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Jalc, D. - - 2009
The survival and effect of three new probiotic inoculants (Lactobacillus plantarum CCM 4000, L. fermentum LF2, and Enterococcus faecium CCM 4231) on the nutritive value and fermentation parameters of corn silage was studied under laboratory conditions. Whole corn plants (288.3 g/kg DM) were cut and ensiled at 21[degrees]C for 105 ...
Lv, Lihua - - 2009
Use of oocytes from prepubertal animals for in vitro embryo production holds potential application for reducing generation intervals and increasing genetic progress through embryo transfer. The objective of these studies was to compare the effect of three sperm pretreatments (prior to in vitro fertilization) and seven embryo culture protocols on ...
Zhang, Y.H. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of oviductal fluid, porcine zygote medium (PZM)-3, PZM-4 and PZM-5, and modified PZM-5 culture media, and determine the effects of zona pellucida (ZP) removal on the development of nuclear transfer (NT) embryos. There were no significant differences in the rates ...
Ozdemir, Memis - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the specific polymorphic sites in cattle breeds and inter- and interbreed genetic variation among breeds and to develop a databank of Turkish native cattle mtDNA using sequence analysis. The entire D- loop region was analyzed based on DNA sequences in Turkish Grey, ...
Li, J. - - 2009
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) is a key enzyme that catalyzes the final and rate-limiting step of triglyceride synthesis. Both DGAT1 and DGAT2 genes code proteins with DGAT activity. Studies have shown DGAT1 polymorphisms associate with intramuscular fat deposition in beef cattle, but fewer associations between DGAT2 and beef cattle economic traits ...
Chen, C.F. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects on growth and muscle development during the growing period of the sex-linked dwarf gene in the background of a Taiwan Country chicken strain, L2, selected for egg production. Eight crossbred males, heterozygous for the [DW.sup.*]DW mutation, were each backcrossed to ...
Wenzhong, Liu - - 2009
Body weights of 862 Angora goats between birth and 36 months of age, recorded on a semiyearly basis from 1988 to 2000, were used to estimate genetic, permanent environmental and phenotypic covariance functions. These functions were estimated by fitting a random regression model with 6th order polynomial for direct additive ...
Kim, Byeong-Woo - - 2009
This study was conducted to compare three models: two random regression models with and without considering heterogeneity in the residual variances and a lactation model (LM) for evaluating the genetic ability of Holstein cows in Korea. Two datasets were prepared for this study. To apply the test-day random regression model, ...
Harmon, David - - 2009
Ruminants possess the capacity to digest very large amounts of starch. However, in many cases diets approach 60% starch and even small inefficiencies present opportunities for energetic losses. Ruminal starch digestion is typically 75-80% of starch intake. On average, 35-60% of starch entering the small intestine is degraded. Of the ...
Clanet, M. - - 2009
Sixteen years ago, there were no licensed treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS). Today, there are six Food and Drug Administration-approved therapies, with more on the horizon. Over the past few years a significant number of these new therapies have failed to fulfil their promise, but unanticipated developments have come to ...
Willoughby, E. - - 2009
Multiple sclerosis (MS) and related disorders again featured prominently at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) in Seattle, Washington, USA, with over 300 posters and platform presentations and eight educational courses on all aspects of the disease. There was extensive involvement throughout the meeting by registrants ...
Barnett, M.H. - - 2009
Neuropathological studies of early multiple sclerosis (MS) tissue have shaped prevailing views of the pathogenesis of the disease. The hallmark of the acute MS lesion, inflammatory demyelination, has been largely accepted as evidence of a macrophage-mediated attack on normal myelin, driven by perivascular and parenchymal autoreactive CD4+ Th1 cells primed ...
Labauge, P. - - 2009
White matter diseases are a frequent diagnosis problem in adult patients. They are divided into leucodystrophy, defined by abnormal white matter from the beginning, and leucoencephalopathy, with an initial normal white matter. In addition, two different natures have to be considered: vascular and non-vascular. Vascular diseases are mainly acquired and ...
Sibley, W.A. - - 2009
Forty-five years ago the first large multicentre, randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial of a potential therapy for multiple sclerosis (MS) was completed--testing corticotrophin versus placebo. It demonstrated the feasibility of such a trial in an illness which is as variable, from patient to patient, as MS. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone was soon replaced ...
Esiri, M.M. - - 2009
Understanding the molecular pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is crucial to interpretation of magnetic resonance imaging appearances in the disease and to developing new therapies. The pathology of MS has always been recognized to be heterogeneous, with the basis of this heterogeneity being hitherto largely attributed to differences in the ...
Potter, Polyxeni - - 2009
Horby, Peter - - 2009
Medaglia, Maria Luiza - - 2009
Renvoise, Aurelie - - 2009
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