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John, Molly - - 2010
Cocaine, an addictive central nervous system stimulant that can be inhaled, intravenously injected or smoked, is the second most commonly abused illicit drug in the United States. Its use is associated with numerous medical problems, as well as psychiatric disorders. (1) This study 1) describes the clinical and demographic features ...
O'Neil, Michael - - 2010
Prescription drug abuse, misuse, addiction, and diversion have reached epidemic proportions in the United States. The elimination of the burden of these activities on the healthcare system, the criminal justice system and society as a whole requires a multifaceted approach. Before resolution of these issues around prescription drugs can occur, ...
Deer, Timothy - - 2010
Opioid addiction and abuse are growing problems in the United States, particularly in Appalachian areas, (13) which has led to a major social health problem costing millions of dollars in lost wages, medical care and lost productivity. In some patients with chronic moderate to severe pain, opioids are indicated and ...
Stitely, Michael - - 2010
Introduction: Substance abuse in pregnancy is of serious concern to society as well as health care providers caring for pregnant women and their infants. Various studies have suggested a prevalence of 10 -20%. This study used anonymous sampling of umbilical cord tissue to estimate the prevalence of substance abuse in ...
Zullig, Keith - - 2010
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of the West Virginia Prescription Drug Abuse Quitline (WVPDAQ). Methods: Descriptive data and inferential analyses are provided for the period of operations from 9/11/2008 to 3/1/2010. Chi-square tests for Independence compared differences between callers completing at least one follow-up survey against callers completing only the ...
Lagos, Rachel - - 2010
The nationally recognized popularity of recreational intranasal oxycodone abuse among rural Appalachians is apparent to West Virginian healthcare providers. Three recent cases of narcotic-induced injury at WVU Ruby Memorial Hospital demonstrate the facial bone necrosis associated with "hillbilly heroin" abuse as well as other imaging features of narcotic-induced intracranial ischemia. ...
Hall, P. - - 2010
Prescription drug abuse has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and West Virginia is not immune. It is estimated that in 2009, the number of adolescents and adults with a substance abuse and/or dependence problem has reached 23. (2) million in the US. There has been an alarming rate ...
Hannah, Karen - - 2010
Abuse and diversion of controlled substances are well-known problems in West Virginia and nationally. The costs to our society in both dollars and human capital are substantial. These problems touch groups as diverse as law enforcement, medical professionals, government leaders, addiction specialists, pain specialists, social workers, educators and regulatory boards, ...
Mullett, Martha - - 2010
The WV Birth Score began in 1984 and was revised in 2007. One part of the form is a score which predicts the top 18% of infants at risk for death in the first year of life. The other components collect information regarding the health of mothers and their infants. ...
Shaffer, E. - - 2010
Prescription drug abuse and diversion continue to be serious problems in West Virginia and nationwide. Doctor shopping (visiting multiple doctors in a short time frame with the intent to deceive them to obtain controlled substances) is illegal and one way that patients gain access to prescription drugs. We surveyed West ...
Biswas, Tamoghna - - 2010
Shriram, Varsha - - 2010
Background & objectives: The multiple drug resistance (MDR) is a serious health problem and major challenge to the global drug discovery programmes. Most of the genetic determinants that confer resistance to antibiotics are located on R-plasmids in bacteria. The present investigation was undertaken to investigate the ability of organic extract ...
Chhabra, S.K. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Exposure to ozone and asthma are both associated with increased oxidative stress. Exposure to ozone therefore, may potentiate the airway response to allergens. We undertook this study to investigate the effect of ozone exposure on airway response to ovalbumin in sensitized guinea pigs and its modulation by ...
Singla, Rohit - - 2010
Background & objectives: Antituberculosis (anti-TB) drug induced hepatotoxicity (DIH) is the most common side effect leading to interruption of therapy. Wide variations have been found in the reported incidence of hepatotoxicity during short-course chemotherapy. Several risk factors for hepatotoxicity have been suggested in previous studies. We undertook a prospective case-control ...
Agarwal, Dipti - - 2010
Background & objectives: There is an increasing incidence of abdominal tuberculosis with the advent of HIV infection. This study was aimed at determining the pattern of presentation of abdominal tuberculosis on ultrasonography (USG) in HIV positive patients.
Sharma, Babita - - 2010
Background & objectives: Pyrazinamide is an important front line antimycobacterial drug, which is also being used in the treatment of multi drug resistant tuberculosis along with second line drugs in DOTS plus programme. Conventional testing of pyrazinamide on solid medium is difficult as it is active at acidic pH. Therefore, ...
Gurav, Yogesh - - 2010
Background & objectives: An outbreak of influenza was investigated between June 24 and July 30, 2009 in a residential school at Panchgani, Maharashtra, India. The objectives were to determine the aetiology, study the clinical features in the affected individuals and, important epidemiological and environmental factors. The nature of public health ...
Ramu, P. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Several studies reported the polymorphisms of [[beta].sub.1]-adrenergic receptor gene in healthy volunteers and its influence on cardiovascular disorders. We investigated the genotype and allele frequencies of Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly polymorphism in healthy volunteers of South Indian Tamilian population vis-a-vis other major ethnic groups.
Kasapoglu, B. - - 2010
Background & objectives: The aim of this study is to know if the liver function tests (LFT), especially gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), have a predictive value in diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MS).
Mahdi, Bijanzadeh - - 2010
Background & objectives: Family history is an important risk factor for the development of asthma, contingent upon genetic and environment interaction. Since there is paucity of data on asthma inheritance in Indian population, the present study was undertaken to investigate the inheritance patterns of asthma and the effect of family ...
Anantharaman, R. - - 2010
Background & objective: The efficacy of the combination of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in patients of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) with nephropathy is debatable. The antialbuminuric efficacy of dual blockade in patients of type 1 DM with micro- or macroabuminuria were evaluated.
Zakeri, Sedigheh - - 2010
Background & objectives: Species identification and information on transmission pattern of malaria parasite in any malaria endemic area is key to success for a malaria control programme. In this investigation, malaria diagnosis using molecular method was used to assess the transmission pattern of malaria parasite in three malaria endemic regions: ...
Nandi, S.K. - - 2010
Treatment of delayed union, malunion, and nonunion is a challenge to the orthopaedic surgeons in veterinary and human fields. Apart from restoration of alignment and stable fixation, in many cases adjunctive measures such as bone-grafting or use of bone-graft substitutes are of paramount importance. Bone-graft materials usually have one or ...
Parija, S.C. - - 2010
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