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Schlinger, Henry D., - - 2009
Theory of mind (ToM) refers to the ability of an individual to make inferences about what others may be thinking or feeling and to predict what they may do in a given situation based on those inferences. Discussions of ToM focus almost exclusively on inferred cognitive structures and processes and ...
Delgado, Jo Ann - - 2009
We tested the effects of teaching peer monitoring on the emergence of an observational learning (OL) capability in 2 experiments using delayed multiple probe designs with children diagnosed with developmental disabilities. In probes for the OL capability before and after each stage of the peer monitoring intervention, participants received unconsequated ...
Barnes-Holmes, Dermot - - 2009
The current study aimed to test the validity of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP), as compared to the Implicit Association Test (IAT), by assessing the attitudes of Dublin dwellers and rural dwellers toward Dublin and country life. Discrimination between the two groups for the IAT was marginally significant. The ...
Vahey, Nigel - - 2009
The study examined the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure's (IRAP) validity as a computerized response-latency-based measure of implicit selfesteem. University undergraduates and 2 sets of convicted prisoners participated. One set of prisoners resided in the main block, and the other in a privileged lower security "open area" of a medium-security Irish ...
Kinloch, Jennifer - - 2009
Participants earned points by pressing a computer space bar (Experiment 1) or forming rectangles on the screen with the mouse (Experiment 2) under differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate schedules, followed by extinction. Variability in interresponse time (the contingent dimension) increased during extinction, as for Morgan and Lee (1996); variability in diagonal length (the noncontingent ...
Roll, John - - 2009
Drugs, including alcohol, that are abused function as powerful reinforcers. Effective drug and alcohol addiction treatments decrease the reinforcing efficacy of the abused substance. Reinforcing efficacy arises from a variety of sources, documentation of which may aid in designing treatment and prevention interventions. Understanding the origin of the reinforcing efficacy ...
Hantula, Donald - - 2009
The question of whether an artist's use of technology to create art results in a detectable aesthetic difference was investigated in the case of Dutch realist painter Johannes Vermeer and his use of the camera obscura. In Experiment 1, participants evaluated 20 Vermeer paintings on 6 aesthetic dimensions and preferred ...
Ridge, Damien - - 2009
Hatzimouratidis, Konstantinos - - 2009
Burdge, Rabel - - 2009
Kelly, John - - 2009
Definitions of leisure have been both exclusive and inclusive. Although different definitions have been used by various students of leisure, the nature of the differences has not always been clear. Dualistic and monistic approaches to understanding life account for exclusive-inclusive differences. However, the two dimensions that appear most important to ...
Sofranko, Andrew - - 2009
This paper examines the influence of some childhood background factors on adult levels of participation in hunting and fishing activities. The study, based on data collected from hunters and fishermen in Pennsylvania, offers some insights into the effect early experiences with two types of outdoor recreational activities have on participation ...
Noe, Francis - - 2009
The theory of structural autonomy was investigated from the standpoint of leisure. It was argued that leisure is a subset of autonomy which allows a certain amount of flexibility to occur within the work role. The status-roles of worker and executive were analyzed on the basis of their differential participation ...
Clark, Roger - - 2009
Research findings suggest that campers and managers subscribe to similar goals associated with camping, but they disagree about the types of activities appropriate to attaining those goals. In addition, there seem to be important differences in the way bath groups perceive behavioral problems in campgrounds. Campers express less concern than ...
Neulinger, John - - 2009
A previous paper reported the construction of an instrument for the measurement of leisure attitudes and the resulting identification of five relatively independent dimensions in the leisure domain (Neulinger and Breit 1969). In line with "an elemental principle of competent research" (Kessen 1960) and the fact that these findings were ...
West, Patrick - - 2009
Outdoor recreation produces many kinds of highly valued social effects. One o[ these effects appears to be stronger family cohesiveness. Previous research supports the hypothesis that leisure activity and group cohesiveness are related. This study of family campers at St. Croix State Park, Pine County, Minnesota, was designed to test ...
Witt, Peter - - 2009
Five "need" theories of leisure behavior (surplus energy, relaxation, catharsis, compensation and task generalization) are outlined and their implications for a situation-response model of leisure behavior discussed. A Leisure Behavior Inventory (LBI) is described. It was constructed to ascertain whether the activities a person would like to participate in during ...
Burch, William R., - - 2009
This paper illustrates some theoretical possibilities for research on leisure behavior. There is an attempt to make explicit two hypotheses which often axe implicit in out explanations of variation in leisure behavior. The origins, utility and limitations of these two hypotheses--"compensatory" and "familiarity"--axe examined by using data on three styles ...
Shinew, Kimberly - - 2009
Finney-Brown, Tessa - - 2009
Finney-Brown, Tessa - - 2009
Finney-Brown, Tessa - - 2009
Finney-Brown, Tessa - - 2009
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