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Milfont, Taciano - - 2011
This article reports two studies conducted in New Zealand, replicating and expanding Gifford et al.'s (2009) recent research on spatial optimism ("things are better here than there") and temporal pessimism ("things will get worse") in the assessment of environmental conditions. The present research goes beyond the original study by using ...
Barker-Collo, Suzanne - - 2011
This study developed a regression formula for prediction of pre-morbid abilities using the National Adult Reading Test (NART), standardised for use in New Zealand, and including examination of the contribution of variables such as age, gender and ethnicity to prediction. Participants were 113 New Zealand born adults (age range 18 ...
Jackson, Duncan - - 2011
Task-based assessment centres (TBACs) have been suggested as a viable approach to evaluation in employment scenarios. Despite such suggestions, little or no empirical evidence exists on the relationship between TBAC scores and work outcomes. A sample of managers in a New Zealand service company participated in a TBAC used for ...
Sibley, Chris - - 2011
The Stereotype Content Model states that stereotypes express generalised evaluative beliefs that vary according to the degree of warmth and competence ascribed to group members. The present study applied this model to examine the societal stereotypes (or meta-stereotypes) of Pakeha, Maori, Pacific Nations, and Asian New Zealanders using a national ...
Drury, Nick - - 2011
The philosophical investigations of Wittgenstein revealed a non-dualistic and more immediate relationship between us and the world (including each other). A relationship not mediated by intellectual knowledge as Descartes had led us to suppose, but one based on active engagement. Wittgenstein's philosophy has been described as therapy for the Western ...
Macfarlane, Angus - - 2011
Evidence-based, culturally relevant assessment constitutes a major function of applied psychology in New Zealand's bicultural society and wherever psychologists work. Yet what is termed assessment in psychology takes many forms, and it intersects with everyday life and culture in a number of ways. This position paper considers some of these ...
Kaur, Palwinder - - 2011
A promising biologic therapy, offering various applications in dentistry is the use of platelet rich-plasma (PRP). PRP has became an increasingly popular clinical tool as an alternative source of growth factors for several types of dental procedures. These growth factors are described as promoters of tissue repair mechanisms and remodelling. ...
Chandra, Tripuraneni - - 2011
This study was conducted to evaluate the cytotoxicity of two beryllium free nickel-chromium dental casting alloys in their reused state. Three groups of specimens per each alloy were casted, first group with 100% new alloy, second by mixing 50 wt% of new alloy with 50 wt% of once used alloy ...
Engineer, Chhaya - - 2011
Biodegradable polymers are extensively used in medical device industry for the controlled delivery of pharmaceutical agent to the targeted region. Successful performance of any controlled drug delivery system (DDS) relies on the drug elution kinetics which further depends on the degradation behavior of the biodegradable polymers. Thus, fundamental understanding of ...
Rao, C.V. - - 2011
Biomaterials and their applications in medicine and dentistry have been recognized in regular clinical practice. In recent years lot of research is being done on its application in the field of medicine and particularly in restorative dentistry. These materials found to be successful for restoration of teeth in esthetic, function ...
Gupta, Himanshu - - 2011
This in vitro study aimed to test the efficacy of ketoconazole and itraconazole, combined with two tissue conditioners (Viscogel [Dentsply] and GC Soft [GC India]), in inhibiting the growth of Candida albicans. Four control groups tested were Viscogel (VGC), GC Soft (GCC), ketoconazole (KTZ) and itraconazole (ITZ). Four combination groups ...
Sivarasu, Sudesh - - 2011
The process of reverse engineering involves, disassembling and disclosing the method in which it works. It often shows an effective way for learning to construct a product/technology or improvise it. In medical devices design, reverse engineering principles are more often used in implants designing and specifically in orthopedic implants designing. ...
Edelstein, Yudell - - 2011
Metallosis following open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for fracture, usually presenting as a soft tissue mass, is barely discussed in the literature. In this case report, the imaging and pathological findings of metallosis after ORIF for a humeral fracture are presented and comprehensively discussed.
De Souza, - - 2011
SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis) is a rare chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal disorder of unknown etiology observed in children and young adults, which involves both osteo-articular inflammation and skin abnormalities. We review the case of a 22-year-old male, who presented with a 5-year history of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), ...
Khattri, Saakshi - - 2011
A 75-year-female with a history of Isoniazid (INH) therapy for latent tuberculosis, was admitted with a 4-week duration of dyspnea, cough, and pleuritic chest pain. She was treated with intravenous antibiotics for a diagnosis of pneumonia. Her stay was complicated by development of recurrent, exudative eosinophilic pleural effusions (EPEs). When ...
Shinohara, Takaaki - - 2011
A case is presented of arteriovenous malformation of the thumb, requiring thumb amputation and free flap coverage for curative treatment. The thumb was reconstructed by pollicization of the index finger as a secondary operation. The patient remains free of recurrence after 2 years and uses the pollicized thumb for daily ...
Maffulli, Nicola - - 2011
The pivot shift test is a cornerstone in the clinical diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. It can be difficult to perform in overweight patients or in those with long or bulky legs. We present an alternative method to perform the pivot shift test that recalls the judo technique ...
Sayeed, Siraj - - 2011
The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) provides a standardized measure to assess the knowledge of orthopaedic residents regarding knee reconstruction surgery. However, there currently are limited resources for residents who are preparing for the knee reconstruction questions on the OITE. The present study assessed the character of the knee reconstruction questions ...
Steiner, German - - 2011
The objective of this study was, in chondrosarcoma (CHS) of the femur, to evaluate by radiologic-pathologic correlation, the degree of tumor growth, cortical destruction, periosteal reaction, and soft tissue extension present.
Kim, Suezie - - 2011
The popularity of snowboarding has brought awareness to injuries sustained during the sport. Wrist injuries are among the most common injuries, and there is an interest in using protective equipment to prevent these injuries. The purpose of this study was to review the literature on wrist guard use, injury prevention, ...
Wasserman, Bradley - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic inflammatory disorder affecting multiple organ systems, joints, ligaments, and bones and commonly involves the cervical spine. Chronic synovitis may result in bony erosion and ligamentous laxity that result in instability and subluxation. Anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) is the most frequently occurring deformity, due ...
Thut, David - - 2011
Background: Dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint is a rare injury that has a low incidence of significant long-term symptoms. Surgical reconstruction of the joint is indicated in patients with symptomatic, chronic anterior instability or with irreducible or recurrent posterior instability. There have been many reported techniques for stabilization of the ...
Vangsness, C. Thomas, - - 2011
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the cytokine profile of human knee synovial fluid and correlate this with the subject's degree of articular cartilage degradation, radiographic score, and synovial histology.
Huizinga, Tom - - 2011
The prognosis of patients with recent onset arthritis may vary from self-limiting disease to severe destructive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In order to improve outcomes, a great deal of effort has been put into applying a diagnosis that will allow rapid initiation of treatment. The diagnosis of undifferentiated arthritis (UA) for ...
Dougados, Maxime - - 2011
Since the main objective of therapies in rheumatology is not only to improve the patient condition but also to prevent a further disability and because of the emergence of new and very effective therapies, the outcome measures used to evaluate treatments in rheumatology have been revisited. The major changes are ...
Castrejon, Isabel - - 2011
"Treat-to-target" of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is similar in many respects to hypertension and diabetes. All three diseases involve a dysregulation of normal physiologic functions, which results in long-term organ damage if not treated. "Treat-to-target" strategies, based on values of specific quantitative measures, lead to improved outcomes, including longer survival. However, ...
Yazici, Hasan - - 2011
There are certain thought barriers involved in making diagnostic-classification criteria in diseases of unknown origin. Among these are a lack of appreciation of the issue of circular logic, the basic oneness of diagnostic and classification criteria, the lack of appreciation as to why we make such criteria in the first ...
Rimulo, A.L. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is the main complication of chemotherapy and radiotherapy used in the treatment of cancer. Phototherapy has proven effective in the treatment of mucositis, as it accelerates the tissue healing process and has both analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. CASE REPORT: This paper reports the case of a paediatric ...
Cauwels, R.G.E.C - - 2011
AIM: The goal of this pilot study was to investigate the capacity of pain relief and wound healing of low level laser therapy (LLLT) in chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in a paediatric oncology population group. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: 16 children (mean age 9.4 years) from the Gent University Hospital--Department ...
Boj, J.R. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many soft tissue pathologies in children can be treated by paediatric dentists. New technologies such as laser surgery enable simpler treatments to be carried out than with conventional techniques. CASE REPORTS: A case series of 7 children aged 6 to 14 years old were treated for various soft tissue ...
Kotlow, L. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Newborn babies often present oral conditions of anykloglossia and tied maxillary fraena (lip-ties) associated with problems that can be related to breastfeeding. Many breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to abnormal attachments of the tongue and/or a maxillary lip-tie. REVIEW: The various types of ...
Boj, J.R. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many soft tissue pathologies in children can be treated by paediatric dentists. New technologies such as laser surgery enable simpler treatments to be carried out than with conventional techniques. REVIEW: This paper reviews soft tissue lasers and discusses their use in paediatric patients. The laser is a good tool ...
Berk, N. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The success of reattaching fractured tooth crowns fragments, as a result of trauma, has improved as a result of the introduction of lasers in dental care. This case report documents a 4 year follow-up of a re-bonded tooth fragment on a maxillary first permanent incisor. CASE REPORT: An 8-year-old ...
Tanboga, I. - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate the effect of low level laser therapy on pain during cavity preparation with laser in paediatric dental patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 10 children aged 6 to 9 years old for a total of 20 primary molar teeth. For laser preparation ...
Vitale, M.C. - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate chemically the effects of diode laser on fluoride uptake before and after laser irradiation of enamel surfaces. METHODS: Crowns of 20 sound human teeth were halved and a 3x3mm acid-resistant varnish uncovered window left for: A) no treatment; B) fluoride (Elmex gel); C) diode (fluoride + diode ...
Roeykens, H. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An early determination of pulpal vitality is crucial with respect to a correct differential diagnosis of revascularisation or necrosis and its treatment. REVIEW: Sensibility tests (cold, heat, electrical pulp test) in combination with radiographs are commonly promoted. However these tests are arbitrary, based on sensations and therefore not always ...
Caprioglio, C. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Dental trauma in children is a frequent and often complex clinical event in which laser-assisted therapy, particularly using erbium lasers, can offer new treatment possibilities, improving the outcomes and reducing the associated complications. REVIEW: In particular, it is worth considering that the use of laser-assisted therapies is associated with ...
Olivi, G. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The idea of substituting a drill with a laser light, has led to its introduction in dentistry. Besides being more accepted to patients, in paediatric dentistry the laser has demonstrated safety compared with rotating instruments. REVIEW: A review of the past 20 years of the dental literature concerning laser ...
Martens, L.C. - - 2011
Aim: The aim of this introduction to this special laser issue is to describe some basic laser physics and to delineate the potential of laser-assisted dentistry in children. REVIEW: A brief review of the available laser literature was performed within the scope of paediatric dentistry. Attention was paid to soft ...
Martens, Luc - - 2011
Mortensen, Annette - - 2011
Wood, Pamela - - 2011
All nurse researchers need to address, in the manner most appropriate to their research methodology, issues of quality related to their research material. This concern is not about the care needed in generating data, rather it relates to understanding and evaluating material that already exists. This article describes four historical ...
Mackay, Bev - - 2011
The rising number of international students studying outside their own country poses challenges for nursing education. Numbers are predicted to grow and economic factors are placing increasing pressure on tertiary institutions to accept these students. In adapting to a foreign learning environment international students must not only adapt to the ...
Haitana, Jevada - - 2011
Preceptorship is a form of support offered to student nurses in the clinical setting by a registered nurse (preceptor) who offers guidance and acts as a role model to the student. Research suggests this can be a rewarding role for preceptors, but there are challenges which may impact on their ...
Wilson, Denise - - 2011
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