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Lowe, James - - 2009
Watson, Diane - - 2009
Starzomski, Rosalie - - 2009
Beliveau, Lee - - 2009
Allen, Dorothy - - 2009
Yang, Charlie - - 2009
Health care organizations must respond quickly to today's volatile and changing environment. This article describes how St. Michael's Hospital (acute care hospital) and the Drs. Paul and John Rekai Centre (long-term care facility) collaborated to use an innovative approach to address pressures of change affecting peritoneal dialysis (PD) care delivery ...
Wilson, Barbara - - 2009
The native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the "gold standard" for hemodialysis (HD) vascular access. Unfortunately, AVFs can develop complications including inadequate maturation, cannulation difficulties and needle infiltration. In an effort to increase successful cannulations, decrease complications and subsequent central venous catheter (CVC) use, our centre introduced single-needle (SN) dialysis in ...
Ridley, Jane - - 2009
There is a lack of precision and clarity in the terms used to describe chronic kidney disease (CKD). Inconsistent terminology is confusing for both practitioners and patients. The purpose of this article is to review and examine various terms used to label CKD and to propose an evidence-based recommendation to ...
- - 2009
Baker, Jan - - 2009
Suthindhiran, K. - - 2009
Problem statement: Although the diversity of marine Actinobacteria have been studied and biotechnologically exploited throughout the world, the studies on marine actinobacteria in Indian peninsula are largely unexplored. Of 9 maritime states in India, only 4 states have been extensively studied for the diversity of actinobacteria. Further, the studies on ...
Ravada, Suryachandra - - 2009
Problem statement: Co[Q.sub.10] is a key compound in ATP synthesis having wide number of health application especially for treating humans suffering from pathophysiological condition. The Co[Q.sub.10] presently available in the market is solely derived from fermentation process. A commercially viable synthetic process is yet to be realized. Approach: The researchers ...
Kamatchi, C. - - 2009
Problem statement: An increased resistance to antibiotics has been reported in Klebsiella pneumoniae, an opportunistic gram negative pathogen belonging to Entrobacteraceae due to the evolution and spread of plasmid encoded extended spectrum beta lactamases and other genes conferring cross-resistance to other antibiotics. This is of concern due to the increasing ...
Krishnaraju, Alluri - - 2009
Problem statement: Anti-inflammatory agents, particularly steroids and cyclooxygenase inhibitors are often associated with adverse side effects including, GI irritation, ulcers, hypertension and cardiac abnormalities. A safe and effective intervention is essential for the treatment of inflammatory disorders. Approach: Abstract Vitex leucoxylon L., a medicinal plant of the verbenaceae family, used ...
Krishnaraju, Alluri - - 2009
Problem statement: Free radical stress leads to tissue injury and progression of disease conditions such as arthritis, hemorrhagic shock, atherosclerosis, diabetes, hepatic injury, aging and ischemia, reperfusion injury of many tissues, gastritis, tumor promotion, neurodegenerative diseases and carcinogenesis. Safer antioxidants suitable for long term use are needed to prevent or ...
Himabindu, M. - - 2009
Problem statement: To investigate coagulase gene variants through Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) amongst clinical isolates of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) collected from Chennai based hospitals. Approach: A total of 85 MRSA clinical isolates collected from various clinical sources were studied for the molecular typing purpose. To perform coagulase gene ...
Raja, Subramaniya - - 2009
Problem statement: Enteropathogenic Escherichia Coli (EPEC) continue to be a major health problem, leading to death due to diarrhea, predominantly in children below the age of five. Due to evolution of multi drug resistance in EPEC and side effects caused to host by antibiotics necessitated a search for alternative medicines ...
Acharya, Hari - - 2009
Problem statement: The medicinal value of opium poppy (2n = 22, Papaver somniferum L.) is due to presence of more than two dozen alkaloids. The genetic origin and diversity of cultivars used in the breeding collection is not fully known. To evaluate the genetic diversity of the 24 germplasm currently ...
Sharma, Ruchi - - 2009
Problem statement: Recombinant-based approaches are mostly focused on genetic modification of allergens to produce molecules with reduced allergenic activity and conserved antigenicity, such as hypoallergens. Recombinant allergens represent promising tools for diagnosis and therapy of type I allergy. This approach was probably feasible with every allergen with known amino acid ...
Nair, Madhavan - - 2009
Problem statement: Flavonoids and related polyphenols, have been known to possess cardioprotective, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-viral activities. Previous studies have shown that flavonoid, quercetin significantly downregulates expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in cultured cells via modulation of NF[kappa]B and p38MAPK signaling pathways. In the current study, we hypothesize that quercetin ...
Salma, Pathan - - 2009
Problem statement: The function of a protein is dependent on its three-dimensional structure. However, numerous proteins lacking intrinsic globular 3D structure under physiological conditions had been recognized. These proteins are frequently involved in some of the most critical cellular control mechanisms and it appears that their rapid turnover, aided by ...
Umathe, Sudhir - - 2009
Problem statement: Quercetin-a common bioflavonoid, is present in herbal preparations consumed by diabetic patients along with routine anti-diabetic agents. We recently showed that quercetin increases the bioavailability of pioglitazone in non-diabetic rats. Thus, present study investigated whether this pharmacokinetic interaction is also evident in diabetic animals, especially because diabetic subjects ...
Kumar, Prasant - - 2009
Problem statement: Gastrointestinal disorders mainly diarrhea is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality among infants and children in the developing countries occurs due to infection by enteropathogens. Ccontrol of these pathogens could be achieved by nonpathogenic Escherichia coli producing bacteriocins. Approach: Primary aim of this study was to ...
Choudhary, Parul - - 2009
Problem statement: Population studies indicate that individuals who regularly consume nuts have reduced risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The beneficial role of almonds has been established with respect to serum lipid profile however, its beneficial effects on glycemia is still to be established. Aim of the study was to ...
Mahapatra, B. - - 2009
Problem statement: Researchers have demonstrated that epistaxis is more often encountered in patients having blood group O probably due to lower expression of von Willebrand factor. We had taken up this study to find out if there is any definite relationship between the blood groups with the bleeding time and ...
Bhatt, Niraj - - 2009
Problem statement: Poor glycemic control and oxidative stress is implicated as a common pathway in the development of diabetic neuropathy. Approach: In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of Enicostemma littorale Blume (EL) (2.5 g [kg.sup.-1]), a hypoglycemic and antioxidant herbal medicine in alloxan-induced diabetic neuropathy in male ...
Hanane, Negaoui - - 2009
Problem statement: Cow's Milk Allergy (CMA) is a common disease in childhood. Pathophysiological mechanisms involved in gastrointestinal symptoms are relatively poorly understood. Approach: Therefore, an experimental model of intestinal anaphylaxis was needed to approach the problem. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the parenteral sensitization ...
Qicai, Liu - - 2009
Problem statement: More and more severe hepatitis cases reported in China are infected with HBV and the immune response of HBV will be reduced if mutations occur in the TCR, therefore it is very important to investigate the relation of T-cellular function and clinical effect by studying the function of ...
Alipour, Hamid - - 2009
Problem statement: Economic development is a process through which scientific-technical production principles change from a traditional status to a modern one. Development is an important event that not only encompasses the government duties, but alters the regional statesmen to be active elements in the development as well. Along the same ...
Ravipolsadtanan, Phiphaporn - - 2009
Problem statement: Thai people favored to eat sweet wild trees (Phak Whan Pa). The wild trees naturally grew quite slowly in the forests. Their leaves, eaten as vegetables, could not meet market demand nationwide. Seedling was difficult and people were not interested in planting them. Support from government and/or public ...
Schaefer, Donald - - 2009
Problem statement: This study examined foreign aid as administered by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) through four presidencies, beginning with the Reagan era. Aid dispensed to the Peace Corps for humanitarian purposes was the major focus of the investigation. The research proposed that such aid should continue under ...
Kongsat, Surapong - - 2009
Problem statement: An integrated water resource management is accepted technique to solve the water resource problems both water shortage and flood plane in order to improve human life. The combination between local wisdom and modern technology by farmer participation is a main part of integrated management. The mentioned techniques had ...
Lotfi, Sedigheh - - 2009
Problem Statement: Researches of quality of life are concentrated mainly on the urban nature in the recent years and the urban quality of life gained many attentions in empirical studies. The concept of urban quality of life is a multi-dimensional and complex issue. So, needless to say that this concept ...
Seddigi, Zaki - - 2009
Problem statement: Personality considerations have become increasingly important in recent years, but studies involving the personality characteristics of engineers have been scarcely reported. Engineers today are expected to have a broader range of skills than in the recent past because users are now equally concerned with the technical as well ...
Ubonlert, Worawan - - 2009
Problem statement: In a historical study of the ancient communities in the area of Thung Kula, it was revealed that there are important resources including rice, fish, salt and iron. Salt is used in making fermented fish (known locally as Pla Daek), a culinary culture which has been prevalent in ...
Idris, Izian - - 2009
Problem statement: Advertising is a multidimensional phenomenon that has been studied in several disciplines. It is one of the most fascinating phenomena in modern capitalist markets. It is pervasive, perplexing, multidimensional and unfathomably rich. The effectiveness of advertising depends on both the quality of the product being advertised and the ...
Hassan, Aminuddin - - 2009
Problem statement: Since emotional intelligence is still not wholly-accepted despite evidences of its powerful influence in general setting, this study is therefore conducted to identify the emotional intelligence level among school students in rural areas, relationships between emotional intelligence and anxiety, as well as relationships between emotional intelligence and academic ...
Kazu, Ibrahim - - 2009
Problem statement: It is of great importance that individuals actively participate in the learning process; that, starting from the early ages, their awareness be raised about the efficiency of the learning styles in developing their academic success and self-confidence; and that the learning styles they have be determined. For this ...
Theodoropoulou, Helen - - 2009
Problem statement: Demographic changes have increased the social and cultural diversity of tourist areas with historical heritage and natural beauty in Greece, causing an expansion in the cultural and economic horizons of local people and producing at the same time conflicts in their interests, values and lifestyles. This research was ...
- - 2009
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