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- - 2011
Wesson, Donald - - 2011
Wesson, Donald - - 2011
The 1960s were a time of social upheaval, wars, vibrant creativity and missed opportunity. Mainstream culture and a psychedelic drug-using counterculture shared a belief in "better living through chemistry," but they disagreed about the particular chemistry. The Vietnam war and the cold war with the Soviet Union, racial discrimination, and ...
Ahmed, Bilaal - - 2011
As many as 10 million people will die annually by the year 2030 due to tobacco-related causes. While much research has focused on cigarettes, the increasing popularity of smoking hookah (water pipe) has received much less attention. Epidemiological studies have been carried out in India, Pakistan, Syria, Kuwait, and Lebanon, ...
Hersh, David - - 2011
Despite well-documented efficacy, US physicians have been relatively slow to embrace the use of buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid dependence. In order to introduce and support the use of buprenorphine across the San Francisco Department of Public Health system of care, the Buprenorphine Pilot Program was initiated in 2003. ...
Reinarman, Craig - - 2011
Marijuana is a currently illegal psychoactive drug that many physicians believe has substantial therapeutic uses. The medical literature contains a growing number of studies on cannabinoids as well as case studies and anecdotal reports suggesting therapeutic potential. Fifteen states have passed medical marijuana laws, but little is known about the ...
Chen, Thomas - - 2011
This document presents evidence supporting the role of the KB220/KB220Z neuroadaptagens consisting of amino-acid neurotransmitter precursors and enkephalinase-catecholamine-methyl-transferase (COMT) inhibition therapy called Neuroadaptagen Amino Acid Therapy (NAAT) in brain reward function. It is becoming increasingly clear that this novel formulation is the first neuroadaptagen known to activate the brain reward ...
Mitchell, Shannon - - 2011
This study examines the process of discharge and treatment reentry for six participants who entered treatment voluntarily but were administratively discharged from methadone treatment programs. The participants completed semistructured interviews at treatment entry and at four, eight and 12 months post-treatment entry. Grounded theory methodology was used to examine the ...
Klein, Hugh - - 2011
This study was based on a national random sample of 332 MSM who use the Internet to seek men with whom they can engage in unprotected sex. Data collection was conducted via telephone interviews between January 2008 and May 2009. Illegal drug use was highly prevalent in this population, particularly ...
Semple, Shirley - - 2011
While many studies have examined correlates of trading sex for money, few have examined factors associated with exclusive trading of sex for drugs. We identified sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychological correlates of trading sex for methamphetamine in a sample of HIV-negative heterosexual men and women who were enrolled in a sexual ...
Gunay, Mustafa - - 2011
Lisaniler, Fatma - - 2011
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2011
Muscle soreness is a problem after exercise and controversy exists on when is the best time to apply heat. A pilot study was performed on 20 young healthy subjects to determine whether no heat (C) or the addition of therapeutic heat (8 hrs ThermaCare heat wrap) applied either immediately (I), ...
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2011
Recent evidence shows that a burst of rapid exercise with a duration of 10 minutes or less may be more effective in increasing body metabolism in the hours after exercise than is seen with low level aerobic exercise. In this experiment, we asked 10 participants with no history of cardiovascular ...
Donahoe-Fillmore, Betsy - - 2011
Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a condition affecting millions of Americans. Few studies have assessed the benefits of different exercises involved in pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT).
Trikaliotis, A. - - 2011
AIM: This was to investigate the relationship between dental caries (dmfs) and body mass index (BMI) categories in 3-5.5 year old children in Thessaloniki, Greece. METHODS: The study was conducted in 18 municipal day care centres and involved 361 children. The dmfs was determined on site by one calibrated examiner ...
Kotsanos, N. - - 2011
AIM: The successful performance of resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) as an indirect pulp therapy (IPT) dressing material and, independently, as a class II restoration material for primary molars has been adequately documented. This study investigates if an RMGIC can be successfully used in a dual capacity. METHODS: A ...
Hussey, S. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: At the time of diagnosis of Crohn's disease there may be oral manifestations. The aim of this study was to describe the outcome for children with oral Crohn's disease (OCD) at diagnosis, and to determine if there was a difference in the Paediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) scores ...
Abudiak, H. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the effect of the fluoride sustained slow-releasing device (FSSRD) on F levels in unstimulated saliva and undisturbed plaque biofilms over 7 days. The investigation also aimed at studying the effect of patient age on fluoride (F) concentrations in dental plaque biofilms and unstimulated saliva while using the ...
Dean, A.A. - - 2011
AIM: To assess the current awareness, usage and opinion of the Hall technique as a restorative option for primary molars in Scottish general dental practice; and to identify preferences for methods of further training, if desired, for those not currently using the technique. STUDY DESIGN: A postal questionnaire was sent ...
Jacobsson, B. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children with foreign backgrounds compared with children with a Swedish background, over a ten year period. DESIGN AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3, 5, 10 and 15 years ...
Papaioannou, W. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the impact of oral health status on the quality of life of a cross-section of adolescents belonging to different population groups in different regions of Greece, using the Oral Health Impact Profile-short form (OHIP-14), one of the most widely known instruments used for the measurement of disability ...
Vadiakas, G. - - 2011
AIM: To estimate the frequency in use of oral health services, oral health self-assessment, oral hygiene practices of 12- and 15-year-old Greek children and adolescents, to investigate possible influences of these factors and other socio-demographic parameters on oral health. METHODS: A stratified cluster sample of 1,224 12-year-old and 1,257 15-year-old ...
Kopycka-Kedzierawski, D.T. - - 2011
AIM: To assess dental caries prevalence and dental care utilisation in pre-school children enrolled in urban childcare centres that participated in a comparative-effectiveness study. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Caries prevalence was determined in a cohort of children 12-60 months of age. Eligible children were randomised into two groups: group ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2011
Mitchell, Lucy - - 2011
Adverse events are unintended injuries or complications that are caused by the management of a patient's care rather than by their underlying medical condition. Research into adverse events in hospitals has demonstrated that the operating theatre is one area of healthcare where there is room for improvement, with 41% of ...
White, Jonathan - - 2011
Hip fracture is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and loss of independence for the elderly. Surgical fixation of the fractured hip remains the standard of care to allow for early mobilisation and a return to independence. Operative management in this population carries its own set of problems. The altered ...
Jones, Chris - - 2011
Advances in liver resection surgery have lead to reductions in both mortality and morbidity. However morbidity remains high so effective multidisciplinary teamwork is essential to optimise the perioperative care of this patient group. In this article we review the current literature on the perioperative management of patients undergoing liver resection ...
Lindsay, William - - 2011
Infection of a prosthetic joint is a significant adverse event, affecting the patient, the surgical team, and consuming hospital resources. The patient faces multiple operations, a prolonged hospital stay and a more challenging period of rehabilitation. The surgeon must perform longer and more technically demanding revision operations in order to ...
Reed, Helen - - 2011
This article describes the development of a new service--the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU)--that provides extended care in a recovery unit for patients who would have formerly been 'fast-tracked' through a high dependency unit (HDU). Patients requiring major surgery who stay in the recovery unit overnight are invasively monitored, have tight ...
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