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Results 251 - 300 of 799
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Sarkar, Kamalesh - - 2010
A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among injecting drug-users (IDUs) of the northeastern states of India to understand the host genetic factors that confer resistance to HIV infection. The study aimed at assessing the existence and magnitude of genetic mutations of chemokine receptors, such as CCR2-64I, CCR-5 D-32, and SDF-1-3'A, ...
Llanes, Rafael - - 2010
The study evaluated the antibiotic resistance patterns of Helicobacter pylori strains against metronidazole and clarithromycin in a hospital in Havana, Cuba. Eighty-five percent, 22.5%, and 10% of 40 H. pylori strains investigated were resistant to metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and clarithromycin respectively but all were susceptible to amoxicillin and tetracycline. RdxA truncation ...
Rundi, Christina - - 2010
Malaysia is a country with the intermediate burden of tuberculosis (TB). TB is still a public-health problem in Sabah, one of the two states in East Malaysia. In 2007, the state of Sabah contributed slightly more than 3,000 of 16,129 new and relapse cases reported in the country. It has ...
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Grantham, Dennis - - 2010
Venter, Francois - - 2010
Bekker, Linda-Gail - - 2010
Omo-Aghoja, L.O. - - 2010
Background. While there is evidence that HIV affects the course and outcome of pregnancy, reports on the effects of pregnancy on HIV infection remain conflicting, especially in low-resource settings.
Moosa, M.Y.H. - - 2010
Aim. The coping skills and styles individuals utilise to deal with the stress of HIV infection greatly influence the psychological impact of this illness and potential consequent feelings of hopelessness. The aim of this study was to describe levels of hopelessness in a group of stable, non-depressed HIV-positive patients receiving ...
Williams, C.H. - - 2010
Objectives. To analyse mortality trends from deaths registered at Mosvold Hospital, Ingwavuma, KwaZulu-Natal, and possible impact of programmes to treat and prevent HIV infection.
Laher, Fatima - - 2010
Cytomegalovirus is a multi-systemic infection reactivated in the immunocompromised. Diagnosis and treatment are prohibitively costly in sub-Saharan Africa, and efforts need to be made for their price reduction to support the expanding highly active antiretroviral treatment programme in the region.
Serenata, Celicia - - 2010
In 2009 the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) Treatment Technical Task Team (TTT) finalised recommendations for changes to the national standard treatment guidelines for adult and paediatric management and treatment, as well as changes in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) guidelines, moving away from monotherapy to ...
Kenyon, Chris - - 2010
It is widely held to be axiomatic in South African epidemiological and social science circles that it is not worth comparing the risk factors underpinning the dramatic differences in HIV spread in South Africa's racial groups, as these are all explained by corresponding differences in socio-economic status. The available evidence, ...
Parkhurst, Justin - - 2010
Concurrent partnering contributes to high HIV prevalence. This is in part due to the natural history of the virus. After transmission, an individual's viral load spikes in a period of 'acute infection' during which they are highly infectious. (1,2) Models estimate that around 10-45% of HIV acquisition arises from sex ...
Allison, G.T. - - 2010
The prescription of eccentric loading is considered as a mainstay of non-operative rehabilitation programmes for mid-substance chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Such exercises have some degree of clinical utility in comparison with concentric training and are often referred to as a strengthening programme. Yet the dose parameters of the eccentric loading do ...
Paoloni, J.A. - - 2010
Introduction. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are commonly used in sports medicine. NSAID have known anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and antithrombotic effects, although their in-vivo effects in treating musculoskeletal injuries in humans remain largely unknown. NSAID analgesic action is not significantly greater than paracetamol for musculoskeletal injury but they have a higher ...
Draper, Catherine - - 2010
Objectives. Non-communicable diseases and limited participation in school physical education have become increasing concerns in South Africa. In response to these concerns, a schoolbased physical activity intervention, Healthnutz, was implemented in three primary schools in Alexandra Township, Johannesburg. Evaluation of Healthnutz included assessing its feasibility and acceptability, and short-term changes ...
Ramchandani, Girish - - 2010
Objectives. Research examining the phenomenon of home advantage in international multi-sport competitions is limited to the Olympic Games. This paper investigates the prevalence of home advantage in the Commonwealth Games. The paper also explores the relative impact of travel on performance in the Commonwealth Games.
Cook, Ian - - 2010
Objectives. We developed a novel approach to investigate patterns of pedometry-measured total weekly activity energy expenditure ([EE.sub.Act]) in rural black South Africans in the Limpopo Province.
James, Bawo - - 2010
Objectives. Depression is associated with diabetes mellitus and affects treatment goals negatively. We aimed to determine the prevalence of depression and identify its socio-demographic or clinical correlates among patients with diabetes mellitus attending an out-patient clinic in Nigeria.
Ukpong, Dominic - - 2010
Background. The burden of mental illness is particularly severe for people living in low-income countries. Negative attitudes towards the mentally ill, stigma experiences and discrimination constitute part of this disease burden.
Akpan, M.U. - - 2010
Background. Behavioural problems among schoolchildren can pose a burden on families and society. Objective. To determine the prevalence and pattern of behavioural problems among children living in Uyo, a town in South-South Nigeria.
Ramlagan, Shandir - - 2010
Background. The aim of the study was to explore the epidemiology of drug abuse treatment in South Africa. Methods. Treatment demand statistics were analysed from South African National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the South African Community Epidemiology Network on Drug Use records, and a rapid situation assessment ...
Bodenstein, S. - - 2010
Psycho-educational programmes for families of persons with schizophrenia have been shown to reduce relapse rates, subsequently reducing the burden on the family as well as health care systems. Although various South African helplines and psycho-educational websites exist, none of these focused specifically on schizophrenia. The South African Depression and Anxiety ...
Drife, James - - 2010
Kent, Athol - - 2010
Kent, Athol - - 2010
Kent, Athol - - 2010
Kent, Athol - - 2010
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