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Liakos, D. - - 2010
Introduction. Oesophageal cancer causes much morbidity and mortality in South Africa. Social and economic constraints further impact on the management of these patients. Many prospective randomised trials of palliative treatment have been done in the developed world, not taking into account these socio-economic constraints. We present a study from Tshepong ...
Peterson, R. - - 2010
Oldrup, Erik - - 2010
Endophytic Undifilum oxytropis (Q. Wang, Nagao & Kakish) Pryor, Creamer, Shoemaker, McLain-Romero, & Hambleton found within toxic locoweeds (Astragalus and Oxytropis spp.) produces the alkaloid swainsonine, which is responsible for locoism in grazing animals. We sought to determine the location of U. oxytropis within locoweed seed, develop endophyte free plants, ...
Uma, Eswaranpillai - - 2010
Associations of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and dark septate endophyte (DSE) fungi with 38 ginger species (Zingiberaceae) and two spiral gingers (Costaceae) were investigated. All species were mycorrhizal, and the status of 35 gingers and one spiral ginger has been investigated for the first time. The extent of AM colonization and ...
Simpson, Jeffrey - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that [gamma]-aminobutyrate transaminase (GABA-T) regulates the supply of succinate semialdehyde for succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase or NADPH-dependent glyoxylate/succinate semialdehyde reductase 1 (GLYR1) during stress. Constitutive overexpression (OX) lines of GABA-T were generated in Arabidopsis via the floral-dip method for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Polymerase chain reaction enabled selection of ...
Fu, Yong-Bi - - 2010
One major challenge in genetic and evolutionary studies of wild flax species is the lack of informative molecular markers. A set of 100 informative expressed sequence tag-derived simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) primer pairs developed in cultivated flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) were characterized on 35 Linum accessions representing 17 Linum species ...
Haugo, Ryan - - 2010
Few studies have considered how interactions between woody and herbaceous species change in direction or magnitude over time or with traits of the dominant woody species. We used a chronosequence approach to explore these interactions in a montane meadow in which Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud, and Abies grandis (Dougl. ...
Tsuneda, A. - - 2010
Two endoconidial, black meristematic fungi, Celosporium larixicolum gen. et sp. nov. (Dothideales) and Hispidoconidioma alpina gen. et sp. nov. (Capnodiales) are described from black subicula on twigs of declining larch (Larix lyallii Parl) trees in Alberta, Canada. Conidioma morphology and phylogenetic analysis of LSU and ITS regions indicate that these ...
Fowke, Larry - - 2010
The author highlights his 40-year academic career with emphasis on the major contributions of technicians, graduate students, and postdoctoral fellows in his research laboratory. Postdoctoral research in Canberra, Australia, on algal cell division preceded a faculty position in the Biology Department, University of Saskatchewan, that stretched from 1970 until today. ...
Barabe, Denis - - 2010
Previous studies on palm phyllotaxis deal mainly with the mature trunk. The goals of this study are (i) to determine the relationship between the number of parastichies, the divergence angle, and the plastochrone ratio at the level of the shoot apical meristem; (ii) to examine whether there are fluctuations in ...
Cho, Song - - 2010
Previously, root colonization by the rhizobacterium, Pseudomonas chlororaphis O6, was shown to induce expression of galactinol synthase conferring systemic resistance against a fungal pathogen in cucumber leaves. Here, the Arabidopsis--Botrytis cinerea system is introduced to better understand signal transduction of galactinol and (or) raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFO) during O6-mediated induced ...
Reinhardt, Keith - - 2010
Light quantity and quality strongly influence plant ecophysiology, especially in cloud forests. Only a few studies have investigated the quantitative effects of clouds on incident sunlight, and almost no studies have explored the specific effects of cloud immersion on light quality. In the present study, the spectral quantity and quality ...
Rudner, Glenn - - 2010
Zhang, Xuchen - - 2010
* Struma ovarii is a monodermal variant of ovarian teratoma. Thyroid-type carcinoma arising in struma ovarii is rare. The most common type is papillary carcinoma, followed by typical follicular carcinoma, and the new entity of follicular carcinoma--highly differentiated follicular carcinoma of ovarian origin; other forms occur rarely. Consensus on the ...
Gauerke, Steven - - 2010
* Hidradenocarcinomas are rare, aggressive skin adnexal tumors of sweat gland origin that demonstrate a high potential for local recurrence, metastasis, and poor outcome. These neoplasms can derive from preexisting clear cell hidradenomas but more commonly appear de novo, with the molecular events responsible for the pathogenesis currently unknown. Historically, ...
Pan, Zenggang - - 2010
* Appendiceal goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) is a rare tumor with histologic features of both adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine tumor (carcinoid). Clinically, it behaves more aggressively than classic appendiceal carcinoid and commonly presents with peritoneal carcinomatosis. We report 2 cases of appendiceal GCC, one with uterine cervical involvement and the other ...
Sugawara, Akiko - - 2010
* Context.--Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs) probably function in hemostasis, thrombosis, inflammation, and transfusion-related immunomodulation.
Jain, Deepali - - 2010
* Context.--Meningiomas represent approximately 4% of all intraorbital tumors and can arise from the optic nerve or extend into the orbit from adjacent structures.
Li, Ting - - 2010
* Context.--Gene expression profiling of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma using complementary DNA microarrays has revealed 2 major prognostic groups in Western countries: germinal center B-cell-like and nongerminal center B-cell-like lymphomas. Immunohistochemical analysis using antibodies specific for CD10, BCL6, and MUM1 has been proposed as a surrogate for gene expression profiling.
Howerton, Devery - - 2010
* Context.--Beginning in 1994, clinical laboratories performing nonwaived testing were required, under the regulations implementing the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA), to enroll and participate in a proficiency testing (PT) program approved by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Successful PT performance is a requirement for maintaining ...
Austin, R. - - 2010
* Context.--Evaluation of cervical cancer screening has grown increasingly complex with the introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and newer screening technologies approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.
Nakhleh, Raouf - - 2010
Context.--To avoid errors many surgical pathology services mandate review of a case by a second pathologist before reports are released (signed out).
Melanson, Stacy - - 2010
Context.--To assist with patient diagnosis and management, physicians from pain services, drug treatment programs, and the emergency department frequently request that urine be tested for drugs of abuse. However, urine immunoassays for drugs of abuse have limitations.
Nakhleh, Raouf - - 2010
Context.--To ensure quality human epidermal growth receptor 2 (HER2) testing in breast cancer, the American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists guidelines were introduced with expected compliance by 2008.
Beasley, Mary - - 2010
Context.--Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome are significant causes of pulmonary morbidity and are frequently fatal. These 2 entities have precise definitions from a clinical standpoint. Histologically, cases from patients with clinical acute lung injury typically exhibit diffuse alveolar damage, but other histologic patterns may occasionally be encountered ...
Allen, Timothy - - 2010
Context.--The term small airways disease encompasses a generally poorly understood group of lung diseases that may arise primarily within the small airways or secondarily from diseases primarily affecting the bronchi or lung parenchyma. Their histology may be confusing; however, because treatments and prognoses vary, correct pathologic diagnosis is important.
Guinee, Donald G., - - 2010
Context.--Recent discoveries have expanded the spectrum of nonneoplastic pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders and have provided new insights into their pathogenesis and treatment.
Mukhopadhyay, Sanjay - - 2010
Context.--Granulomas are among the most commonly encountered abnormalities in pulmonary pathology and often pose a diagnostic challenge. Although most pathologists are aware of the need to exclude an infection in this setting, there is less familiarity with the specific histologic features that aid in the differential diagnosis.
Yeung, C. - - 2010
The Gully is the first Fisheries and Oceans Canada marine protected area off the eastern coast of Canada. To ensure success of conservation efforts in this area, it is essential to develop a better understanding of microbial community composition from the euphotic zone to the deep sea in this previously ...
Wilson, Wayne - - 2010
The budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. accumulates the storage polysaccharide glycogen in response lo nutrient limitation. Glycogen synthase, the major form of which is encoded by the GSY2 gene, catalyzes the key regulated step in glycogen storage. Here, we utilized Gsy2p fusions to green fluorescent protein (GFP) to determine where glycogen ...
Gutierrez-Mendez, Nestor - - 2010
Lactococcus lactis is the lactic acid bacteria most used in the manufacture of dairy products because of its fast lactose fermentation and flavor production. In this study, L lactis strains isolated from different sources and previously characterized and evaluated for their capability to produce flavor were compared with respect to ...
Kun, Cai - - 2010
A bacterial ghost (BG)-based vaccine was developed against enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of E. coli O157:H7 BGs in a mouse model and to reveal the mechanism of the immune response. Booster immunization provided a higher protection rate (84%) ...
Li, Chia-Yang - - 2010
Asthma is recognized throughout the world as a chronic airway inflammatory disease. In this study, we investigated the effect of probiotics in response to antigen challenge in an ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized asthma model in BALB/c mice. Lactobacillus salivarius PM-A0006 was orally administered to mice before antigen challenge. After antigen challenge, serum ...
de Boer, - - 2010
In a previous study it was shown that the number of wood-inhabiting bacteria was drastically reduced after colonization of beech (Fagus sylvatica) wood blocks by the white-rot fungus Hypholoma fasciculare, or sulfur tuft (Folman et al. 2008). Here we report on the mechanisms of this fungal-induced antibacterial activity. Hypholoma fasciculare ...
Lima, Swiany - - 2010
Pseudocercospora griseola (Sacc.) Crous & Braun is a widespread fungal phytopathogen that is responsible for angular leaf spot in the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). A number of fungal phytopathogens have been shown to harbour mycoviruses, and this possibility was investigated in populations of Pseudocercospora griseola. The total nucleic acid ...
Bergmann, I. - - 2010
Energy production of renewable raw material is of increasing importance for sustainable energy production. As an indispensable prerequirement for further upgrading of technical equipment and operation modes of biogas plants, a deeper knowledge of the microbial community responsible for methane formation is crucial. To overcome these limitations a mesophilic biogas ...
Andrade, L.N. - - 2010
This study analyzed resistance determinants in extended-spectrum [beta]-lactamase (ESBL)-producing enterobacteria and the epidemiology of 11 Escherichia coli isolates obtained from meningitis patients in a region of Brazil from 2000 to 2005. ESBL-encoding genes and their genetic environment were investigated by PCR and sequencing. The gene [bla.sub.CTX-M-2] was identified in 3 ...
Vinogradov, Evgeny - - 2010
The structure of the antigenic O-polysaccharide isolated from the lipopolysaccharide produced by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O103:H2 was determined and shown to be composed of D-glucose (1 part), 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-Dglucose (2 parts), 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose (1 part), and 3-deoxy-3-(i?)-3-hydroxybutyramido-D-fucose (1 part). From the results of methylation analysis, Smith-type periodate oxidation degradation studies, and the ...
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