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Kim, Dong-Yeon - - 2011
A 22-year old woman visited the LAMB Hospital, Parbatipur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh, in February 2010, with exertional dyspnea for three weeks. She had had a normal vaginal delivery four months ago; 2-dimensional echocardiogram showed severe left ventricular dysfunction and biventricular thrombi, which resolved without complications after anticoagulation. Biventricular thrombosis with peripartum ...
Rianthavorn, Pornpimol - - 2011
When compared with Thailand, the seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) is extremely high among its neighbouring countries. To investigate the seroprevalence of HAV among the Thai people residing in the border area between Thailand and Myanmar, 308 residents in Umphang, Maesod district, Tak, were recruited. Sera were tested for ...
Edmonds, Joyce - - 2011
Specific and contextualized data on social support during distinct health events are needed to improve social support interventions. This study identified the type, content, and source of social support perceived by women during pregnancy. In-depth interviews with 25 women, aged 18-49 years, living in Matlab, Bangladesh, were conducted. The findings ...
Ugwuja, Emmanuel - - 2011
To determine the impact of socioeconomic status on plasma trace element status and pregnancy outcomes, 349 pregnant women, aged 15-40 years (mean 27.04 [+ or -] 2.75 years), recruited at [less than or equal to] 25 weeks (mean 21.76 [+ or -] weeks) gestational age, were followed up till delivery ...
Hovsepian, Silva - - 2011
Determination of vitamin D status in different age-groups in a community and in different climates of a country is necessary and has important implications for general health. The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among the adult population of Isfahan, a centrally-located city in Iran. ...
Ahenkan, Albert - - 2011
Nutrition and health are fundamental pillars of human development across the entire life-span. The potential role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in improving nutrition and health and reduction of poverty has been recognized in recent years. NTFPs continue to be an important source of household food security, nutrition, and health. ...
Gebreselassie, Samson - - 2011
The effect of prenatal zinc supplementation on birthweight is controversial as randomized controlled trials (RCTs) report conflicting conclusions. A systematic review which includes meta-analysis was done on 17 RCTs conducted worldwide since 1984 to assess the effect of prenatal zinc supplementation on birthweight. The studies were identified through web-based search. ...
Breiman, Robert - - 2011
A healthcare-use survey was conducted in the Kibera informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya, in July 2005 to inform subsequent surveillance in the site for infectious diseases. Sets of standardized questionnaires were administered to 1,542 caretakers and heads of households with one or more child(ren) aged less than five years. The ...
Atwood, Katharine - - 2011
This paper presents findings on sexual risk behaviours of Liberian youths based on five focus-group discussions conducted with 6th and 7th graders (n=36) attending an elementary/middle school in Monrovia, Liberia. The purpose of the focus-group discussions was to gain an understanding of the sexual behaviours of in-school Liberian adolescents. The ...
Gurpreet, K. - - 2011
Acute diarrhoea is a major health problem in many parts of the world, contributing to about 1.8 million deaths globally. The objectives of the study were to assess the incidence, determinants, and severity of acute diarrhoea in the population. A nation-wide cross-sectional survey involving about 57,000 respondents was conducted via ...
Sayem, Amir - - 2011
The study assessed the achievements in, critically reviewed the relevant issues of, and put forward recommendations for achieving the target of the Millennium Development Goal relating to mortality of children aged less than five years (under-five mortality) in Bangladesh within 2015. To materialize the study objectives, a thorough literature review ...
Prata, Ndola - - 2011
Recent efforts to reduce maternal mortality in developing countries have focused primarily on two long-term aims: training and deploying skilled birth attendants and upgrading emergency obstetric care facilities. Given the future population-level benefits, strengthening of health systems makes excellent strategic sense but it does not address the immediate safe-delivery needs ...
- - 2011
HIV-hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infected patients are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality. Early recognition of dual infection is a critical factor in directing appropriate therapy, and HBV screening should therefore be undertaken at the time of HIV diagnosis. Vaccination against HBV should be considered for all HIV patients ...
Ucciferri, Claudio - - 2011
Kidney diseases manifesting as proteinuria or elevated creatinine are increasingly prevalent complications of HIV infection. We report the effects of dual renin-angiotensin system blockade on proteinuria in a hypertensive black African HIV-infected patient.
Dolan, R. - - 2011
A 34-year-old-woman presented with acute onset of headache and bilateral facial nerve paralysis. On examination bilateral lower motor neuron 7th cranial nerve palsy in keeping with bilateral Bell's palsy was apparent. Investigations showed aseptic meningitis, with a low CD4 count of 352 cells/pl and an elevated viral load (5 300 ...
Malek, Liat - - 2011
Goodier, Matthew - - 2011
We report on 4 HIV-positive adult patients who presented (over a 2-year period) with clinically significant cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia requiring transbronchial biopsy for diagnosis. The patients were not on antiretroviral therapy. Clinical findings were nonspecific, sputum samples were negative, blood test results were non-contributory, and empirical treatment had failed. Radiological ...
Tathiah, N. - - 2011
Objective. To describe the effect of HIV serostatus on serum proteins, serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) patterns and monoclonal bands.
Boulle, A. - - 2011
Objective. It has previously been demonstrated that a peak in registered infant deaths, at 2-3 months of age at death, developed between 1997 and 2002 in South Africa, alongside the evolving HIV epidemic. The objective of this analysis was to explore the age distribution of post-neonatal infant deaths in South ...
Pfaff, Colin - - 2011
South Africa's HIV epidemic disproportionately affects the youth. (1) The importance of knowing one's status via voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) is recognised as a key strategy in fighting the epidemic and is reflected in the National Strategic Plan (NSP), (2) which has set targets of 70% of all adults ...
Gounden, Rianna - - 2011
Objectives. A comparison of the effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the immunological, virological and clinical status of two groups of patients in the South African government antiretroviral (ARV) programme in KwaZulu-Natal, viz. patients previously treated with ARVs in the private sector and then entering the government programme ...
- - 2011
Regondi, Ilaria - - 2011
Venter, Francois - - 2011
Bekker, Linda-Gail - - 2011
Fabra, M.Larrea - - 2011
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