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Tuvim, Yuri - - 2012
Danehower, Chester - - 2012
Graves, James - - 2012
Peraino, Robert - - 2012
Grant, Lyle - - 2012
In abstraction, or conceptual behavior, people discriminate features or properties of their surroundings. This permits people to respond selectively and precisely to specialized features of their environment, which has had many benefits, including steady advances in science and technology. Within psychology, J. R. Kantor and B. F. Skinner maintained that ...
Zentall, Thomas - - 2012
If judiciously applied, cognitive terminology can encourage further examination of phenomena in useful ways that may not otherwise be studied. I give examples of 3 phenomena, the study of which have benefitted from a cognitive perspective. For the first, transitive inference behavior, it appears that non-cognitive accounts cannot satisfactorily account ...
Harrison, Justin - - 2012
Temporal discounting rates have become a popular dependent variable in social science research. While choice procedures are commonly employed to measure discounting rates, equivalent present value (EPV) procedures may be more sensitive to experimental manipulation. However, their use has been impeded by the absence of test retest reliability data. Staff ...
Walker, Jennifer - - 2012
Previous research has found that swim stress during a classical conditioning trial attenuates conditioned taste aversion (CTA). In the current study, rats were used to examine the effects of inescapable swim stress on the habituation of neophobia to a flavored solution and reacquisition of an extinguished conditioned taste aversion. In ...
Fields, Lanny - - 2012
Joint stimulus control occurs when responding is determined by the correspondence of elements of a complex sample and a complex comparison stimulus. In academic settings, joint stimulus control of behavior would be evidenced by the selection of an accurate description of a complex graph in which each element of a ...
Nicholson, Emma - - 2012
A greater understanding of implicit cognition can provide important information regarding the etiology and maintenance of psychological disorders. The current study sought to determine the utility of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) as a measure of implicit aversive bias toward spiders in two groups of known variation, high fear ...
Arntzen, Erik - - 2012
Reaction time (RT), thought to be important for acquiring a full understanding of the establishment of equivalence classes, has been reported in a number of studies within the area of stimulus equivalence research. In this study, we trained 3 classes of potentially 3 members, with arbitrary stimuli in a one-to-many ...
McGinty, Jenny - - 2012
A small-group, web-interactive approach to teaching precalculus concepts was investigated. Following an online pretest, 3 participants were given a brief (15 min) presentation on the details of reciprocal math relations and how they operate on the coordinate axes. During baseline, participants were tested regarding their ability to construct formulas for ...
Gokhan, Nurper - - 2012
The present investigation evaluated the role of verbal exchanges between parent and child (intraverbal exchanges) in relation to two contemporary measurements of the parent child relationship, mutual responsive orientation (MRO) and synchrony. Data were collected from 30 mother--preschool child dyads (19 girls, 11 boys) during a laboratory assessment. Rates of ...
Carp, Charlotte - - 2012
Perez-Gonzalez, Herszlikowicz, and Williams (2008) demonstrated the emergence of novel intraverbal responses following the training of several intraverbals. The present study replicated and extended that study by separating two training conditions that were combined in the previous study. Nine typically developing children ages 6-7 years were first taught A B ...
Melina, Rivard - - 2012
The scope of this study was direct observation of verbal behaviors of 14 children with autism spectrum disorders at the onset of an early behavioral intervention (EBI) program delivered in a public services agency. Objectives were to (1) describe frequencies of vocal, verbal, and listener behaviors; (2) evaluate the relationship ...
Myers, Carole - - 2012
Davis, Wilhelmina - - 2012
Conley, Brittany - - 2012
Dickens, Larry - - 2012
Patterson, Lena - - 2012
Young, Somer - - 2012
Fair, David - - 2012
Hixson, Ronald - - 2012
Eliot, Eve - - 2012
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