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Young, Robert - - 2008
* The histopathology of testicular tumors is presented, emphasizing new, unusual, or underemphasized aspects. Within the category of seminoma of the usual type, the recent literature has drawn attention to the presence in occasional tumors of solid or hollow tubules or spaces of varying sizes and shape that may result ...
Faquin, William - - 2008
* Nodules of the thyroid gland are frequently encountered, occurring in up to 7% of the population, and although most of these nodules are benign, carcinomas of the thyroid gland are the most common malignancy of the endocrine system. Although the different types of thyroid carcinoma are few, a wide ...
Kradin, Richard - - 2008
* Diagnosing the range of pulmonary disorders caused by Aspergillus spp can be challenging. In instances of hypersensitivity responses to Aspergillus spp (ie, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, bronchocentric granulomatosis, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis), the surgical pathologist must be cognizant of their relationship to infection, as fungal organisms may be rare or absent ...
Taheri, Zohreh - - 2008
* Context.--The differentiation of benign mesothelial proliferations from malignant mesotheliomas may be difficult, especially when evaluating small specimens from pleural biopsies.
Mark, Eugene - - 2008
Shirt-sleeve magnification (holding a slide over a white sleeve) and low-power magnification serve as useful adjuncts in the general categorization of noninfectious medical lung disease. This article divides medical lung disease into chronic and acute, where the temporality is determined first by clinical circumstances and then confirmed by histopathology. The ...
Toledo, Gemma - - 2008
Smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) are the most frequent mesenchymal tumors of the uterus. The majority of the uterine SMTs are readily classificable as benign or malignant based on their gross and microscopic appearances. However, when unusual features are seen in some leiomyoma variants, the differential diagnosis with a leiomyosarcoma may ...
Hasserjian, Robert - - 2008
Examination of the bone marrow poses several unique challenges to the pathologist: it is a semisolid organ without helpful gross correlation, it exists in a dynamic state with the peripheral blood and other organs of the lymphohemopoietic system, and the diagnosis of diseases affecting bone marrow often depends heavily on ...
Roberts, Drucilla - - 2008
Placental pathology continues to be an underutilized, undertaught, and inadequately handled surgical subspecialty. The requests for placental pathology are soaring, due partly to demands from obstetricians and to the litigious environment in which they practice, and to improved obstetrical care leading to pregnancies in medically challenging situations. Evaluation of the ...
Rosenberg, Andrew - - 2008
One of the most common and important pitfalls in soft tissue pathology are the so-called pseudosarcomas. These lesions are nonneoplastic; however, their rapid growth, hypercellularity, cytologic atypia, and mitotic activity makes them prone to be misinterpreted as sarcoma. The most common of these lesions are fibroblastic/myofibroblastic and matrix-forming proliferations, including ...
Chan, Charles - - 2008
Context.--Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), common in southern China and North Africa, has a complex etiology involving interplay between viral, environmental, and hereditary factors and is almost constantly associated with the Epstein-Barr virus. Since the prognosis of locally advanced and metastatic diseases is poor, increased understanding of the pathogenesis of NPC would ...
Adeyi, Oyedele - - 2008
Transplant patients on immunosuppression represent a risk group for opportunistic infections, including adenoviral infections. The clinical and histopathologic findings of posttransplant adenoviral enteropathy in 3 adult intestinal transplant patients are described. The histopathologic pitfalls for the differential diagnosis between intestinal adenoviral enteropathy and acute rejection are discussed. Adenoviral enteropathy is ...
White, Beverly - - 2008
Synovial sarcomas most commonly arise in the soft tissue of the extremities. Less commonly, these tumors present in the head and neck, abdominal wall, and other sites. However, synovial sarcoma occurring in the vulvar area is extremely rare. Only 2 previous cases of biphasic synovial sarcoma of the vulva have ...
Crowson, A. - - 2008
* Interface dermatitis can be classified based upon the cell type that dominates the infiltrate (ie, neutrophilic, lymphocytic, or lymphohistiocytic) or by the intensity of the interface inflammation. Regarding lymphocytic interface dermatitis, there are 2 broad categories: cell-poor interface dermatitis, when only a sparse infiltrate of inflammatory cells is present ...
Park, Do - - 2008
* Gastric polyps can be broadly defined as luminal lesions projecting above the plane of the mucosal surface. They are relatively frequent in routine pathology practice, where the main goal is to rule out the possibility of malignancy. Various subtypes of gastric polyps are recognized and generally divided into nonneoplastic ...
Lerwill, Melinda - - 2008
* Flat epithelial atypia is a presumably neoplastic alteration of terminal duct-lobular units that is characterized by the replacement of the native luminal epithelium by ductal cells demonstrating low-grade cytologic atypia. The atypical cells maintain a "flat" pattern of growth without evidence of architectural atypicality. Morphologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular investigations ...
Herath, Chaturika Harshini - - 2008
* This article provides an overview of the pathology of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoepithelioma-like gastric carcinoma, highlighting its unique morphology and clinical features. Lymphoepithelioma-like gastric carcinoma is a rare neoplasm of the stomach with a better prognosis than conventional adenocarcinoma. Most lymphoepithelioma-like gastric carcinomas are associated with EBV infection, while ...
Reyes, Christine - - 2008
Context.--Newborns are often screened prior to discharge for hyperbilirubinemia. Transcutaneous bilirubin analyzers, such as the BiliChek, are promoted as screening tools, but it is unclear whether they also function well as monitoring devices. Newborns on home phototherapy require frequent determinations of serum bilirubin levels to monitor therapy effects. A transcutaneous ...
Ferry, Judith - - 2008
Lymphomas arising in extranodal sites are intriguing. The types of lymphomas encountered vary widely from one extranodal site to another. For many types of extranodal lymphomas, there are distinctive clinicopathologic features, sometimes including association with an underlying immunodeficiency syndrome, autoimmune disease, infection, or other immunologic disorder, or a predilection to ...
Boyanton, Bobby L., - - 2008
Context.--The incidence of infections due to diverse Candida species is increasing, with correspondingly different antifungal susceptibility patterns. Routine yeast identification methods cause significant delays in appropriate patient management.
Nauck, Matthias - - 2008
* Context.--Closed sample tubes are needed for stored as well as in-process samples because evaporation significantly changes analyte concentrations. In modern laboratories, it is essential that the procedures for ordering tests on stored serum samples be simple and time-efficient. Therefore, recapping and reopening of tubes should be readily possible in ...
Mirvis, Stuart - - 2008
Dallessio, Kathleen - - 2008
Martinez, Felipe - - 2008
Banks, Kevin - - 2008
Golding, R.M. - - 2008
Following a twisting strain with immediate pain in the neck of a polymyositis patient we detail the analysis of a specific range of data gathered before and after the event. The results reinforce that in this case that the creatine kinase isoenzyme and cardiac Troponin T cannot be used as ...
Abdulamir, A.S. - - 2008
This study was carried out for evaluating the interplay of p53, p21 and Ki-67 proteins along the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma oncogenic transformation sequel. Therefore, Fifty colorectal cancer and 14 adenoma patients were involved. The histopathological expression of p53, p21 and Ki-67 proteins was evaluated by immunohistochemistry assay. The results revealed that ...
- - 2008
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