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Jaksch, Frank - - 2012
Czap, Al - - 2012
Soukup, Paul - - 2012
McDonnell, Jim - - 2012
Cohen, Yoel - - 2012
Rezsutek, Michael - - 2012
We measured ingestion by Attwater's pocket gopher (Geomys attwateri) in the coastal prairie of Texas by placing feeding chambers in their tunnels. We constructed a nutrient budget from ingestion, species of plants eaten, and nutrient content of these plants, and we compared it to that for the hispid cotton rat ...
Conard, Jonathan - - 2012
Selection of forage by wildlife may drive habitat selection and influence rates of survival and reproduction. To understand patterns in use of forage by elk (Cervus elaphus) in a tallgrass prairie, we collected groups of fecal pellets during 2005-2007 and determined patterns of use based on stable-isotope ratios of carbon ...
Burke, Russell - - 2012
We investigated the importance of size, loss of tail, and running speed of banded geckos (Coleonyx variegatus) in encounters with a predatory snake (Hypsiglena chlorophaea) in experimental arenas. We discovered, contrary to previously reported results and our own hypotheses based on observations in the field, that none of these factors ...
Blount, Seafha - - 2012
To assess response of Mount Graham red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis) to postfire conditions, we monitored size of home ranges and core areas and characteristics of vegetation at middens in an area of low-intensity burn. For a larger-scale assessment, we monitored mountain-wide occupancy of middens. Although red squirrels selected unburned ...
Pasenko, Michael - - 2012
A collection of large mammals was recovered from Pleistocene sediments in the Prescott Valley, Yavapai County, Arizona, during an excavation in 1984. We described specimens of Mammuthus cf. columbi, Equus cf. conversidens, Camelops, and Bison from this locality. These are the first reported occurrences of E. conversidens and Camelops in ...
Iverson, John - - 2012
We studied bullsnakes (Pituophis catenifer sayi) in the Sandhills of Nebraska. Females matured at ca. 90-cm snout-vent length after two seasons (ca. 33 months old), ovulated in early June, and oviposited in mid-June-early July. Frequently, females did not reproduce each year. The proportion reproducing was a function of size of ...
Wood, M. - - 2012
Objectives were to determine number and height of sprouts and seedlings following clearcutting of a mesa dominated by pinyon pines (Pinus edulis) and alligator junipers (Juniperus deppeana) in southwestern New Mexico and to determine effects of prescribed burning for control of sprouts and seedlings. No stump of pinyon pine sprouted. ...
Dzul, Maria - - 2012
We assessed four potential sources of error in estimating size of the population of Devils Hole pupfish (Cyprinodon diabolis): net, time of day, diver, and order of diver. Experimental dives (3/day) were conducted during 4 days in July 2009. Effects of the four sources of error on estimates from dive ...
Eifler, Douglas - - 2012
The Texas horned lizard, Phrynosoma cornutum, feeds primarily on harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex) across much of its range. We quantified behavior of P. cornutum foraging on Pogonomyrmex relative to habitat and time. For the duration of their morning activity, 14 lizards were observed; we determined their use of habitat and location ...
Kozma, Jeffrey - - 2012
We used mist nets to survey small migrant and resident birds of scrub habitats in arroyos and adjacent uplands of the northern Chihuahuan Desert during late February-early May 1993-1997. We captured 723 individuals of 49 species. Species diversity was greater in arroyos than in adjacent uplands. Black-throated sparrows (Amphispiza bilineata), ...
Moczygemba, Jonathan - - 2012
Information related to home ranges of the nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus) was needed to estimate spread of cattle-fever ticks (Riphicephalus microplus and R. annulatus) and to develop management protocols. We captured, placed telemetry collars on, and monitored 10 male and 12 female nilgai antelopes during February 2006--May 2008. We detected ...
Marshal, Jason - - 2012
We studied use of habitats and diets of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and feral asses (Equus asinus) by comparing vegetation (i.e., normalized-difference-vegetation index, normalized-difference-vegetation-index rate), elevation, slope, and distances to water-catchments, roads, rivers and canals, and washes used by each species. Distribution was similar with respect to distances to roads, ...
Harms, Nathan - - 2012
The wetland plant Ludwigia peploides (floating primrose-willow) often is problematic in the southern USA, as well as elsewhere in its introduced range. Surveys to identify potential herbivorous insects to use as biological controls have focused on South America, but implementing a management program with foreign insects in the USA is ...
Blinn, Dean - - 2012
Fragmentation of habitats and distance between drainages in the semi-arid Lower Colorado River Basin has contributed to development of disjunct populations of caddisflies in the region. Caddisflies in streams cluster into discrete regional assemblages in the basin with significantly different assemblages. Distances between drainages in Arizona will likely increase genetic ...
Charre-Medellin, Juan - - 2012
We report the first record of the jaguarundi {Puma yagouaroundi) in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico. This record expands the distribution of this species by 117 km to the west into the Mexican Central Plateau and increases the number of species of felids reported in Guanajuato to five.
Czaplewski, Nicholas - - 2012
Three new records of late Pleistocene fossil peccaries come from localities in western Oklahoma and improve on the only previous record from the state. Isolated occurrences of partial jaws at Rush Creek, Grady County, and south of Yukon, Canadian County, represent the flat-headed peccary, Platygonus compressus. An assemblage with three ...
Williams, Wyatt - - 2012
We initially observed native stem-boring beetles (Amphicerus bicaudatus) feeding on stems of invasive tamarisks (Tamarix) at Bonny State Park, Yuma County, in eastern Colorado. At 11 sites in Colorado, Nebraska, and Kansas, we examined tamarisks and the most common co-occurring native tree, eastern cottonwoods (Populus deltoides), for the occurrence of ...
Ramirez-Albores, Jorge - - 2012
In total, 14 new records of birds are reported from coniferous forests and other habitats in the municipality of Nanacamilpa, Tlaxcala, Mexico. These additional records reinforce the supposition that the region is important with respect to conservation of avian diversity in Mexico.
Mora, Jose - - 2012
The big red bat, Lasiurus egregius, was known from only four localities in Panama, French Guiana, and Brazil. I report a fifth locality from eastern Honduras, extending the known range >1,200 km to the northwest, well into Central America. On 9 May 1998, I captured one male and one female ...
Gedeon, Csongor - - 2012
Aboveground mounds and underground burrows are multifunctional and influence behavior and habitat of Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni). Four colonies were studied June-September 2004 to examine function of mounds with respect to vigilance for predators, and to estimate magnitude of soil mixed by these prairie dogs. Frequency of vigilance atop ...
Nalls, Amy - - 2012
The Davis Mountains cottontail, Sylvilagus robustus, is an endemic species of the Trans-Pecos area of Texas. Although S. robustus previously was believed to be extirpated from the Chisos Mountains, we confirmed existence of a population. We examined intrapopulation and interpopulation variation in S. robustus, as well as the genetic relationship ...
Islam, Md. - - 2012
Eosinophilic fasciitis is an uncommon disorder of unknown aetiology and poorly-understood pathogenesis. Since 1974, over 250 cases of eosinophilic fasciitis have been reported worldwide. The first case of eosinophilic fasciitis from Bangladesh is reported here. The challenges of diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up, including family and social support, are discussed.
Kaushik, Jaya - - 2012
Plasmodium vivax is traditionally known to cause benign tertian malaria, although recent reports suggest that P. vivax can also cause severe life-threatening disease analogous to severe infection due to P. falciparum. There are limited published data on the clinical and epidemiological profiles of children suffering from 'severe malaria' in an ...
Datta, Subhransu - - 2012
On 13 May 2010, a cluster of diarrhoeal disease cases was reported among the inmates of a shelter-home for mentally-retarded females in Parbaksi village of Howrah district in West Bengal, India. The outbreak was investigated to identify the aetiological agent and source of infection and to propose recommendations. A suspected ...
Ahmed, Syed - - 2012
In Bangladesh, the National Drug Policy (NDP) 1982 was instrumental in improving the supply of essential drugs of quality at an affordable price, especially in the early years. However, over time, evidence showed that the situation deteriorated in terms of both availability of essential drugs and their rational use. The ...
Singh, N. - - 2012
Among the three major components of a closed birth interval, waiting time to conception can somehow be managed with effective contraceptives while gestation is universally constant in its duration; the duration of postpartum amenorrhoea (PPA) varies in complex nature. The present study aimed to investigate the proximate factors influencing the ...
Sarkar, Munmun - - 2012
Toxoplasmosis is a well-documented cause of bad obstetric history (BOH) and a major reason of congenitally-acquired infection. The study was conducted to determine the seropositivity of toxoplasmosis in women with BOH, attending the antenatal clinic of the Mamata General Hospital, Khammam, Andhra Pradesh, India. The study subjects included 105 antenatal ...
Sabanayagam, Charumathi - - 2012
Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with mortality in several populations. SES measures, such as education and income, may operate through different pathways. However, the independent effect of each measure mutually adjusting for the effect of other SES measures is not clear. The association between poverty-income ratio (PIR) and education ...
Ghosh, Santanu - - 2012
Globally, alcohol-abuse is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Consumption of alcohol has increased in India in the recent decades. It is imperative to know the patterns of alcohol consumption among different types of consumers to launch a well-planned nationwide programme for the prevention and control of this devastating ...
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