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Results 401 - 450 of 954
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McCallin, Antoinette - - 2009
Collaborative teamwork is more and more important for effective health service delivery. Collaborative teamwork occurs when health professionals focus on patient-centred care, problem solving, coordinating care, learning together, and networking across communities, in order to optimise quality care for patients and families. Collaborative teamwork is now a World Health Organisation ...
Hallams, Sarah - - 2009
The aim of this research was to develop a questionnaire to assess motivation in stroke survivors. A literature review was conducted to determine the factors that influence motivation and self-determination; these were developed into the questionnaire items. Expert opinion regarding the relevance of these items was sought, and additional items ...
Trota, Michi - - 2009
Irish, Bryan - - 2009
Problem statement: Infection with retroviruses such as human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) have been shown to lead to neurodegenerative diseases such as HIV-associated dementia (HAD) or neuroAIDS and HTLV-1-Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis (HAM/TSP), respectively. Approach: HIV-1-induced neurologic disease is associated ...
Parekh, Bharat - - 2009
Problem statement: A large number of people in the world have been suffering from gout for centuries. Gout is the term given to a metabolic condition in which the signs and symptoms results from the deposition of crystals of Monosodium Urate Monohydrate (MSUM) in various connective tissues. Approach: It was ...
Rajagopalan, Nirmala - - 2009
Problem statement: Despite massive national efforts to scale up Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) access in India since 2004, the AIDS death rate was 17.2 per 100,000 persons during 2003-2005. In the era of HAART in resource poor settings, it is imperative to understand and address the causes of AIDS related mortality. ...
- - 2009
Kumar, S. - - 2009
Elizabeth, K.E. - - 2009
Glass, Anthony - - 2009
Nitrate is a major source of N for plant growth, particularly under aerobic agricultural conditions. This nutrient is absorbed from soil solution by both high-affinity and low-affinity transport systems that were first defined physiologically and subsequently by molecular genetic means. This minireview presents an abbreviated history of developments in plant ...
Chin, Kimberley - - 2009
Cyclic-nucleotide-gated ion channels (CNGCs) are nonselective cation channels that were first identified in vertebrate retinal photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons. The role of CNGCs in animals is well documented, and they are believed to localize to the plasma membrane as heterotetramers. So far, only six CNGC genes (CNGA1-4, CNGB1, and ...
Maughan, P.J. - - 2009
Salt tolerance is an agronomically important trait that affects plant species around the globe. The Salt Overly Sensitive 1 (SOS1) gene encodes a plasma membrane [Na.sup.+]/[H.sup.+] antiporter that plays an important role in germination and growth of plants in saline environments. Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is a halophytic, allotetraploid grain ...
Loarce, Yolanda - - 2009
Two previously isolated resistance gene analogs (RGAs) of oat have been located as RFLPs in the reference map of Avena byzantina 'Kanota' x Avena sativa 'Ogle' in regions either homologous or homoeologous to loci for resistance to Puccinia coronata, the causal agent of crown rust. In this study, the RGAs ...
Musoli, P. - - 2009
Coffea canephora Pierre ex Frohener is a perennial plant originated from Africa. Two main groups, Guinean and Congolese, have already been identified within this species. They correspond to main refugia in western and central Africa. In this paper we present the analysis of a region that has not yet been ...
Xu, Jie - - 2009
Complete genomic and cDNA sequences of the Waxy gene encoding granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI) were isolated from the rye genome and characterized. The full-length rye Waxy genomic DNA and cDNA are 2767 by and 1815 bp, respectively. The genomic sequence has 11 exons interrupted by 10 introns. The rye ...
Kaczmarek, Malgorzata - - 2009
We further investigated genome macrosynteny for Brassica species and Arabidopsis thaliana. This work aimed at comparative map construction for B. oleracea and A. thaliana chromosomes based on 160 known A. thaliana probes: 147 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and 13 full-length cDNA clones. Based on an in silico study of the ...
Gonzalez-Romero, Rodrigo - - 2009
The association of DNA with histones results in a nucleoprotein complex called chromatin that consists of repetitive nucleosomal subunits. Nucleosomes are joined together in the chromatin fiber by short stretches of linker DNA that interact with a wide diversity of linker H1 histones involved in chromatin compaction and dynamics. Although ...
Mei, L. - - 2009
Bruchids (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) can cause serious damage to mungbean and several other leguminous crops and there is a strong association between small seed size and bruchid resistance. In investigating the feasibility of breeding large-seeded cultivars with high levels of bruchid resistance, we studied the relationship between these two traits by ...
Langkilde, T. - - 2009
The introduction of non-native species is becoming increasingly common. Understanding the impact of invaders on native populations is critical for effective management. Red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta Buren, 1972) were introduced to the USA in the 1930s. They will attack, and can kill, native fence lizards (Sceloporus undulatus (Bosc ...
Giroux, Tina - - 2009
Genetic diversity of the remnant population of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum in Artedi, 1792)) in Crean Lake was compared with that for two other populations in the Prince Albert National Park (PANP) using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and DNA sequencing analyses of two mtDNA genes. Although there was no ...
Carter, G.G. - - 2009
Temporally precise vocal exchanges, termed "antiphonal calling", might allow pair or group members to maintain social contact with greater efficiency than when calling independently. The white-winged vampire bat (Diaemus youngi (Jentink, 1893)) is a group-living species that produces social calls in antiphonal exchanges. Because white-winged vampire bats can use social ...
Rittenhouse, Tracy - - 2009
Behavioral responses to ecological disturbances such as timber harvest, fire, or drought provide insight into wildlife habitat requirements. To determine the behavioral response of adult wood frogs (Lithobates sylvatica (LeConte, 1825)) to timber harvest in oak-hickory forest, we conducted experimental timber harvest surrounding replicate breeding sites, monitored freely moving frogs ...
Rossong, M.A. - - 2009
Harp seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777)) produce underwater call types during the breeding season that are thought to be important for reproductive behaviours and herd formation. Underwater calls were recorded in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada, in March 2007. A four hydrophone array system determined the locations of nearby ...
Briffa, Mark - - 2009
Animal personalities are assumed to be present when there are consistent between-individual differences in behaviour, whereas behavioural flexibility occurs when individual responses are continuously adjusted. Where both possibilities have been tested for, individuals may show both behavioural consistency and flexibility. Therefore, to gauge the importance of consistent individual differences in ...
Havard, S. - - 2009
Unable to form cellular capsules around large foreign bodies, the species Drosophila subobscura Collin in Gordon, 1936 was previously shown devoid of lamellocytes, the capsule-forming hemocytes in Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830. This unusual case of deficiency in encapsulation ability was remarkable enough to motivate further investigations in phylogenetically related species ...
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