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Jurado, Enrique - - 2011
Abundance of seedlings of functional groups (woody plants, grasses, and forbs) was measured monthly for 2 years under 10 replicates of three nurse plants (Caesalpinia mexicana, Cordia boissieri, and Ebenopsis ebano) at 90, 350, 540, and 670 m above sea level in northeastern Mexico. Across elevations, there were more forbs ...
Keeler, Kathleen - - 2011
Although most cacti that have been studied are long lived, following individually marked plants in Boulder County, Colorado, for >7 years, we determined that average life span of Opuntia macrorhiza, the western prickly pear, is 3 years. A few individuals probably live >10 years. Vegetative reproduction, produced by rooting of ...
Goodson, Jacqueline - - 2011
Abronia macrocarpa is endemic to Texas and it is listed as endangered by federal and state agencies, but it is believed to have a high potential for recovery. reintroduction is a potential option for recovery of this species and this could be accomplished using seeds planted in the field or ...
Kilincaslan, Ayse - - 2011
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric conditions estimated to affect 5-10% of the children. It is a chronic condition and frequently persists into adulthood. Approved pharmacological agents for the treatment of ADHD include psychostimulants and atomoxetine. However, non-pharmacological treatment seeking and the use of ...
Bozkurt, Hasan - - 2011
Aripiprazole is being increasingly reported to be effective in treating behavioral problems of children with autism. It has fewer side effects with respect to other atypical antipsychotics. However, to our knowledge, in the literature, there is no report on aripiprazole-induced enuresis in children and adolescents diagnosed with autism, although enuresis ...
Dumlu, Talha - - 2011
Mirtazapine is a noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant that is approved for use in the treatment of major depression. It is generally well tolerated with some mild side effects such as drowsiness, excessive sedation, increased appetite, weight gain, and dry mouth. We present a case of 23 years old female ...
Durukan, Ibrahim - - 2011
Narcolepsy is a syndrome characterized by abnormality in the regulation of the sleep-wake cycle. It is a chronic disease commonly diagnosed between the ages of 40 and 60. However, the first symptoms often appear in childhood and/or adolescence. It is accepted that pediatric cases of narcolepsy generally remain unrecognized and ...
Acar, Zeynep - - 2011
Herein, we present the case of a patient who had complaint suggestive of carpal tunnel syndrome due to fibrolipoma of the median nerve and macrodactyly. 32-year-old male patient has macrodactyly of the right index finger and coarse skin lines and hyperkeratosis on the volar aspect of the index finger. The ...
Karabekiroglu, Koray - - 2011
Objective: We aimed to investigate the association between maternal and paternal attachment style and severity of emotional and behavioral problem severity in toddlers and to explore the effect of toddlers' gender, presence of autism, and parental depression on this relation.
Kilincaslan, Ayse - - 2011
Objective: Nonverbal learning disability (NVLD) is a condition associated with prominent nonverbal deficits such as reduced perceptual and spatial abilities, while the verbal abilities remain relatively intact. Some researchers have reported that there is a considerable overlap between cognitive and behavioral features of Asperger's Disorder (AD) and NVLD. The present ...
Arabaci, Leyla - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric features of the Turkish version of The Nurses' Observation Scale for Geriatric Patients (NOSGER), to expose its factor structure and to evaluate its validity and reliability.
Selvi, Yavuz - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Core Bereavement Items (CBI) that assess the intensities of the bereavement reaction of bereaved individuals.
Karakurt, Melih - - 2011
Objective: Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been previously shown to be related with dopamine and noradrenaline dysfunction. Iron is the main cofactor of the tyrosine hydroxylase enzyme, the rate-limiting protein in dopamine synthesis. We aimed to investigate the association between iron/ferritin serum levels/subtypes and behavioral symptoms of ...
Alyanak, Filiz - - 2011
Objective: The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid psychiatric disorders in adults who presented to the psychiatric outpatient clinic, and the prevalence of ADHD-related clinical features described in the previous literature.
Hanagasi, Hasmet - - 2011
Objective: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has been reported to be effective in alleviating all parkinsonian motor symptoms and motor complications in moderate-to-advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). We have studied the effects of unilateral STN lesions on moderate-to-advanced PD.
Tuysuzoglu, Halide - - 2011
Objective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder are frequently comorbid diagnoses. Aim of this study was to compare the neurological soft signs in patients with bipolar disorder and in patients with comorbid ADHD to those in control subjects. This study helps us to understand the impact of ADHD ...
Deniz, Orhan - - 2011
Objective: Long-term treatment with carbamazepine (CBZ) and valproic acid (VPA) is associated with many metabolic changes that influence the serum levels of cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides and the body mass index (BMI). The aim is to evaluate the serum lipids and BMI in adult epileptic ...
de Zoysa, - - 2011
A 49-year-old man was diagnosed as HIV infected, with a CD4 count of 60 ceils/pi. He was started on an antiretroviral treatment regimen comprising zidovudine, lamivudine and efavirenz. Following treatment, his CD4 count improved and the viral load was undetectable. He was subsequently found to have a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma ...
Khan, Munira - - 2011
This case study highlights an unusual manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in a person living with HIV, namely mammary TB. Clinicians practising in settings where HIV and TB are endemic need to be aware of the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of mammary TB.
Bekker, L.-G. - - 2011
Ninety years ago the isolation of insulin transformed the lives of people with type 1 diabetes. Now, models based on empirical data estimate that a 25-year-old person with HIV, when appropriately treated with antiretroviral therapy, can expect to enjoy a median survival of 35 years, remarkably similar to that for ...
Cotton, Mark - - 2011
HIV-infected children have a high risk of acquiring tuberculosis. The World Health Organization (WHO) has released isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) recommendations for adults and children living with HIV, based on efficacy studies, mainly in adults. Data from children appear conflicting. IPT guidelines for children were developed in response to WHO ...
Abubakar, U. - - 2011
Rationale. Pericarditis has been reported as the most common cardiac complication of HIV disease, followed by pericardial effusion.
Kirkcaldy, Robert - - 2011
Objectives. We investigated whether abnormal vaginal flora, including bacterial vaginosis (BV), are associated with detection of cervical HIV-1 RNA among HIV-infected women in Mozambique.
Menon, Sonia - - 2011
Despite being a preventable disease, cervical cancer is still the second most common cancer in women worldwide. HIV infection is associated with a higher incidence, more rapid progression, and increased recurrence rates of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia and invasive cancer. The disease burden in developing countries is the ...
Nixon, Stephanie - - 2011
Provision of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not an end in itself but a means to achieving improved wellness for people living with HIV. Rehabilitation, broadly defined, is another key contributor to wellness within this context. Understanding the potential for rehabilitation requires that one is able to consider HIV not only ...
Makhunga-Ramfolo, Nondumiso - - 2011
South Africa has the highest number of people living with HIV in the world. Despite this, many South Africans do not know their HIV status and uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) has been suboptimal. In clinical settings there are many missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis as most patients ...
Venter, Francois - - 2011
Bekker, Linda-Gail - - 2011
Macfarlane, D.J. - - 2011
The world is facing major problems associated with the rapid increase in levels of overweight and obesity. Solving this problem via appropriate modifications to exercise habits and/or diet appears easy, but in practice it is inordinately difficult and only a small percentage manage to maintain their weight loss over the ...
George, Christopher - - 2011
Female athletic participation continues to grow throughout the world. This has many positive effects on health and well-being, but it has also led to a unique set of health problems. The female athlete triad was first described in 1992 by the American College of Sports Medicine, consisting of disordered eating, ...
Viljoen, Janet - - 2011
Objectives. The main purpose of this study was to assess the effect of progressive resistance training on the blood lipid profile in postmenopausal women.
Stretch, Richard - - 2011
Objective. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and nature of injury patterns of South African international cricket players.
Baard, Maryna - - 2011
Objectives. This study explored, described and compared the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) therapy and conventional spinal stabilisation exercises in persons with chronic low back pain (CLBP).
Tunde-Ayinmode, M.F. - - 2011
A correlation between unhealthy parenting styles and child psychopathology has been established. This case report describes how chronic harsh paternal parenting caused a young boy to deliberately poison himself with organophosphate chemicals (rat poison). This report is intended to stimulate the interest of physicians and psychiatrists in parenting style research ...
Ntsanwisi, V.T.R. - - 2011
Forced normalisation is a paradoxical relationship between seizure activity and behavioural problems. A 20-year-old man with recurrent refractory tonic-clonic epilepsy experienced forced normalisation while on medication with multiple anti-epileptic drugs (valproate sodium, carbamazepine and topiramate). A reduction in the seizure burden correlated with sudden behavioural changes manifesting with aggressive outbursts ...
van Wijk, Charles - - 2011
Objective. The Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) has proved useful to assess mood states in a range of clinical settings. Its local utility is restricted by the lack of normative data from South Africa. This paper presents preliminary normative data for use of the BRUMS in the South African health care ...
Yako, Yandiswa - - 2011
Background. Human and animal studies support the role of MC4R and MC3R in human obesity, but limited data are available on the genetic contribution to obesity in South African populations.
Kibel, Maurice - - 2011
Truong, Hong - - 2011
Objectives. To study the epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) in hospitalised children and adults in Gaborone, Botswana, and to describe the changes in antimicrobial susceptibilities of S. aureus isolates over time.
Kibel, Maurice - - 2011
Kets, V. - - 2011
Background. Worldwide, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis is on the increase. Younger people may be especially vulnerable owing to their exposure to risk factors such as drug abuse and HIV.
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