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Fetherstonhaugh, Deirdre - - 2009
This article will follow the rationing of dialysis in parts of the English speaking world from the 1960s, when restrictions on treatment were overt and explicit, to the present day where, while in developed countries it may be argued it is a treatment that is accessible to all who 'need' ...
Mahony, John - - 2009
Kidney transplantation remains the treatment of choice for end-stage renal failure. The Sydney Hospital and Royal Prince Alfred Hospital transplant programme were an integral part of national and international transplant developments. Improvements in immunosupression, antivirals and other drugs have dramatically improved graft survival rates so that early graft loss is ...
Campbell, Sandra - - 2009
The student nurses' role in the renal ward was often spent caring for people on cyclic peritoneal dialysis. These people, unable to receive haemodialysis treatments, were awaiting kidney transplants. Although the student nurses' role was very task oriented, they were very important in the early pioneering days of patient care ...
Douglas, Bettina - - 2009
In the late 1970s and 1980s, the introduction of continual ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in Australia gave people suffering from kidney disease another treatment option. Although techniques appeared crude, nurses responded to the clinical challenges developing models of care to meet patient needs while maintaining multidisciplinary collegiality and teamwork.
van Bakel, - - 2009
In the early 1980s peritoneal dialysis at the Austin Hospital in Melbourne was very different from the 2000s. It involved many bags, stick catheters and frequent dialysate leaks.
Kruger, Ann - - 2009
This account details early memories of dialysis in Adelaide. The role of the nurse was assisting with shunt de-clotting and individually specialling the person receiving dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis was performed using glass bottles and temporary catheters.
Richards, Lynne - - 2009
This paper is a personal, historical, reflective account describing renal nursing in the early days of dialysis. Reflection includes renal nursing in the United Kingdom and Australia.
Paton, Penny - - 2009
This paper describes renal nursing of people receiving haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in Sydney in the 1970s.
Silvester, Valerie - - 2009
Dialysis in the 1970s in Guys Hospital in London involved Dyalade B3 machines, plate dialysers, shunts and manual transmembrane pressure calculations. Patients were dialysed in beds, had haemoglobins of 70 and were very rarely over 65 years old.
Bradshaw, Wendi - - 2009
This paper summarises Sydney Hospital's history and early memories of renal nursing. Sydney hospital was originally a tent in 1788. Renal care developed through the 1960s until the devolution of renal services to other metropolitan hospitals in the 1980s. Renal nurses have played a major role throughout.
White, Yvonne - - 2009
This paper describes some challenges of haemodialysis nursing in the 1970s. The major issues were the large blood volumes in the extra-corporeal circuit, massive doses of heparin during haemodialysis, maintenance of the external shunt patency, pyrogenic reactions and many blood transfusions.
Brett, Lili - - 2009
This review describes the equipment and techniques used in the pioneering day of Australia's dialysis units. Equipment included coil dialysers, gravity controlled negative pressure, Kiil plates, dialysate tanks, shunts and glass peritoneal dialysate bottles.
Lang, Dorothy - - 2009
Large dialysate tanks, arteriovenous shunts, large Kiil plate dialysers, glass peritoneal dialysate bottles were the norm in 1970s dialysis.
Anderson, Gillian - - 2009
Pioneering renal nursing was undertaken at the Sydney Hospital in the 1960s and1970s. Renal nursing courses were developed in these early years to provide education and training for renal nurses. Early experience with arterio-venous shunts, fistulae, haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and transplantation are provided from the nurse's perspective.
Kesselhut, Joan - - 2009
In Sydney Hospital in the seventies peritoneal dialysis was undertaken in unisex Nightingale wards using both tenckhoff and hard metal stick catheters. Peritoneal dialysis was delivered in glass bottles. A cramped eight bed haemodialysis unit was situated in an enclosed balcony. External arterio-venous shunts, formaldehyde major blood spills were common. ...
Washington, Wendy - - 2009
In 1970 the first renal unit in Queensland outside the Brisbane was established in Rockhampton. The early challenging pioneering days are summarised. Technology and issues of distance were challenges in the vast regional distances of North Queensland.
Petrie, James - - 2009
The first dialysis in Australia took place at the Royal Brisbane Hospital on the 10th of February 1954 under the supervision of Dr Dique. Developments in haemodialysis, vascular access, epidemiology and transplantation from the perspective of a pioneering Queensland nephrologist are presented.
Stewart, John - - 2009
This paper describes the early years of nephrology at Sydney Hospital, from the first acute dialysis in 1958 through to home and satellite dialysis programmes in the 1970s. The commitment in these years of people with kidney disease, nephrologists and nurses, together with the support of the Sydney community, provided ...
Nicholson, Jane - - 2009
The Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPA) renal unit opened in 1965 with the first haemodialysis performed in June 1967. The first home training patient was undertaken in 1971. Peritoneal dialysis began in the 1960s for patients with acute renal failure or those patients with chronic renal failure but no access. ...
Dawborn, John - - 2009
This paper is an account of the early development of dialysis and highlights what can be achieved when people with enquiring minds and clear objectives, work together as a team and collaborate with those in other disciplines to solve problems. It has dealt with developments in dialysis in Seattle espousing ...
Fetherstonhaugh, Deirdre - - 2009
Taylor, A.J.W. - - 2009
Taxy, Jerome - - 2009
* Frozen section is a prominent point of intersection between surgeons and pathologists. It is regarded as the most definitive--but not the sole--form of intraoperative consultation. Its role in tissue triage, diagnosis, and intraoperative management should not be misconstrued as a shortcut to a definitive diagnosis. Although the pathologist remains ...
- - 2009
Gurbaxani, Sandeep - - 2009
* Context.--Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is a heterogenous group of lymphomas. In this review, we present a brief description of the large number of entities recognized in the recently published (2008) World Health Organization classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues.
Contreras, Alejandro - - 2009
* Context.--Lobular neoplasias (LNs) of the breast include atypical lobular neoplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ. Recent evidence suggests that LN is not only a risk factor for invasive lobular carcinoma, but is also a nonobligate precursor. Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) is a subtype of LN that has ...
Gordon, Ilyssa - - 2009
Context.--Lung cancer is a common disease frequently seen by the surgical pathologist. Although secondary to improvements in screening and radiologic techniques and aggressive resection of small pulmonary nodules, the diagnosis of preneoplastic lesions is increasing in frequency and importance. Consequently, a greater understanding of their role in the development of ...
Gordon, Ilyssa - - 2009
* Context.--Nonneoplastic lung diseases include a wide range of pathologic disorders from asthma to interstitial lung disease to pulmonary hypertension. Recent advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of many of these disorders may ultimately impact diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis. It is important for the practicing pathologist to be aware ...
Noffsinger, Amy - - 2009
* Context.--Esophagitis is a common cause of symptoms for which patients seek the advice of a physician. Esophagitis of differing etiologies often demonstrate overlapping histopathologic features, making their distinction difficult. This is especially true in esophageal disorders associated with increased numbers of intraepithelial eosinophils, some of which have just recently ...
Yan, Benjamin - - 2009
* Context.--Hepatocellular carcinoma is the sixth most common malignancy and the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, making pathologic identification of precursor lesions essential. Recent molecular genetic, pathologic, and clinical data have led to the stratification of hepatic adenomas into subgroups with unique molecular profiles and varying potential for ...
Pytel, Peter - - 2009
* Context.--Changes in the practice of diagnosing brain tumors are formally reflected in the evolution of the World Health Organization classification. Beyond this classification, the practice of diagnostic pathology is also changing with the availability of new tests and the introduction of new treatment options.
Wasserman, Justin - - 2009
* Context.--Dermatopathology covers a large variety of entities, some having very similar histologic appearances. Immunohistochemistry is an incredibly helpful tool that is useful in diagnosis as well as prognosis of selected skin tumors.
Gwin, Katja - - 2009
* Context.--Recent advances in the understanding of genetic conditions involving the female genital tract and mechanisms of carcinogenesis in this setting affect patient management and thus necessitate appropriate pathologic evaluation of specimens. In the past, specimens from prophylactic surgery were a rarity; however, they are now more frequently encountered and ...
Mackinnon, A. - - 2009
* Context.--Recent studies have uncovered a number of possible mechanisms by which prostate cancers can become resistant to systemic androgen deprivation, most involving androgen-independent reactivation of the androgen receptor. Genome-wide expression analysis with microarrays has identified a wide array of genes that are differentially expressed in metastatic prostate cancers compared ...
Yan, Benjamin - - 2009
Context.--Renal cell carcinoma is a heterogeneous group of tumors with distinct histopathologic features, molecular characteristics, and clinical outcome. These tumors can be sporadic as well as familial or associated with syndromes. The genetic abnormalities underlying these syndromes have been identified and were subsequently found in corresponding sporadic renal tumors.
Henriksen, Kammi - - 2009
Context.--Nonneoplastic kidney diseases, such as arterionephrosclerosis and/or diabetic nephropathy, are commonly encountered in tumor nephrectomy and nephroureterectomy specimens. Although any nonneoplastic kidney disease may be encountered in these resection specimens by chance, additional diseases that may be related to the underlying neoplasm or its treatment regimen include thrombotic microangiopathy, Amyloid ...
Husain, Aliya - - 2009
Adameova, Adriana - - 2009
Various stressful stimuli are known to activate the sympathetic nervous system to release catecholamines and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to release glucocorticoids in the circulation. Although initial actions of both catecholamines and glucocorticoids are beneficial for the function of the cardiovascular system, their delayed effects on the heart are deleterious. Glucocorticoids ...
Lazarova, Zuzana - - 2009
Obesity is associated with autonomic nervous system dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate baroreflex sensitivity, an indicator of autonomic nervous function, in 20 obese children and adolescents in comparison with 20 age- and sex-matched nonobese subjects. All subjects were examined in the supine position over a period ...
Wu, Jing - - 2009
Previous studies have shown that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/endothelial nitric oxide synthase/NO (PI3K/Akt/eNOS/NO) pathway is involved in high glucose-induced endothelial cell apoptosis and rosiglitazone has a protective effect on endothelium. In the present study, we investigated the antiapoptotic effect of rosiglitazone on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to high ...
Fang, Liping - - 2009
The present study investigated the role of the endogenous cystathionine [gamma]-lyase (CSE)/hydrogen sulfide pathway in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Rats treated with intratracheal bleomycin were exposed either to the [H.sub.2]S donor NaHS or to saline. The results on day 7 showed that plasma [H.sub.2]S concentration and pulmonary CSE activity ...
Mas, Mahmoud El- - - 2009
We previously reported that nicotine impairs [beta]-adrenoceptor-mediated renovascular control in male rats. Here, we investigated the roles of sex and estrogen in nicotine-[beta]-adrenoceptor renal interaction. The effect of nicotine on renal vasodilations caused by isoprenaline was evaluated in phenylephrine-preconstricted perfused kidneys of male and proestrus female rats in absence and ...
Zhang, Yanling - - 2009
The effects of enalapril and sodium depletion on renin synthesis and secretion were studied in mice with a left hydronephrotic kidney caused by unilateral ureteral ligation (UUL). In the control animals, there was no difference in plasma renin concentration between the right and left renal veins. In mice with left ...
Ebrahimi, Farzad - - 2009
Oxidative stress plays a dominant role in the pathogenesis of cardiac cell apoptosis in diabetic patients. Sildenafil has been demonstrated to have antioxidant effects. In this study, the effects of sildenafil on diabetes-induced cardiac cell apoptosis and the antioxidant status of diabetic mouse hearts were investigated. Diabetic mice showed lower ...
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