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Results 201 - 250 of 1050
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Steinitz, Lucy - - 2010
Langford, Wendy - - 2010
IKhaxas, Elizabeth - - 2010
Shivolo, Justina - - 2010
Baker, Linda - - 2010
Hwa, Wong - - 2010
Background & objectives: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. have gained increasing significance as opportunistic pathogens in hospitalized patients. Carbapenem resistance is often associated with the loss and/or decrease in outer membrane proteins (OMP) and overexpression of multidrug efflux systems. However, carbapenem-hydrolysing [beta -lactamases of Ambler Class B (metallo-enzymes) and Ambler Class D ...
Satpathy, Gita - - 2010
Background & objectives: Though not frequently but there are reports showing phacoemulsifiers as a potent source of infection in post-operative cases of endophthalmitis. This study was carried out to find antibiogram and genetic relatedness between Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from a post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis outbreak (3 patients) and internal tubings of ...
Sanjay, M.K. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Periplasmic copper and zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD or SodC) is an important component of the antioxidant shield which protects bacteria from the phagocytic oxidative burst. Cu,Zn-SODs protect Gram-negative bacteria against oxygen damage which have also been shown to contribute to the pathogenicity of these bacterial species. We ...
Mahalakshmi, B. - - 2010
Background & objectives: We undertook this study to determine the infectious aetiology of congenital cataract based on the presence of IgM antibodies to TORCHES [(Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), Rubella virus (RV), Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Herpes simplex virus (HSV) and Syphilis (caused by Treponema pallidum)] in the serum samples of congenital cataract ...
Ray, Debidas - - 2010
Background & objectives: Results of earlier studies to evaluate the possible role of complement system in tropical pulmonary eosinophilia (TPE) using classical methods like serum haemolyte component CH50, C3 and C4 levels were inconclusive. In this study we determined levels of serum C3d which is a catabolic fragment of C3, ...
Asim, Mohammad - - 2010
Background & objectives: TT virus (TTV) is a newly discovered non-enveloped, single stranded DNA virus of high genotypic variability, found frequently in patients with acute or chronic hepatitis of non A-G aetiology. This study was carried out to look for the presence of TTV and its genotypes in patients with ...
Fathi, Fardin - - 2010
Background & objectives: Stem cell therapy has been considered as an ideal option for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Murine embryonic stem cells (mESCs)-derived dopaminergic (DA) neurons may substitute the degenerated neurons in the brain. In this study we generated highly enriched cultures of neural progenitors from mESCs and grafted ...
Bhansali, A. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Since cabergoline has a long half-life and sustained occupancy of dopamine (D2) receptors in lactotrophs, its doses are slowly built up either monthly or two monthly. This possibly results in delayed normalization of serum prolactin and slow reduction in tumour size. This study was planned to assess ...
Lakshmy, Ramakrishnan - - 2010
Background & objectives: Paraoxonase (PON) is an HDL associated ester hydrolase with an ability to retard LDL oxidation in vitro by preventing lipid peroxide generation. The population variability in enzyme activity is attributed to polymorphisms in paraoxonase gene. For example, polymorphism at codon 192 and 55 of the paraoxonase gene ...
Srinivasan, Krishnamachari - - 2010
Background & objectives: Research has shown that health related conditions and socio-economic factors influence disability in the elderly. We examined the prevalence of health related disability in community dwelling elderly ([less than or equal to] 65 yr) residents in a suburb of Bangaluru, Karnataka, India, and assessed the association of ...
Phadke, Shubha - - 2010
Background & objectives: Although clinical reports have described infantile malignant autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) in Indian patients, no published data are available about the genetic causes of ARO in this population. We investigated the main genetic causes of ARO in eight Indian patients with early postnatal onset and the typical ...
Geier, David - - 2010
Background & objectives: The US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) reports that mercury (Hg) is a known endocrine disruptor and it adversely affects the steroid synthesis pathway in animals and humans, and may interact to enhance the risk for a child developing premature puberty. An association between ...
Vaishnavi, Chetana - - 2010
Clostridium difficile is the major aetiological agent of antibiotic associated diarrhoea and colitis. The majority of hospitalized patients infected by C. difficile are asymptomatic carriers who serve as silent reservoirs for continued C. difficile contamination of the hospital environment. C. difficile associated disease (CDAD) is a serious condition with mortality ...
Schwartz, Erin - - 2010
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