenal cortical ...
Perez-Mies, Belen - - 2008
Moriarty, Ann - - 2008
Context.--Oncogenic, high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing is used to evaluate women who are older than 20 years with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and in conjunction with a screening Papanicolaou test in women older than 30 years.
Trpkov, Kiril - - 2008
Context.--When minimal prostate cancer is detected in the initial transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) sample, it is uncertain how extensively the remaining tissue should be sampled for accurate grading and staging.
Cummings, Thomas - - 2008
* Context.--Hereditary benign intraepithelial dyskeratosis (HBID) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by elevated epibulbar and oral plaques and hyperemic conjunctival blood vessels. The condition is predominantly seen in Native Americans belonging to the Haliwa-Saponi tribe located in northeastern North Carolina.
Yu-Qiong, Liu - - 2008
* Context.--Phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL) 3 messenger RNA (mRNA) was reported to express in human colorectal, gastric, ovarian, breast, and hepatic cancers.
Guler, Mehmet - - 2008
Context.--Most gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) express CD117/c-kit, as do a subset of metastatic melanomas, leading to a diagnostic dilemma in some cases.
Do, Marie - - 2008
Context.--On-call responsibility is an important part of residency training in clinical pathology. This task provides important consultative services for the hospital and serves as a valuable learning experience for the resident.
Gopal, Purva - - 2008
Choroid plexus carcinoma is an uncommon neoplasm of the central nervous system most commonly found in the pediatric population. It is associated with a dismal prognosis, especially if incompletely resected. Accurate histopathologic diagnosis is imperative, and this neoplasm should always be included in the differential diagnosis of a papillary intraventricular ...
- - 2008
Sriganeshan, Vathany - - 2008
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma with a poor prognosis that may be confused with less aggressive diseases, such as small lymphocytic lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. In many cases immunophenotyping, particularly analysis of reactivity for CD5 and CD10, is an important adjunct to morphology that usually distinguishes MCL ...
Chetty, Runjan - - 2008
Context.--Although somewhat uncommon, neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas have come under scrutiny in recent times. With advances in imaging techniques, more of these tumors are being removed and sent for pathologic evaluation. It is important for the diagnostic pathologist to be aware of recent developments in this ...
- - 2008
Mirvis, Stuart - - 2008
Dallessio, Kathleen - - 2008
Sirjani, Farshad - - 2008
Perovic, O. - - 2008
Objectives. The aim of the study was to determine the clinical manifestations, outcome of and prognostic factors associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, Johannesburg, during the period 1998 1999, to describe and quantify resistance to antipseudomonal drugs, to characterise bacteraemic isolates, and to investigate the clustering ...
Lubbe, Darlene - - 2008
Endoscopic transnasal surgery is rapidly replacing more radical external
Steyn, Krisela - - 2008
Objectives. To identify health care provider-related determinants of diabetes and hypertension management in patients attending public sector community health centres (CHCs).
Bolajoko, Elizabeth - - 2008
Objective. Oxidative stress (OS) has been implicated in the aetiology and progression of diabetic complications including diabetic foot ulcer. In this study, the levels of lipid peroxides (LPO) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as well as the enzymatic antioxidant activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in type 2 diabetes ...
Patel, V.B. - - 2008
Objective. Clinicians often perform follow-up lumbar punctures (LPs) on patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) to document changes occurring in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Normalisation of the CSF then serves as indirect confirmation of the diagnosis. However, changes occurring in CSF following the initiation of anti-tuberculosis (TB) treatment are not well ...
Bateman, Chris - - 2008
Zaaijman, J. du - - 2008
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