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Results 201 - 250 of 784
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Loiselle, Marie-Chantal - - 2011
Predialysis nurses have an important role in supporting patients who must make decisions when renal replacement therapy is needed. However, no effective interventions have been established for nurses who provide this decision support. The Ottawa Decision Support Framework provides a structure to develop such interventions, which include a patient decision ...
Quesnelle, Rejean - - 2011
Atchan, Marjorie - - 2011
Breastfeeding is the biological feeding norm for human babies. Encouraging breastfeeding is a primary health promotion strategy, with studies demonstrating the risks of artificial baby milks. Each year approximately 10% of the women who give birth in New South Wales decide not to initiate breastfeeding, and the demographic characteristics of ...
Gribble, Karleen - - 2011
It is well known that exclusive breastfeeding provides protection against diarrhoeal infection, but the mechanisms behind this protection are poorly understood. In addition, it is well known that feeding a baby artificial baby milk dramatically increases the risk of diarrhoeal illness severe enough to require medical treatment, including hospitalisation, but ...
Rubenstein, David - - 2011
Lin, Cheng-Yung - - 2011
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of caponization on the muscle composition, ATP-related compounds, the shear values, the taste panel scores and the muscle fiber areas of Taiwan country chicken cockerels. At 10 wks of age, cockerels were divided into two groups: caponized and untreated. Birds were fed ...
Malik, Y.P.S. - - 2011
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in the recognition of invading pathogens and the modulation of innate immune responses in mammals. The TLR4 and TLR7 are well known to recognize the bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and single stranded (ssRNA) ligands, respectively and play important role in host defense against Gram-negative ...
Chand, N. - - 2011
Aflatoxin-contaminated feed cause mortality, suppression of the immune system, reduced growth rates and losses in feed efficiency. This research study was planned to investigate the immunomodulatory and growth promoting effect of milk thistle as feed additive against aflatoxin [B.sub.1] in broiler chicks at NWFP Agricultural University Peshawar, Pakistan. Two hundred ...
Cho, J.H. - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate in vitro prediction of ileal digestibility of protein and amino acids (AA) for current nursery pig diets (n = 10) by using pepsin and pancreatin incubations. To compare in vivo ileal digestibility, forty nursery pigs (4 pigs per diet) with an initial BW of 12.2 ...
Samanta, B. - - 2011
To determine the efficiency of copper (Cu) supplementation, a feeding experiment was carried out with 240 day old broiler chicks (vencobb-100). Birds were divided into four dietary treatments: i) C - no additives, ii) [T.sub.1]-75 mg inclusion of Cu/kg diet, iii) [T.sub.2]-150 mg inclusion of Cu/kg diet, iv) [T.sub.3]-250 mg ...
Ao, X. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of fermented red ginseng extract (FRGE) as feed additive in broilers and laying hens. In broilers, 480 Arbor Acre male broilers were randomly allotted to 4 treatments with 6 replications per treatment and 20 chicks per pen. The experiment lasted ...
de Oliveira, Gisele - - 2011
Three experiments were carried out to determine the nutritional value and to verify the pig performance in growing and finishing phases (30 to 90 kg) fed on diets containing common corn (CC), high-lysine corn (HLC) and high-oil corn (HOC). In the total digestibility trial (Exp. I) 12 barrows were used. ...
Bae, Jun-Young - - 2011
This study was designed to re-evaluate the dietary methionine requirement by means of the plasma methionine and ammonia concentrations in surgically modified rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. A total of 35 rainbow trout averaging 505+6.5 g (initial body weight, mean [+ or -] SD) were randomly distributed into seven groups with ...
Cleary, L.J. - - 2011
Our objective was to determine the differences in the rate and extent of dry matter digestion between barley subjected to differing agronomic variables. Two malting barley varieties, Copeland and Metcalfe were seeded at rates of 200 and 400 plants/[m.sup.2]. Each of these varieties received nitrogen fertilizer at rates of 0, ...
Kwon, In - - 2011
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of fermented soybean meal (FSBM) on the level of cortisol hormone and immune-related serum proteins in weaned calves after experimentally induced lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Holstein neonatal calves (n = 21; 8 males and 13 females, BW = 42.2 [+ or -] ...
Mastellone, V. - - 2011
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of passive transfer status, determined by measuring serum immunoglobulin (Ig) concentration 24 hours after parturition, on growth performance in buffalo calves allowed to nurse the dam during the first month of life. Serum Ig concentration 24 hours after birth ranged ...
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