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Results 251 - 300 of 939
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Abudiak, H. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the effect of the fluoride sustained slow-releasing device (FSSRD) on F levels in unstimulated saliva and undisturbed plaque biofilms over 7 days. The investigation also aimed at studying the effect of patient age on fluoride (F) concentrations in dental plaque biofilms and unstimulated saliva while using the ...
Dean, A.A. - - 2011
AIM: To assess the current awareness, usage and opinion of the Hall technique as a restorative option for primary molars in Scottish general dental practice; and to identify preferences for methods of further training, if desired, for those not currently using the technique. STUDY DESIGN: A postal questionnaire was sent ...
Jacobsson, B. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children with foreign backgrounds compared with children with a Swedish background, over a ten year period. DESIGN AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3, 5, 10 and 15 years ...
Papaioannou, W. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the impact of oral health status on the quality of life of a cross-section of adolescents belonging to different population groups in different regions of Greece, using the Oral Health Impact Profile-short form (OHIP-14), one of the most widely known instruments used for the measurement of disability ...
Vadiakas, G. - - 2011
AIM: To estimate the frequency in use of oral health services, oral health self-assessment, oral hygiene practices of 12- and 15-year-old Greek children and adolescents, to investigate possible influences of these factors and other socio-demographic parameters on oral health. METHODS: A stratified cluster sample of 1,224 12-year-old and 1,257 15-year-old ...
Kopycka-Kedzierawski, D.T. - - 2011
AIM: To assess dental caries prevalence and dental care utilisation in pre-school children enrolled in urban childcare centres that participated in a comparative-effectiveness study. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Caries prevalence was determined in a cohort of children 12-60 months of age. Eligible children were randomised into two groups: group ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2011
Mitchell, Lucy - - 2011
Adverse events are unintended injuries or complications that are caused by the management of a patient's care rather than by their underlying medical condition. Research into adverse events in hospitals has demonstrated that the operating theatre is one area of healthcare where there is room for improvement, with 41% of ...
White, Jonathan - - 2011
Hip fracture is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and loss of independence for the elderly. Surgical fixation of the fractured hip remains the standard of care to allow for early mobilisation and a return to independence. Operative management in this population carries its own set of problems. The altered ...
Jones, Chris - - 2011
Advances in liver resection surgery have lead to reductions in both mortality and morbidity. However morbidity remains high so effective multidisciplinary teamwork is essential to optimise the perioperative care of this patient group. In this article we review the current literature on the perioperative management of patients undergoing liver resection ...
Lindsay, William - - 2011
Infection of a prosthetic joint is a significant adverse event, affecting the patient, the surgical team, and consuming hospital resources. The patient faces multiple operations, a prolonged hospital stay and a more challenging period of rehabilitation. The surgeon must perform longer and more technically demanding revision operations in order to ...
Reed, Helen - - 2011
This article describes the development of a new service--the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU)--that provides extended care in a recovery unit for patients who would have formerly been 'fast-tracked' through a high dependency unit (HDU). Patients requiring major surgery who stay in the recovery unit overnight are invasively monitored, have tight ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2011
Although the normal thyroid gland is invisible and impalpable, its enlargement gives such an obvious swelling in the front of the neck that this pathology has been observed from ancient times. Old names for the swollen gland included 'bronchocele', which means a cystic mass in the neck, 'struma', (Latin for ...
Wiwanitkil, Viroj - - 2011
Ipekci, Suleyman - - 2011
Silent thyroiditis constitutes approximately 1% all of thyroiditis. Rarely, silent thyroiditis can present with recurrent attacks. Here, we present the case of a patient who had four episodes of painless (silent) thyroiditis.
Ipekci, Suleyman - - 2011
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare and sometimes underdiagnosed complication of pituitary adenomas. We present here the case of a patient who was referred to our endocrinology outpatient clinic for his acromegalic appearance. Endocrinological evaluation revealed low basal growth hormone and normal insulin-like growth factor 1 levels, secondary hypothyroidism and adrenal ...
Ozturk, Mine - - 2011
Bisphosphonates are strong inhibitors of bone resorption and are used in the treatment of osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates are known to be effective in prevention of fractures, improvement of bone mineral density as well as in relieving bone pain in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) patients. Recent studies have shown that especially intravenous pamidronate ...
Tarcin, Ozlem - - 2011
Paraoxonase is an esterase bound to high-density lipoproteins which by metabolizing lipid peroxides, prevents their accumulation on low-density lipoproteins. It also hydrolyzes various organophosphorus compounds. Considering the role of PON1 in hydrolyzing phospholipid and cholesteryl-ester hydroperoxides and thus protecting lipoproteins against oxidative modification, it can be concluded that PON1 may ...
Cakir, Mehtap - - 2011
Transsphenoidal pituitary surgery is frequently complicated with mild to severe water and electrolyte disturbances in the postoperative period. These disorders are: transient diabetes insipidus, early or delayed hyponatremia, diabetes insipidus followed by hyponatremia (biphasic pattern), diabetes insipidus-hyponatremia-diabetes insipidus (triphasic pattern), permanent diabetes insipidus, and cerebral salt-wasting syndrome. Close monitoring of ...
Canan, Fatih - - 2011
Objective: Our aim was to assess the prevalence of binge eating disorder (BED) in individuals with type 2 diabetes and to investigate whether a comorbidity with BED would affect glycemic control in these patients.
Cangiano, M. - - 2011
A 60-year old Muslim man was admitted to the Dhaka Hospital of ICDDR,B with an exacerbation of his chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Incidental hyperpigmented skin lesions were noticed overlying the dorsum of his ankles, knees, and elbows. Such asymptomatic areas of thickened, lichenified and hyperpigmented skin are called 'prayer marks' ...
Alves, Joao - - 2011
High-energy diet and sedentary lifestyle fail to completely explain the epidemic of obesity in developing countries. In this cross-sectional survey, the prevalence and patterns of overweight/obesity were assessed among women in a slum in Brazil. Using anthropometric measurements, shorter form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and a 24-hour ...
Oyediran, Kolawole - - 2011
This study examined the factors that influence condom-use among young never-married males in Nigeria. Such information can help improve the design of a prevention programme for young never-married, especially, males to reduce their vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS transmission. Data were derived from the 2003 Nigeria Demographic ...
Patel, Mayur - - 2011
The aim of this observational study was to describe the profile of subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus from Gujarat, India. The study was performed with newly-diagnosed 622 type 2 diabetic subjects who attended the Department of Diabetology, All India Institute of Diabetes and Research and Yash Diabetes Specialties Centre ...
Khanal, Sudhir - - 2011
The mortality rates of infants and children aged less than five years are declining globally and in Nepal but less among neonates. Most deliveries occur at home without skilled attendants, and most neonates may not receive appropriate care through the existing medical systems. So, a community-based pilot programme--Morang Innovative Neonatal ...
Koski, Alissa - - 2011
The role of physical violence during pregnancy on receipt of prenatal care is poorly understood, particularly for South Asian countries that have high levels of both fertility and domestic violence. Data from the 1998/1999 Indian National Family Health Survey and a 2002/2003 follow-up survey that re-interviewed women in four states ...
Shaikh, Saijuddin - - 2011
Properties of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) reflect body-composition and may serve as stand-alone indicators of maternal health. Despite these potential roles, BIA properties during pregnancy and lactation in rural South Asian women have not been described previously, although pregnancy and infant health outcomes are often compromised. This paper reports the ...
Roy, S.K. - - 2011
This case-control study was conducted in the Dhaka Hospital of ICDDR,B to identify the risk factors of mortality in severely-malnourished children hospitalized with diarrhoea. One hundred and three severely-malnourished children (weight-for-age <60% of median of the National Center for Health Statistics standard) who died during hospitalization were compared with another ...
Liabsuetrakul, Tippawan - - 2011
An observational study was conducted in the four southernmost provinces of Thailand aiming at determining the effect of international or Asian criteria-based body mass index (BMI) in predicting maternal anaemia, low birthweight (LBW), and preterm births among pregnant Thai women and the change in haemoglobin (Hb) level during pregnancy. Maternal ...
Wang, Wenjuan - - 2011
The World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund recommend using a new oral rehydration solution (ORS) plus zinc supplementation for 10-14 days for the treatment of diarrhoea in children aged less than five years. The Social Marketing Plus for Diarrhoeal Disease Control: Point of Use Water Disinfection and ...
Gebresilassie, Frehywot - - 2011
Promoting self-financing healthcare helps restore efficiency and equity to national health systems. This study was conducted in malaria-endemic areas of southern Ethiopia to assess the bednet possession of the community, determine the people's willingness-to-pay for insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), and identify what factors influence it. The study provided relevant information for ...
Poudel, Krishna - - 2011
Unprotected sexual intercourse among HIV-positive people can adversely affect their own health by increasing their exposure to multiple strains of HIV-1 or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The study explored the relationship between knowledge of Nepalese HIV-positive men about the consequences of having unprotected sex with seroconcordant partners and their ...
Alam, N.H. - - 2011
Antimicrobial peptides represent an important component of the innate immune defenses of living organisms, including humans. They are broad-spectrum surface-acting agents secreted by the epithelial cells of the body in response to infection. Recently, L-isoleucine and its analogues have been found to induce antimicrobial peptides. The objectives of the study ...
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