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Bowers, Mark - - 2012
The role of the registered perioperative practitioner (Operating Department Practitioner or Registered Nurse) includes the responsibility for safely positioning patients for surgery. The prone position is in common use for a variety of surgical procedures. The formal term for this surgical position is ventral decubitus (meaning laying face down).
Bell, Roxanne - - 2012
This article explores the root causes of a missing swab incident. It reinforces the scrub practitioner's responsibility for the surgical count as reflected on by a student operating department practitioner. With environmental pressures and methods upheld by the operating room culture it is recognised that mistakes do sometimes arise from ...
Wicker, Paul - - 2012
When I look back at how my career started, I think to myself, what if I had undertaken the BA in Business Studies which I had been accepted for, instead of the BSc in Nursing for which I was still waiting to hear the results of my interview? Well, probably ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2012
In the general field of medicine, more so than in any other occupation; we use eponyms in our everyday work. An eponym comes from the Greek word for a name. It is used, often, to commemorate the person or persons responsible for the first description of a disease, discoverer of ...
Scott, Bevan - - 2012
Some patients recovered in the post anaesthetic care unit (PACU) will require airway management and close monitoring to prevent any post operative complications. Ineffective airway management will lead rapidly to hypoxaemia, and will ultimately compromise patient care. This article discusses physiological principles and monitoring of airway management in the PACU, ...
Wishart, Karl - - 2012
This is an account of a significant event that occurred in clinical practice. The incident highlights issues that can arise from a breakdown of verbal and non-verbal communication between members of staff. It also demonstrates how professional conduct and effective team working can overcome such breakdowns to elicit a positive ...
Sanderson, Cara - - 2012
Surgical smoke is produced when tissues are dissected or cauterised by heat generating devices. Perioperative personnel and patients are routinely exposed to this smoke, and the use of smoke evacuation devices in operating theatres is not mandatory. This review will examine the most recent literature relating to surgical smoke in ...
Cobbold, Angela - - 2012
Obesity is rapidly becoming a major health concern and could be considered equal to smoking as a preventable cause of premature death. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE 2006) estimated that 1.1 billion people are overweight, a number rivalling those who are underweight globally. Recent statistics for ...
Coates, Tracy - - 2012
'Never events' are definable, known sources of risk for which there is existing national guidance and/or safety recommendations on how the event can be prevented, there is support for implementation and as such should be largely preventable if the guidance is implemented (DH 2011)
Manan, N.M. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coronal resorption is a coronal degeneration of enamel and dentine in which ultimately the crown is replaced by vascular connective tissue through a defect in the enamel organ of an unerupted tooth. This is also known as pre-eruptive coronal resorption. However, the aetiology of resorption remains unclear. CASE REPORT: ...
Ulusu, T. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate retention and caries prevention of a glass-ionomer cement (GIC) and a resin-based fissure sealant placed by fifth-year undergraduate dental students. METHODS: The study was conducted according to a split-mouth, randomised clinical trial. Children with at least one pair of caries-free permanent first molars with deep pits and ...
Oliveira, M.D.M. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the reproducibility of 7 validation methods used for caries diagnosis in primary teeth. METHODS: Seventy-two occlusal sites were selected on 40 primary molars. The sites were evaluated independently by 3 experienced examiners using validation methods that involved direct assessment, i.e. by using a (1) magnifying glass (8x) ...
Stewart, C. - - 2012
AIM: To examine the reasons for referral to the Paediatric Dental Department, Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Ireland and to study the profile of these reasons in terms of the various sources of referral. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. METHODS: Consecutive clinical records for children attending the service were reviewed ...
Hashim, R. - - 2012
AIM: To assess, by means of a structured questionnaire, mothers' level of knowledge with regards to the immediate emergency management of dental trauma in the Emirate of Ajman, United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using anonymous structured questionnaires was employed for mothers chosen at random from child care ...
Chhabra, N. - - 2012
AIM: Preschool children are dependent upon their parents for their dental care. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and beliefs of parents towards oral health and dental care of their children aged 1-4 years in an Indian population. METHODS: Parents of 620 preschool children, who ...
Feldens, C.A. - - 2012
AIM: To identify risk factors for cariogenic feeding practices in the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: 500 children born within the public health care system in Sao Leopoldo, Brazil, were recruited in a follow-up program. Anthropometric and demographic data were collected soon after birth; data on ...
Olak, J. - - 2012
AIM: This was to compare the effect of a prevention program between children of anxious and non-anxious mothers. METHODS: Mothers (n=120) with high and low dental anxiety scores (DAS [greater than or equal to] 15 and DAS [less than or equal to] 8, respectively), and with high levels of mutans ...
Cleaton-Jones, P.E. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Research involving human subjects requires approval by a research ethics committee before commencement. What appears to many researchers to be a daunting task can be relatively easy if approached sensibly. AIM: The aim of this paper is to offer advice to potential applicants for ethics approval of their research. ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2012
Crisosto, Gayle - - 2012
Researchers from various countries have proposed using dry matter at harvest as a worldwide quality index for Hay-ward kiwifruit, because it includes both soluble (sugars and acids) and insoluble (structural carbohydrates and starch) solids and doesn t change during post-harvest handling. Our consumer tests in 1999 and 2008 indicated that ...
Haroldsen, Victor - - 2012
California s fruit and nut tree crops represent one-third of the state s cash farm receipts and 70% of U.S. fruit and nut production. Advances in crop biotechnology and genetic engineering could help protect these valuable crops from pests and diseases and improve productivity. However, due to the difficulty of ...
Mitchell, Jeffrey - - 2012
Reducing tillage and maintaining crop residues on the soil surface could improve the water use efficiency of California crop production. In two field studies comparing no-tillage with standard tillage operations (following wheat silage harvest and before corn seeding), we estimated that 0.89 and 0.97 inches more water was retained in ...
- - 2012
Warden, Michelle - - 2012
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