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Results 451 - 500 of 712
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Onmus, Ortac - - 2012
We investigated nest site selection and breeding success of White Storks (Ciconia ciconia) in relation to geographical features, weather, and land use in western Turkey. Locations of nests in relation to altitude, distance to the nearest river and stream, slope, and aspect were examined between 2008 and 2010 in Sindirgi ...
Brooks, Daniel - - 2012
Results of queries through public avian list-servers and a thorough literature search formed a data base to synthesize patterns of birds trapped in spider webs. Sixty-nine cases of birds, representing 54 species in 23 families, were reported trapped in webs. Hummingbirds were the most diverse family (9 species) and had ...
Carrion-Tacuri, Jorge - - 2012
Observations on birds feeding on fruits of the invasive shrub Lantana camara (Supirrosa) were conducted on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos (Ecuador) in the Dry Zone during the 2009 dry season. The endemic ground finches Geospiza magnirostris (Large Ground Finch) and G. fortis (Medium Ground Finch) were recorded eating Lantana seeds ...
Zhang, Zihui - - 2012
The musculature of the pelvic appendage of the Chinese Grouse (Tetrastes sewerzowi) is described in detail. T. sewerzowi exhibits the same features as other tetraonids in the absence of M. adductor digiti II, and the relatively weak development of other intrinsic toot muscles, which are thought to be an adaptation ...
Srbek-Araujo, Ana - - 2012
We studied the Red-billed Currasow (Crax blumenbachii) in Vale Natural Reserve, Linhares, Espirito Santo State, Brazil, using camera traps. We found the Red-billed Curassow present in the entire area of the reserve (~22,000 ha) during 40 months of camera trapping (2005-2008). Most records were of single individuals, especially males, but ...
Setina, Victor - - 2012
We estimated the population density of the Helmeted Curassow (Pauxi pauxi) in Tama National Park (TNP) Colombia, using visual counts between December 2006 and December 2008. We used six line transects (1 km each) equitably distributed in a natural forest between 800 and 1,200 m asl in the southern part ...
Jones, Stephanie - - 2012
We explored the relationship between Sprague's Pipit (Anthus spragueii) nest (n = 125) survival and the distance from their nests to grassland edge and other linear features on Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge in north- central Montana from 1997 to 2007. Specifically, we studied the effect of distance to roads (secondary ...
Mitchell, Kristina - - 2012
We used video cameras in 2008-2009 to record provisioning activities at Dickcissel (Spiza americana) nests in and around Conservation Reserve Program field buffers in north-central Mississippi, USA. We simultaneously observed foraging flight distances of parents. Provisioning rate (P = 0.412), biomass (P = 0.161), and foraging distance (P = 0.159) ...
Rotenberg, James - - 2012
We present the first description of a breeding record of the Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja) in Belize, and describe the subsequent fledging of the juvenile. We discovered the nest on 27 November 2010 with a single 4 5 week-old chick, and began focal observations. The juvenile spent 56.3% of 71 ...
Reinert, Bianca - - 2012
We describe the nest and eggs of the Marsh Antwren (Stymphalornis acutirostris), a recently described species which is the only member of the Thamnophilidae restricted to marsh habitats. We conducted 1,560 hrs of nest searching in tidal marshes of southern Brazil and found 178 nests. All nests were of dry ...
Smith, Kathryn - - 2012
There is little information about nesting ecology of the federally endangered Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla) in the southern and western region of its breeding range, which is characterized by xeric thornscrub and patchy low-growing vegetation. We mapped territories and monitored 119 Black-capped Vireo nests across seven study sites in 2009 ...
Ogden, Lesley J. - - 2012
We studied the population ecology of Pacific Wrens (Troglodytes pacificus) in 2003 and 2004 breeding across elevations from 100 to 1,300 m in coastal mountain forests in southwestern British Columbia, Canada to examine if this species is adapted to upper montane and subalpine habitats. We found fewer territories at high ...
Belinsky, Kara - - 2012
We compared the amount and type of acoustic competition experienced by Veeries (Catharus fuscescens) when they sang in the dawn chorus as opposed to when they sang in the dusk chorus. Veery songs tended to be masked more often at dawn than at dusk. Veery songs were masked 2.4 times ...
Greenlaw, Jon - - 2012
Saltmarsh Sparrows (Ammodramus caudacutus) are non-territorial, lack pair-bonds, and practice promiscuous mating behavior and obligate maternal care of young. Behavioral details of mating behavior and associated intermale aggressive behavior are poorly understood in the species. We report the results of an observational study of mating and agonistic behavior of individually ...
Lormee, Herve - - 2012
The St Pierre and Miquelon Archipelago hosts the only French Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) colony. We conducted a survey during the 2008 breeding season to estimate the breeding population size on Grand Colombier Island. This survey included an estimation of burrow detection probability using a double-observer approach. We estimated that ...
Rodriguez, Gustavo - - 2012
We developed a field survey protocol based on the North American Breeding Bird Survey to evaluate the efficiency and reliability of a bird monitoring scheme in the Neotropics, known as NeoMaps. A team of 21 amateur and professional ornithologists conducted bird counts at 27 locations distributed throughout Venezuela between March ...
Suomala, Rebecca - - 2012
We compared migrant bird recapture rate, stopover time, mass gain, and fat class between Star Island, New Hampshire and Appledore Island, Maine during spring and fall migration in relation to differences in relative species abundance between the islands; and examined potential movement of migrants between the islands. The average recapture ...
Baubock, Lisa - - 2012
Recent studies have suggested climate change could amplify the differences between arrival dates of male and female passerines. We investigated the generality of this finding and additional questions related to protandry by analyzing 32 years of banding data for seven species of migratory passerines. Six species exhibited significant protandry with ...
Frye, Graham - - 2012
We investigated the post-fledging ecology of the Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma) at two study areas in the Rocky Mountains of Montana and Idaho from 2002 to 2009. We observed 16 successful nesting attempts that fledged from two to seven young. Fledging dates ranged from 18 June to 5 August and ...
Randjarv, Laine - - 2012
This article analyses the correspondence (1959-1975) between two outstanding Estonian cultural figures--the conductors Roland Laasmae and Tuudur Vettik, and the correspondence (1955-1967) of Tuudur Vettik with his wife Lonni Vettik-Paigaline. For a researcher, reading private correspondence reveals a confidential world, describing times and circumstances long past. Letters that were not ...
Olaqi, Fahd Mohammed Taleb - - 2012
Marlowe's Tamburlaine (1589) is a great Elizabethan Oriental play. Marlowe's reference to the Qur'an and the Prophet Muhammad is remarkable in two parts of the play. Marlowe calls it the 'Turkish Alcoran' to attack the Turkish pride in affronting it. However, to burn the Qur'an, Marlowe denigrates it, and unfairly ...
Saar, Juri - - 2012
This article examines the international security situation by means of an integrated cultural-civilisational approach. According to this approach, crime is an inevitable part in cultural phenomena, wherefore the definitions of crimes, punishments and their execution manifest value specificities of cultures (civilisations). The links of fundamental terrorism with cultural conflict are ...
Mizera, Luule - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to compare the Estonian senior high school students' value priorities in cohorts of 2000 and 2009. A questionnaire based on five value types from the Schwartz Value Survey (Schwartz and Bilsky 1987)--Self-direction, Achievement, Conformity, Power, and Tradition--was used for data collection. The study ...
Raju, Marju - - 2012
A Test Battery created in Canada, aimed at mapping the musical development of children of different ages and in different cultures, was piloted within a group of Estonian children (N = 26, age 4 to 12 years) with varying degrees of musical training. The verbal parts of the test were ...
Berg, Astrid - - 2012
Background. Access to infant and child psychiatric care in South Africa is limited. With focus on maternal and infant mental health, early identification and management of developmental, behavioural and psychosocial parent-child problems can be initiated.
Lorenzo, Theresa - - 2012
Purpose. This study compared access to 5 livelihood assets among disabled and non-disabled youth, to inform health professionals on inequities related to disability and to monitor the transformation agenda aimed at creating an inclusive society.
Perez, A.M. - - 2012
Objective. Reflecting on its role during apartheid, the Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Cape Town (UCT) undertook a study to explore the experiences of black alumni who trained in the period 1945-1994.
Mark, Daniella - - 2012
Background. Traditional circumcision is practised among some indigenous tribes in South Africa (SA) such as the Xhosa. Recent experimental evidence has demonstrated the benefits of male circumcision for the prevention of HIV infection in heterosexual men. The acceptability of circumcision as a biomedical intervention mirroring an ingrained cultural practice, as ...
Morris, Alan - - 2012
Background. Antemortem and perimortem fractures in skeletons recovered from Later Stone Age burials in southern Africa demonstrate that people were, on occasion, the victims of severe trauma attributable to interpersonal violence.
Lamont, Kim - - 2012
Background. Many epidemiological, clinical and laboratory studies suggest that chronic and moderate consumption of red wine benefits cardiovascular health, because of the alcoholic content or the polyphenols/flavonoids.
Vaughan, Christopher - - 2012
Background. In an ancient papyrus, dating back to 2500 BC, an Egyptian named Imhotep, thought to be the first physician and engineer in history, offers a glimpse into the earliest recorded case of breast cancer. Treatment has evolved over the years, from radical mastectomy to radiation by X-rays, and from ...
Robertson, B. - - 2012
Objectives. Chemoradiation is the treatment of choice for squamous carcinoma of the anal canal, resulting in the same local control rates as surgery but with the advantage of organ function preservation. We aimed to review all cases of anal canal carcinoma treated at Groote Schuur Hospital between 2000 and 2004 ...
Krige, J.E.J. - - 2012
Background. Variceal bleeding (VB) is the leading cause of death in cirrhotic patients with oesophageal varices. We evaluated the efficacy of emergency endoscopic intervention in controlling acute variceal bleeding and preventing rebleeding and death during the index hospital admission in a large cohort of consecutively treated alcoholic cirrhotic patients after ...
Stuart-Clark, H. - - 2012
Objectives. Hospitalisation for medical illness has ongoing impact on individuals, healthcare services and society beyond discharge. This study's objective was to determine the 12-month mortality and functional outcomes of patients admitted to the acute medical service at Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH).
Rouillard, Susan - - 2012
Objectives. To determine activity limitations, participation restrictions, health-related quality of life and caregiver strain in community-dwelling stroke survivors discharged from an intensive inpatient rehabilitation programme at 6 months post stroke.
Wasserman, Sean - - 2012
Background. Stroke is an important cause of death and disability in sub-Saharan Africa. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) thrombolysis is effective in treating acute ischaemic stroke, but may not be a viable option in developing countries.
Cook, Colin - - 2012
Objectives. To compare the results of phaco-emulsification cataract surgery and manual small-incision cataract surgery.
Heckmann, J.M. - - 2012
Objectives. To report the characteristics of juvenile-onset (<20 years) myasthenia gravis (MG) in Africa.
Pandie, Mishal - - 2012
Background. The greatest burden of disease in South Africa (SA) comes from infectious diseases (ID), with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) dominating the health landscape. However, other infections including community-acquired and imported infections and the rise in hospital-acquired infections pose a considerable threat to public health.
Owen, E.P. - - 2012
Background. Invasive meningococcal disease (MD), caused by Neisseria meningitidis infection, is endemic in South Africa, with a seasonal peak in winter and spring. There were 2 432 laboratory-confirmed cases between 2006 and 2010. Human deficiency of the fifth complement component (C5D) or complete absence of the sixth component (C6Q0) leads ...
Epstein, D. - - 2012
Background. Intestinal tuberculosis occurs mainly in the terminal ileum and caecum, where the concentration of bile acids is lowest, and rarely in the upper digestive tract.
Zar, Heather - - 2012
Childhood tuberculosis (TB) is common in high TB burden countries, contributing a substantial proportion to the TB caseload. The HIV epidemic has had a large impact on the incidence, diagnosis and management of childhood TB.
Wilkinson, Katalin - - 2012
Background. Tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB-IRIS) is an early complication of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Two forms are recognised: (i) paradoxical--recurrent or new TB symptoms develop after cART initiation in patients receiving TB treatment prior to cART; and (ii) unmasking TB-IRIS--active TB presents within 3 months of cART in ...
Schutz, Charlotte - - 2012
Background. G F Jooste Hospital (GFJH) is a secondary-level referral hospital in a high HIV and tuberculosis (TB) co-infection setting.
Morrow, Carl - - 2012
Aims. We describe a monitoring system at population level of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) using centrally collected laboratory data. We demonstrate an analogous process of remote sensing using a large set of laboratory results and illustrate the tremendous density of information stored. We moved from an individual to a ...
Farrant, Lindsay - - 2012
Background. Since the advent of antiretrovirals, HIV disease has largely come to be considered a chronic disease for those able to access treatment. As such, the concept of 'living well' with HIV is important. Increasing evidence suggests a high symptom burden in HIV that persists in the presence of treatment.
Muller, Elmi - - 2012
HIV infection was previously an absolute contraindication to renal transplantation. However, with the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), renal transplantation using HIV-negative donor kidneys has successfully been employed for HIV-infected patients with end-stage renal failure. In resource-limited countries, places on dialysis programmes are severely restricted; HIV-infected patients, like ...
Sales, Kurt - - 2012
Cervical cancer is the leading gynaecological malignancy in southern Africa. The main causal factor for development of the disease is infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus. It is a multi-step disease with several contributing co-factors including multiple sexual partners, a compromised immune system and cervical inflammation caused by infections ...
Opie, Lionel - - 2012
Starting millions of years ago, the heart developed metabolic and molecular cardioprotective paths. The concept of metabolic protection includes the recent successful early provision of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) to patients with acute coronary syndromes in the ambulance to inhibit high harmful free-fatty acid levels. Molecular cardioprotective pathways also developed in primeval ...
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