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Klotter, Jule - - 2012
Klotter, Jule - - 2012
Klotter, Jule - - 2012
Klotter, Jule - - 2012
Collin, Jonathan - - 2012
Barsky, Etti - - 2012
There are many concerns about exercise during pregnancy, with medical advice historically dissuading women from continuing or initiating regular exercise programmes. However, research has shown that high levels of exercise are not associated with an increased incidence of negative events.
Karpul, David - - 2012
Fifteen regional rugby union teams compete for the Super Rugby title--five each from Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. In 2011, significant changes were made to the tournament format and these were continued in 2012. The new changes created an inherent bias, favouring teams that are strong relative to their ...
Oschman, Zanet - - 2012
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is an uncommon cause of exercise-induced pain in the lower extremity of young athletes. However, it might explain the symptoms of those athletes who do not respond to treatment for the more common overuse syndromes. We present a case of a young professional male athlete ...
Kholvadia, Aayesha - - 2012
Objectives. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of whole body vibration (WBV) training for promoting health-related physical fitness in sedentary adults.
Pollock, Noel - - 2012
Objective. While it is recognised that vitamin D deficiency is common in the general population, there have been no studies in elite athletes in the UK. This observational study aimed to assess the 25 hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) status of elite athletes on the Great Britain track and field team.
Brown, James - - 2012
Background. Rugby Union, compared with other popular team sports, presents an above-average risk of injury to players that may increase with age and level of play. Elite schoolboy rugby players have been competing at the South African Rugby Union (SARU) Youth tournaments at the under-13 (CW13), under-16 (GK16) and under-18 ...
McVeigh, Joanne - - 2012
Objective. We sought to determine the validity, reliability and ranking ability of an interviewer-administered physical activity questionnaire (PAQ), measuring physical activity (PA) and inactivity history over a 1-week and 1-year period in South African primary school-aged children.
Maynard, Jennifer - - 2012
Objective. Prior studies of full-marathon participants have demonstrated a higher incidence of hyponatraemia in runners with completion times of 4 hours or more. Our primary aim was to determine if slower pace is associated with increased prevalence of hyponatraemia. Secondly, we evaluated the prevalence of hyponatraemia in full-marathoners v. half-marathoners.
Bateman, Chris - - 2012
Caldwell, Robert-Ian - - 2012
- - 2012
Paruk, Fathima - - 2012
Background. The emergence of multidrug-resistant, extensively resistant and pan-resistant pathogens and the widespread inappropriate use of antibiotics is a global catastrophe receiving increasing attention by health care authorities. The antibiotic prescription practices in public and private intensive care units (ICUs) in South Africa are unknown.
Sorsdahl, Katherine - - 2012
District hospitals regularly experience a high incidence of substance-use disorders, but rarely provide interventions. We describe the effectiveness of an intervention developed and implemented by a Western Cape hospital. Patients with probable substance use were referred to an on-site social worker for an alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test ...
de Villiers, Francis - - 2012
Background. Rotavirus is the most important aetiological agent causing severe gastroenteritis in children <2 years of age in South Africa and worldwide. Most endemic neonatal nursery strains are thought to be asymptomatic. However, serious conditions have been reported to be associated with rotavirus infection, such as necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), diffuse ...
Blumenthal, Ryan - - 2012
South Africa has a rich history of lightning research; however, research on the clinical and pathological effects and features of lightning-related injury (keraunomedicine or lightning medicine) remains neglected locally. By providing an overview of keraunomedicine and focussing on South African perspectives, we hope to raise awareness and propose that a ...
Ramsoomar, Leane - - 2012
Objectives. To understand alcohol use trends and alcohol-related harm among youth in South Africa (SA) between 1998 and 2008, and discuss implications for the current alcohol policy process.
Parry, Charles - - 2012
Evidence from burden of disease and economic costing studies amply indicate that the public health burden from hazardous and harmful use of alcohol in South Africa warrants drastic action. Evidence that banning alcohol advertising is likely to be an effective intervention is reflected in WHO strategy documents on non-communicable diseases ...
Seggie, Janet - - 2012
Cheong, J.Y. - - 2012
Objectives. The incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in intensive care units in Malaysia is significant. Invasive MRSA infections are commonly treated with vancomycin. In clinical practice, the serum vancomycin trough concentration is used as a surrogate marker of vancomycin efficacy. A low concentration of vancomycin may result in ...
Brink, Adrian - - 2012
New, effective antibiotics are only likely to become available in 15-20 years. To prevent deaths from untreatable Gram-negative infections in South Africa, the rights of any doctor, whether in general or in hospital practice, to indiscriminately prescribe whatever antibiotic they wish, and in whatever fashion, must be challenged. Furthermore, although ...
Phulukdaree, Alisa - - 2012
Background. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) detoxify environmental agents which influence the onset and progression of disease. Dysfunctional detoxification enzymes are responsible for prolonged exposure to reactive molecules and can contribute to endothelial damage, an underlying factor in coronary artery disease (CAD).
Dandara, Collet - - 2012
Objective. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare genetic condition in which progressive ossification of fibrous tissue, tendons and ligaments leads to severe physical handicap. Most affected individuals who have been studied have a recurrent 617G>A mutation in the ACVR1/ALK2 gene that codes for activin A type 1 receptor/activin-like kinase ...
Stefan, Daniela - - 2012
The South African Children's Tumour Registry was established 25 years ago as it was essential to collect data on malignant disease in the paediatric population that can be used for statistical research in an efficient and sustainable way. The Registry is a useful and significant repository of specific paediatric data, ...
Schade, Jennifer - - 2012
In teleost fishes, 11-ketotestosterone (11KT) is a critical androgen regulating primary and secondary sex characteristics. In the sexually dimorphic Lythrurus fasciolaris (Cyprinidae), dominant nuptial males display heavy tuberculation on the head and nape, dark dorsolateral vertical bars, and dramatic red coloration in the fins, venter, and operculum area. This study ...
Pendleton, Richard - - 2012
Many North American minnows (Cyprinidae) exhibit nest association, a spawning mode in which one species (associate) uses nests constructed by another species (host). Although this relationship may be obligate for some species, many nest associates can use alternative reproductive modes, indicating that the strength of the relationship between associate and ...
Mundahl, Neal - - 2012
Slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus are being reintroduced into coldwater streams in southeastern Minnesota to restore native biotic diversity and provide forage for large trout, but success has been variable. We examined slimy sculpin diets and prey consumption in a series of field and laboratory experiments to assess the potential role ...
Mundahl, Neal - - 2012
Slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus are being reintroduced into coldwater streams in the upper Midwestern United States, where they were extirpated by stream degradation during the early- to mid-1900s. Habitat use and selection by slimy sculpin were examined in nine coldwater tributaries of the Upper Mississippi River in southeastern Minnesota to ...
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