Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1228
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Gorar, Suheyla - - 2010
Objective: Visfatin is a adipocytokine suggested to play a role in glucose homeostasis. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship of simple anthropometric measures of obesity and metabolic syndrome with visfatin.
Kanat, Mustafa - - 2010
Objective: Statin therapy is well known to reduce inflammatory markers such as tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] (TNF-[alpha]), interleukin 6 (IL-6), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). However, whether this relationship is maintained in the setting of targeting very low levels of LDL (<70 mg dl) in patients with type 2 diabetes has not ...
Uboh, Friday - - 2010
Objective: Effect of vitamin C (VC) on gasoline vapor (GV)-induced reproductive toxicity was assessed in female rats using the serum levels of estradiol, progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) as well as the histopathology of the ovarian tissues.
Roy, Ken - - 2010
Parity, the idea that insurance coverage for the treatment of addiction should be on a par with insurance coverage for the treatment of other medical illnesses, is not a new idea, but the path to achieving "real parity" has been a long, hard and complex journey. Action by Congress to ...
Wesson, Donald - - 2010
Compelling clinical evidence establishes that buprenorphine is similar to methadone in efficacy for opiate detoxification and maintenance but safer than methadone in an overdose situation. The Drug Abuse Treatment Act of 2000 (DATA 2000) enabled US physicians with additional training to prescribe buprenorphine to a limited number of opiate-dependent patients. ...
Smith, David - - 2010
Substance abuse represents a significant underlying cause of the health issues faced in the United States, which severely impacts the nation's health care system and economy. Recently enacted parity legislation mandates that benefits for addiction and mental health treatment be provided on an equal footing with those for treatment for ...
Markowitz, Joseph - - 2010
Patients early in recovery from addictive disorders are in a tenuous position and when these individuals are stressed from acute or chronic pain they face even more challenges. Physicians are often conflicted by the desire to help the patient achieve pain control and maintain sobriety. While there have been a ...
Liu, Yijun - - 2010
Obesity has become a major health problem and epidemic. However, much of the current debate has been fractious and etiologies of obesity have been attributed to eating behavior or fast food, personality issues, depression, addiction, or genetics. One of the interesting new hypotheses for epidemic obesity is food addiction, which ...
Lee, Philip - - 2010
Since the early twentieth century, both moral perspectives and changing perceptions of the disease model of alcoholism and addiction have significantly influenced the formulation of U.S. domestic policy on drugs and alcohol. Some fluctuations have occurred in federal drug policy but overall a prohibitive, punitive approach has been emphasised. Racial ...
Smith, David - - 2010
Garland, Eric - - 2010
Mindfulness training may disrupt the risk chain of stress-precipitated alcohol relapse. In 2008, 53 alcohol-dependent adults (mean age = 40.3) recruited from a therapeutic community located in the urban southeastern U.S. were randomized to mindfulness training or a support group. Most participants were male (79.2%), African American (60.4%), and earned ...
Fortuna, Jeffrey - - 2010
Contemporary research has shown that a high number of alcohol-dependent and other drug-dependent individuals have a sweet preference, specifically for foods with a high sucrose concentration. Moreover, both human and animal studies have demonstrated that in some brains the consumption of sugar-rich foods or drinks primes the release of euphoric ...
DuPont, Robert - - 2010
The nonmedical use of prescribed controlled substances has become a major public health problem. This article reviews the extent of prescription drug abuse reflected in drug overdose deaths, youth drug use and drug-impaired driving. Efforts to reduce illegal, nonmedical use of prescribed controlled drugs must be balanced so as not ...
Amen, Daniel - - 2010
Brain SPECT imaging is a nuclear medicine study that uses isotopes bound to neurospecific pharmaceuticals to evaluate regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and indirectly metabolic activity. With current available technology and knowledge SPECT has the potential to add important clinical information to benefit patient care in many different areas of ...
Radhakrishna, S. - - 2010
Deo, A.A. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Cetrimide is a monocationic surfactant, commonly used for disinfection of hospital floors, equipments, for cleansing of burns and wounds, hand wash, etc. We evaluated whether antibiotic resistant (AR) Escherichia coli isolates from hospital settings (nosocomial pathogens) show any evidence of significant reduction in their susceptibility to cetrimide. ...
Rai, Prashant - - 2010
Background & objective: The study evaluated the hypolipidaemic and hepatoprotective effects of unripe Psidium guajava fruit peel aqueous extract in streptozotocin (STZ) induced severely diabetic rats by assaying their triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, alkaline phosphatase (ALKP), asperate amino transeferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT) ...
Sreeja, S. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Trigonella foenum graecum commonly known as fenugreek, has been widely cultivated in Asia, Africa and Mediterranean countries for the edible and medicinal values of its seeds. Earlier reports show that fenugreek seeds provide a mastogenic effect resulting in enhanced breast size. However, very little is known about ...
Gupta, Renu - - 2010
Background & objectives: Emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) and extensively-drug resistant (XDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has further complicated the problem of tuberculosis (TB) control. Medicinal plants offer a hope for developing alternate medicines for the treatment of TB. The present study was done to evaluate in vitro anti-tubercular activity ...
Sharma, Surendra - - 2010
Background & objectives: A considerable proportion of patients with HIV associated tuberculosis (TB) started on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) develop immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), which is difficult to diagnose in a resource-limited setting. In view of the recently proposed consensus case-definitions for TB-IRIS for use in resource-limited settings ...
Anand, P.K. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Outbreaks of typhoid have been reported from Maharashtra, Bangalore, West Bengal and Pondicherry in India but rarely from Rajasthan. We investigated an outbreak of typhoid in a village of Thar Desert of Rajasthan.
Mishra, Jyotsna - - 2010
Background & objectives: India carries approximately 50 per cent of the global burden of visceral leishmaniasis and majority of patients from the poor, rural communities of Bihar State. Zinc is an essential trace element and its relevance for proper functioning of the entire immune system is already well documented. Though ...
Salman, I.M. - - 2010
Background & objectives: A wealth of information concerning the essential role of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in the regulation of renal function and mean arterial blood pressure homeostasis has been established. However, many important parameters with which RSNA interacts are yet to be explicitly characterized. Therefore, the present study ...
Ragbetli, Murat - - 2010
Background & objectives: Early reports addressed morphological asymmetry in the cross-sectional width of the rat hippocampus. The present study was aimed at counting total number of neurons in CA1-4 sectors and the subiculum of the dog hippocampus as well as investigating possible left /right and male/female asymmetry.
Agarwal, Shilpi - - 2010
Background & objective: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is characterized by chronic synovitis, cartilage damage and bone erosion. Both genetic and environmental factors and microbes probably play a role in pathogenesis. Microbes are recognized by Toll like receptors (TLRs) and activate innate immune response. We studied the ability of bacterial and ...
Chander, J. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Zygomycosis is highly invasive fungal infection, with high mortality rate. In most of patients, diabetes mellitus is an underlying factor but in primary cutaneous zygomycosis, presentation may be different. Here we present the description of clinical presentation, fungi isolated and management of cases with cutaneous zygomycosis seen ...
Anbumani, S. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Legionella pneumophila and other members of this genus are important respiratory pathogens but legionellosis often remains a neglected and under reported condition. Hence, this study was done to find out the presence of this organism in patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
Mukherjee, Srabani - - 2010
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder of unknown etiology. Insulin resistance is very common and plays a central pathogenic role in PCOS. During last decade several studies have been conducted to understand the mechanisms contributing to the state of insulin resistance and insulin-induced hyperandrogenemia in PCOS. ...
Chakrabarti, Arunaloke - - 2010
Luck, Christian - - 2010
Minchin, Nick - - 2010
Wu, Xiangming - - 2010
One billion human adults worldwide are overweight and, thus, more prone to develop cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and a variety of other chronic contidions. . Dietary supplements that inhibit gastrointestinal amylase are referred to as "starch blockers," and have been associated with weight loss. Starch blockers may promote weight loss by ...
Waugh, William - - 2010
Objective: Data is to be reported briefly that appear to indicate that if specific neuro-protective means are applied clinically, the incidence of progressive amnestic cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease with severe dementia will be reduced as major health problems for the elderly population in the developed world.
Raish, Mohammad - - 2010
A constituent of green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), or polyphenol (GTP) has been known to possess anti-cancer properties. Our goal was to investigate the enhanced anti-tumor effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) plus green tea extract in TC-1 tumor cells implanted into mice. The MTT assay, Western blot analysis and tumor growth ...
Benyahya, F. - - 2010
Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) and Familial Defective ApoB100 (FDB) are two clinically indistinguishable diseases with increased levels of LDL-cholesterol. Mutations in two different genes are responsible: LDLR for FH and APOB for FDB. We have a group of 46 individuals diagnosed clinically as ADH from the North-west Morocco, where genetic causes ...
Shivolo, Justina - - 2010
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