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Edmunds, Janet - - 2011
In Australia, initial exclusive breastfeeding rates are 80%, reducing to 14% at 6 months. One factor that contributes to early breastfeeding cessation is infant tongue-tie, a congenital abnormality occurring in 2.8-10.7% of infants, in which a thickened, tightened or shortened frenulum is present. Tongue-tie is linked to breastfeeding difficulties, speech ...
Berry, Nina - - 2011
Although the advertising of infant and follow-on formula products in Australia is prohibited by the Marketing in Australia of Infant Formulas: Manufacturers and Importers Agreement (1992), toddler milk is advertised without restriction. Recent research suggests that Australian mothers perceive advertisements for toddler milk to also be advertisements for infant formula. ...
Thorley, Virginia - - 2011
Sarilar, Sukran - - 2011
In 2005, a youth consultation and health center has been established by cooperation of Turkish Ministry of Health, UNFPA and UNICEF. Two doctors, 2 psychologists and 1 dietician is serving in our center. In this center, we serve for diagnosis and treatment of adolescents and when needed reference to other ...
Aydemir, Ertugrul - - 2011
Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disease of the pilosebase unit. Although it is not a fatal disease, as it is seen in the young people and cause negative effects on body image perception its importance increase. Etiology is not clear, sebase gland hypertrophy and dysfunction is the genetical base. Hyperseborrhea, ...
Akcakaya, Necla - - 2011
Respiratory tract infections in the adolescent age group are similar to respiratory tract infections in other age groups, except newborns. However, pneumonia in this age group often occur with community acquired pneumonia agents. Pneumococcal (lobar) pneumonia and aytpical pneumonia is seen pnedominantly in adolescents.
Kasapcopur, Ozgur - - 2011
The clinical course and symptoms of connective tissue diseases in adolescence is different from the other childhood periods. Both diseases and clinical courses of diseases show significant variations in this period. In this article, it is intended to review connective tissue diseases that can be seen in the adolescence.
Dansuk, Ramazan - - 2011
Humans have forty-six chromosomes, including two sex chromosomes, XX in females and XY in males. A gene in the sex- determining region of the short arm of the Y, now referred to as SRY, has been found to direct production TDF, inducing differentiation of cells derived from the genital ridges ...
Gokaslan, Husnu - - 2011
The adnexal masses in adolescents contain functional and physiologic cystic formations on one end of the spectrum, and serious malignant tumors on the other end. The primary approach should be expectant management for the cysts which are thought to be benign in this spectrum. The most common malignant tumors in ...
Iyibozkurt, Cem - - 2011
The menstrual cycle is a complex series of events, especially prone to outside factors during the adolescent period due to the incomplete maturation of hypothalamo-hypophysio-ovarian axis. Both over- and undernutrition may adversely affect the menstrual cycle. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and the female athlete triad are the main causes of ...
Dundar, Bumin - - 2011
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is defined as abnormal uterine bleeding in the absence of demonstrable structural or organic pathology. Bleeding occurs frequently or irregularly, lasts longer, or is heavier. DUB is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding during a woman's reproductive years and occurs most commonly at the ...
Evliyaoglu, Olcay - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a multi-factorial heterogenous disorder characterized by chronic an ovulation and hyperandrogenism. Diagnosis is based on clinical or laboratory evidence of hyperandrogenism. For diagnosis at least two of the three Rotterdam criteria (oligo/anovulation, clinical or biochemical signs of hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries) should be ensured. Clinical symptoms usually ...
Oral, Engin - - 2011
Primary Amenorrhea is defined as the absence of menses at age 16 when secondary sexual characteristics are present or absence of menses at age 14 when secondary sexual characteristics are not present. The prevalence of the condition at age 14 is 0.1-2.5% and the prevalence at age 16 is 1-5%. ...
Aycan, Zehra - - 2011
Puberty is a quite important phase in the physical and psychosocical development of the adolescent. The timing of puberty is variable and is dependent on several factors including ethnic group, nutrition and genetic factors. It may commence from 8 years of age in girls and 9 years in boys and ...
Siklar, Zeynep - - 2011
Breast disorders in adolescents constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions, and usually include benign lesions. Developmental disorders such as asimetry, amastia, amasia, athelia, polythelia; juvenil hyperthrophy, inflammatory disorders (mastitis, nipple discharge, breast abcess), and mass lesions can be seen in the adolescent age group. Fibroadenoma is the most common lesion ...
Cinaz, Peyami - - 2011
Pubertal gynecomastia is benign type of breast enlargement of males during puberty. This entity is seen in 70% of boys in the pubertal period. No underlying pathology is identified in most of the cases. Regular follow-up examinations of the patients are warranted since gynecomastia resolves spontaneously during the puberty. Few ...
Bundak, Ruveyde - - 2011
The most majority of cases of Diabetes Mellitus fall into two broad etiopathogenetic categories (Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes). In Type 1 Diabetes, the cause is an absolute deficiency of insulin secretion. In Type 2 diabetes, the cause is a combination of resistance to insulin action and an inadequate ...
Cokugras, Fugen - - 2011
There are two main types of chronic inflamatory bowel diseases: crohn's disease affecting the whole gastrointestinal system from oral cavity to rectum and ulcerative colitis affecting only the colon. A third group of such diseases consist of indeterminated colitis. Chronic inflomatory bowel disesases emerge by means of triggering factors on ...
Yildiz, Inci - - 2011
Great progresses were achieved in chilhood cancers in the last 30-40 years and high survival rates are obtained. Cancer in adolescents have special features and survival rates. This is because of adolescent's physical status and psychological needs. More adolescents are diagnoseed with cancer in comparison to children. The overall survival ...
Aydingoz, Onder - - 2011
Adolescent's idiopathic scoliosis, Scheuermann kyphosis, spondylolysis and spondylolistesis are the most common spine problems of adolescence which needs orthopaedic treatment and follow-up.
Kutlu, Tufan - - 2011
Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. Use of probiotics has been shown to be effective in treating acute viral gastroenteritis and preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children. There is some evidence that probiotics prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth ...
Ercan, Oya - - 2011
The skeleton undergoes rapid change with respect to growth, modeling and remodeling processes in adolescence. Consequently, the effects of factors that affect bone health positively or negatively can be greater. Between 40% and 60% of, peak bone mass which serves as the bone bank for life, is accrued during adolescence. ...
Erkan, Tulay - - 2011
Adolescence is an important period, being the period of most rapid growth and development and covering the transition from childhood to adulthood. Physical changes change the body's nutritional needs in this period. Energy, protein, vitamins and minerals needs increase, as well as appetite. During this period there is a change ...
Yildiz, Safinaz - - 2011
It is known that in early ages the participation of children and adolescents in sports have increased. However in western countries, the application to emergency units in hospitals have also increased for 19 and under 19 aged children. It is known that the economic loss have increased due to higher ...
Bayraktar, Bulent - - 2011
As a result of the decrease in the age of starting doing sports and competition, the frequency and the variety of the athletic injuries in the childhood and adolescence have increased. The results of the similar traumas in the adulthood and adolescence are different from each other. While the rapid ...
Camcioglu, Yildiz - - 2011
Recent recommendations from Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Academy of Family Physicians (AFM) and the American Medical Association (AMA) for vaccination of adolescents are based on current information about each vaccine. They suggest integration of vaccines recommended for children 11 and ...
Sozen, Sevki - - 2011
Adolescence is defined as the period of transition from childhood to adulthood in terms of physical, sexual, cognitive and psychosocial development. Adolescence period can be investigated in three phases which are early adolescence, middle adolescence and late adolescence. Physical and mental maturity is reached in late adolescence and the sexual ...
Alikasifoglu, Mujgan - - 2011
Peer abuse is commonly seen as bullying behaviors. The most common definition of bullying used in the literature was formulated by Dan Olweus. According to Olweus, bullying is an aggressive behavior that: (a) is intended to cause harm or distress, (b) occurs repeatedly over time, and (c) occurs in a ...
Ozmen, Mine - - 2011
Distinct from children, adolescents can understand the abstract meanings of illness and death. Besides what they have to achieve developmentally, they have to handle the burden of the illness and the treatment process. They may fail to obtain the expected independence and the physical aspects, which are very important to ...
Dogangun, Burak - - 2011
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is characterized by excessive overactiviy, inattention and impulsiveness. It is reported that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder affects 5-12% of children worldwide. It has significant negative effects on psychological and social development and academic functioning of the children if it remains untreated. The etiology of attention deficit ...
Demir, Turkay - - 2011
Adolescents' media use has some phase specific properties in terms of both quality and quantity. As it appears at the present day, the use of media by adolescents is in the form of multimedia. Studies about the duration and amount of media use showed that adolescents spent a significant amount ...
Erdem, Cenk - - 2011
Famous Greek Philosopher Plato states that young people need gymnastics for their bodies and music for their souls in his famous piece "The Republic" and any adult who observes the behaviours of adolescents can see that adolescents spend so much time with music and sports. Lull shows that music functions ...
Ercan, Oya - - 2011
Health Behavior in School-aged Children Study (HBSC) was conducted in five European countries in 1983/1984 for the first time. It is a WHO collaborative cross-sectional study which involves a wide network of multinational researchers. It is repeated every four years. Forty three countries including Turkey participated in the 2009/2010 study. ...
Bulgun, Mahi - - 2011
Adolescents might face one or more than one disease at a certain period of their lives. Adolescents, are admitted sometimes for treatment of acute diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sometimes to overcome some problems due to chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, chronic kidney disease. In this article, nursing ...
Pehlivan, Saadet - - 2011
Adoptation and practice of health promoting behaviors by adolescents depends on learning and using proper knowledge. Giving adolescents necessary knowledge and strengthening them by teaching desicion making skills, coping strategies and participation in the community is one of the most important task of nurses. One nurse tasked in our pediatrics ...
Dolgun, Gulumser - - 2011
Nurses have an indispensable role in maintenance and promotion of adolescens' health. Nurses must know the basic principles of appropriate approach to adolescents, should be able to guide the adolescent and family in the promotion and maintenance of health. In this article, general observation principles of adolescent and family, the ...
Alikasifoglu, Mujgan - - 2011
Adolescent friendly health services should be accessible, approachable, acceptable, appropriate and affordable. Health centers are found acceptable, approachable and appropriate by adolescents if they are designed for them and have health professionals with necessary knowledge and skills on special health needs of adolescents. In these health centers, both medical and ...
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