Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 820
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Kurepin, Leonid - - 2010
Plants growing in canopy shade typically exhibit increased stem elongation and reduced leaf growth. This is as a result of direct interactions between plant photoreceptors sensing the change (reduction) in the ratio of red to far-red (R/ FR) light and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and plant hormones, and regulating these ...
Azinheira, Helena - - 2010
Leaf rust, caused by Hemileia vastatrix Berk & Broome, is the most destructive fungal disease of coffee. In the absence of a suitable gene validation system in coffee, the objective of this study was to investigate whether the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. may be used as a heterologous ...
Saunders, Gary - - 2010
The DNA barcode (COI-5P) was used to investigate cryptic diversity among Rhodymenia spp. in southern Australia. Whereas eight species are currently recognized, we uncovered ca. 20 genetic species groups, phylogenetically assigned to four genera in two families. Procumbent specimens with molecular and anatomical signatures of the Fryeellaceae are assigned to ...
Kharenko, Olesya - - 2010
In this study we demonstrate that the predicted Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocator 2 (ANT2) mediates ATP translocation. The demonstration that recombinantly produced ANT2 mediates ATP uptake into proteoliposomes, confirms previous sequence-based identification of the protein as a member of the adenine nucleotide translocator family. Expressed in ...
Musche, Martin - - 2010
In agricultural habitats, selection may favour plants that show a pronounced ability to tolerate stress induced by specific management methods. However, genetic erosion associated with habitat fragmentation may diminish this ability. To assess the role of mowing as a selection pressure and the impact of fragmentation processes on the ability ...
Quick, Julie - - 2010
The arrival of work-based learning awards in professional education offers an alternative route for healthcare professionals looking to undertake post-registration education. The unique way that work-based learning integrates individual learning needs with that of role requirements makes the award an ideal choice for the advanced perioperative practitioner (APP) who wishes ...
Pirie, Susan - - 2010
This article focuses on issues relating to patient positioning, by providing an overview of various patient positions, pressure area care and an awareness of some preventative measures to ensure safe patient care.
Raven-Vause, Anne - - 2010
Many operating department practitioners believe that career success depends solely on technical ability. In this article Anne Raven-Vause challenges the nature of competent performance in busy perioperative settings and explores the skill set that needs to be developed in tomorrow's leaders.
Ellis, Harold - - 2010
Aneurysms of the abdominal aorta, usually due to arteriosclerosis, have been long recognised as presenting a formidable challenge to the surgeon. At first symptomless, the aneurysm then presents as a pulsatile swelling. Once it reaches about 6cm in diameter, it is at risk of rupture, and this danger increases as ...
Khan, Wasim - - 2010
The ankle and foot are functionally important and complex joints. Bony fractures and ligamentous injuries are common. In this review paper we will discuss the functional anatomy, imaging, classification and the management of common ankle and foot injuries including ankle fractures, Achilles tendon ruptures, Lisfranc joint injuries, calcaneo fractures and ...
Scott, Bevan - - 2010
Reducing the number of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) in the National Health Service (NHS) has the potential for large cost savings. This review identifies factors which affect the incidence rate of CAUTI, as well as the need for further studies investigating cost-effectiveness, particularly in the areas of silver alloy ...
Stanbury, P. - - 2010
Open storage with simple access to collection items and books is a well-established form of museum display. It is particularly suited to collections in which many examples of slightly differing artefacts are acquired during the process of research and field work. In the long run, open storage saves curatorial time, ...
Haridas, R.P. - - 2010
The divided airway, a device to aid in blind orotracheal intubation, was patented in 1936 by John Urban Human. However, the inventor did not describe or openly promote his airway and his identity as its inventor was not known to his contemporaries. A biography of John Urban Human and a ...
Fahey, D.G. - - 2010
Based on animal experiments conducted in the sixteenth century by Vesalius, the Royal Humane Society recommended fireside bellows to resuscitate victims of drowning. In the mid-twentieth century, the bellows concept was adapted by Kreiselman and others, though none of these devices gained widespread popularity. However, in 1957 the "Ambu Bag" ...
Ball, C. - - 2010
The Industrial Revolution saw the creation of many new jobs, but probably none more curious than that of zookeeper. The London Zoological Gardens, established for members in 1828, was opened to the general public in 1847. In 1852 the "Head Keeper in the Serpent Room", Edward Horatio Girling, spent a ...
Standen, J. - - 2010
French, R. - - 2010
McHugh, G. - - 2010
Tan, C. - - 2010
- - 2010
Keating, M. - - 2010
Posterior dislocation of the clavicle in the sternoclavicular joint is rare, but can result in severe complications caused by secondary damage to the adjacent structures on relocation. We present a case of a 12-year-old boy who sustained a dislocated clavicle while playing football. Against the initial request to perform immediate ...
Kopterides, P. - - 2010
Clostridium difficile infection is an emerging and often difficult-to-treat iatrogenic complication. Recent data suggest that tigecycline, a novel antibiotic with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, can be used successfully to treat patients with severe Clostridium difficile infection. We report a 70-year-old man who developed severe Clostridium difficile infection, was admitted to the ...
Robak, O. - - 2010
We report the case of a 55-year-old male European who became septic after he returned from a four-week holiday to Uganda. Soon after, he was diagnosed with severe falciparum malaria and developed multi-organ failure. Due to the worsening condition of the patient, drotrecogin alfa (activated) was started, soon after which ...
Varvat, J. - - 2010
We report on a case of anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis, and review cases and series previously published in the literature. Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis usually occurs in young female patients with no past medical history, in whom an ovarian teratoma is often detected. They subacutely develop predominantly psychiatric symptoms, followed ...
Kim, O.M.O. - - 2010
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is a rare form of muscular dystrophy involving both cardiac and skeletal muscles. Cardiac involvement frequently leads to dilated cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias and may precipitate sudden cardiac death. Skeletal involvement is characterised by early contractures and muscle weakness in the humeroperoneal distribution. We describe the anaesthetic management of ...
Story, D. - - 2010
Some patients with high cervical spinal cord injury are largely or completely dependent on mechanical ventilator support. Diaphragmatic phrenic nerve pacing is a new technique that offers some patients greater independence from mechanical ventilation. In selected patients, electrodes are placed on the abdominal side of the diaphragm via laparoscopy. An ...
Gunusen, I. - - 2010
Preload with crystalloid or colloid solution is widely recommended for the prevention of maternal hypotension during spinal anaesthesia. A combination of simultaneous rapid crystalloid infusion with vasopressor has also been suggested. This study tested the hypothesis that ephedrine infusion with crystalloid loading at spinal anaesthesia would reduce hypotension and alter ...
Gibbs, N.M. - - 2010
Formal and informal fallacies refer to errors in reasoning or logic, which result from invalid arguments. Formal fallacies refer to arguments that have an invalid structure or 'form', while informal fallacies refer to arguments that have incorrect or irrelevant premises. There are many formal and informal fallacies that could theoretically ...
Williams, T.A. - - 2010
Surviving critical illness can be life-changing and presents new healthcare challenges for patients after hospital discharge. This feasibility study aimed to examine healthcare service utilisation for patients discharged from hospital after intensive care unit stay. Following Ethics Committee approval, patients aged 18 years and older were recruited over three months. ...
Makris, N. - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to identify patient, intensive care and ward-based risk factors for early, unplanned readmission to the intensive care unit. A five-year retrospective case-control study at a tertiary referral teaching hospital of 205 cases readmitted within 72 hours of intensive care unit discharge and 205 controls ...
Dong, Y.X. - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of remifentanil on the incidence of emergence agitation in preschool-aged children undergoing adenotonsillectomy with sevoflurane anaesthesia. Sixty children, aged three to seven years, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, were randomised into either group S (sevoflurane ...
Galvin, S.D. - - 2010
Alterations in cerebrovascular reactivity to C[O.sub.2] , an index of cerebrovascular function, have been associated with increased risk of stroke. We hypothesised that cerebrovascular reactivity is impaired with increasing age and in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular reactivity to CO2 was assessed at rest and ...
Williams, T.A. - - 2010
Critical care service is expensive and the demand for such service is increasing in many developed countries. This study aimed to assess the changes in characteristics of critically ill patients and their effect on long-term outcome. This cohort study utilised linked data between the intensive care unit database and state-wide ...
Al-Dorzi, H.M. - - 2010
Growing evidence suggests that glycaemic variability increases diabetic complications. However, the significance of glycaemic variability in critically ill patients remains unclear. We evaluated the predictors of glycaemic fluctuation and its association with critical care outcomes. This is a nested-cohort study within a clinical trial in which 523 patients at a ...
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