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Results 401 - 450 of 1173
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Prasutr, T. - - 2008
Wood, E.J. - - 2008
Woodhead, Kate - - 2008
The theme of last year's Congress was Realising Potential. The road to success is always under construction, and there are many choices that we make along the way, such as our partner in life, career, or how we spend spare time. A fortuitous choice of mine was to get involved ...
Venkatraman, Ramya - - 2008
Errors in medicine administration often go unnoticed and unreported. This article describes three medicine-related errors and provides recommendations to reduce risk. All medicine-related errors should be reported locally and to the National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) so that they can be collated and trends identified. Electronic prescribing and patient/medicine identification ...
Tanner, Judith - - 2008
Estimates suggest one in 20 patients develop an infection following surgery, costing the NHS around 1bn [pounds sterling] each year (SSHAIP 2004). This article discusses surgical site infections and the commonest bacteria which cause them. It then explores two practices, preoperative body washing and preoperative hair removal, and their effect ...
Reid, Jane - - 2008
In recent years we have experienced considerable interest in new roles but since the demise of the National Practitioner Programme (England) in 2007, much has gone quiet. NHS Education Scotland (NES) continues with the Physician Assistant pilots and there is evidence of developments at individual SHA level, but nothing like ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2008
To operate on the abdominal aorta is difficult enough today, even with all the appurtenances of the modern operating theatre. Yet the first time this was performed, as an emergency by Astley Cooper of Guy's Hospital in 1817, it was carried out without any form of anaesthetic, in the patient's ...
Pozniak, Anton - - 2008
Sexton, Rocky - - 2008
This article describes barriers to obtaining drug abuse treatment in the rural South using qualitative interviews conducted with 86 illicit stimulant users recruited in rural Arkansas and Kentucky between 2003 and 2005. Fifty-nine (69.0%) of the interviewees had never entered drug abuse treatment. Sixteen (19.0%) participants reported current perceived need ...
Rhodes, Warren - - 2008
Using secondary data analysis, this study compares alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems experienced by African-American students attending a historically Black university who use alcohol only versus those who use alcohol plus marijuana. Results indicate that students who used marijuana plus alcohol experienced more AOD problems than their counterparts who ...
Amen, Daniel - - 2008
The objective of this study was to differentiate ADHD patients from a healthy comparison group using high resolution brain SPECT imaging in older patients. Using extensive chart reviews of structured interviews, DSM-IV criteria, and psychiatrist-given diagnoses, we identified 27 patients over age 50 with ADHD, either combined or inattentive types. ...
Amen, Daniel - - 2008
The goal of this study was to test whether clinician-rated regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as rendered by SPECT imaging is a meaningful predictor of patient response to CNS stimulants. Chart reviews were used to identify patients who reported prior significant positive and negative responses to CNS stimulants. Each patient ...
Polcin, Douglas - - 2008
The call for evidence-based practices (EBPs) in addiction treatment is nearly universal. It is a noteworthy movement in the field because treatment innovations have not always been implemented in community programs. However, other types of community-based services that may be essential to sustained recovery have received less attention. This article ...
McWhirter, Paula - - 2008
Trends in adolescent drug use are encouraging and suggest the importance of preventative programs for youth. Yet, among those who become involved with illicit substances and seek treatment, only a fraction report positive outcomes. This article describes an approach to enhance adolescent participation in substance abuse treatment. Aspects of the ...
Marceaux, Janice - - 2008
This study compared five individuals who intentionally ingested formaldehyde (possibly laced with PCP) in marijuana cigarettes to a control group on measures of cognitive ability. Formaldehyde, a major component in embalming fluid, is legal to purchase and possess and has become popular due to its euphoric properties. In significant doses, ...
Levy, Michael - - 2008
A survey to assess the most common reasons for relapse was developed and administered to 335 individuals who were current clients in various levels of care in a large substance abuse treatment program in order to better understand what factors were most relevant for relapse among these clients. Several reasons ...
Kerr, Thomas - - 2008
So-called "balanced" drug policy couples enforcement initiatives targeting drug dealers with health-focused interventions serving addicted individuals. There are few evaluations of this approach, and little is known about how these two populations may overlap. We evaluated factors associated with drug dealing among injection drug users (IDUs) in Vancouver, Canada, and ...
Griffin, O. Hayden, - - 2008
The legal status of the hallucinogenic plant Salvia divinorum has been rapidly changing. Legal prohibitions on this plant native to Oaxaca, Mexico have emerged at the state level, a phenomenon that has not occurred since the passage of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Included will be a brief description of ...
Collins, Gregory - - 2008
Chloroquine and its derivatives have been drugs of choice in the prophylaxis and treatment of malaria for over 50 years. These drugs are also frequently used in the treatment of various rheumatologic disorders. Because many Americans now travel abroad and may require chloroquine prophylaxis, as well as the fact that ...
Bullis, Ronald - - 2008
In 2006, the Supreme Court paved the way for the sacramental use of a hallucinogen, hoasca, to be imported, distributed and ingested by a religious group. This case has broad implications for religious freedom for using sacramental psychotropics and how such cases might be decided in the future. This article ...
Bruhn, Jan - - 2008
Human interest in psychoactive phenethylamines is known from the use of mescaline-containing cacti and designer drugs such as Ecstasy. From the alkaloid composition of cacti we hypothesized that substances resembling Ecstasy might occur naturally. In this article we show that lophophine, homopiperonylamine and lobivine are new minor constituents of two ...
Bonnet, Udo - - 2008
Propofol is a widely used general anaesthetic with multisite mechanisms and especially ultrashort activation of certain central GABA-A receptors. Since its introduction into the market in the mid 1980s this is the seventh report on propofol dependence in the literature. The present case shows for the first time that craving ...
Amos, Charles - - 2008
This study examined the relationship between sexual abuse in or around campus and drug use among young African-American males in college. It offers cross-sectional analysis of data collected from the Alcohol and Substance Abuse Awareness and Use Study (ASAAUS). Data collection took place in October 2004 via a self-administered survey ...
James, Jessica - - 2008
For the past twenty-five years, urban poverty research has not received sufficient attention from scholars in African American Studies, leaving this important research in the hands of sociologists, psychologists, and urban studies scholars, whose research focuses primarily on the detrimental effects of growing up in a poor neighborhood and paints ...
Mungwini, Pascah - - 2008
The prevalence of HIV and AIDS places a new moral imperative on the Shona society and especially women for the need to revisit and possibly reconstruct their usual way of seeing themselves and the prevailing discourse about women in Zimbabwe. It is making it mandatory for Shona women to cultivate ...
Nyota, Shumirai - - 2008
This article aims to show that Shona traditional children's games and play songs are an indigenous way of knowing. It also seeks to show how the knowledge embedded in these songs and play songs is accessed. As methodology, examples of Shona traditional children's games and play songs are analysed using ...
Gwaravanda, Ephraim - - 2008
Riddles are important logical tools in the traditional Shona system of education. While Shona riddles have important functions like socialisation and recreation, this paper is focused on the functions of riddles in sharpening one's reasoning skills and quickness of wit, and attempts to show how riddles foster quick mental flexibility ...
Raj, Salisu - - 2008
The communicative effectiveness of language use is examined in this paper. This is done with particular reference to the texts of public awareness/sensitization campaigns on HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Hence texts primarily meant to create awareness and sensitize the general public on the dangers of the HIV/AIDS pandemic are tested in ...
Katembo, Baruti - - 2008
The EAC (East African Community), created in 2001, is the umbrella organization overseeing a pan-nation trade bloc consisting of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. This confederation features a single currency, common language (Kiswahili), and shared regional initiatives (e.g. technology, research, education, and tourism, etc.). This paper discusses the EAC ...
Dieng, Babacar - - 2008
This article attempts to contribute to the scholarship on Margaret Walker's Jubilee, ancestor of a wave of neo-enslaved narratives and African-American historical fictions, by shedding more light on the context of its development. While most critics implicitly tie the development of Walker's historical novel to the sixties, the text is ...
Von Robertson, - - 2008
Approximately four years ago, I began collecting interview data with Black Seminoles/Estelusti in Oklahoma. My research focused on how the Black Seminoles negotiated their marginal status within the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma and with non-freedman Blacks. Using Weisberger's (1992) marginality construct, I found that the Estelusti most often employed 'poise' ...
Johnson, Christopher - - 2008
The article discusses hip-hop's progression from communal art to commodity and argues that the change is attributed to the lack of strong social justice activism in the years the music became popular, a lack of communal critique; the change from an industrial to the postindustrial economy, and the ongoing commodification ...
Hlongwane, Ali - - 2008
In the last thirty years, the June 16, 1976 student uprisings have been commemorated in various ways. The commemorations have taken the form of expression of grief, loss and the will to continue pursuing the liberation project in South Africa. These processes of commemoration have over the years been characterised ...
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