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Gregory, Ann - - 2010
Parry, Janice - - 2010
Millar, Katherine - - 2010
Le Boutillier, - - 2010
Social inclusion is a leading concept in mental health practice. Multiple definitions exist and it is often assumed that full participation is required to achieve full inclusion. Challenging this assumption is the notion of 'middle-ground', a personally defined position where an individual feels socially included regardless of his or her ...
Kelly, Mary - - 2010
Background: The philosophy of occupational therapy and that of recovery are markedly similar; however, there is limited research linking occupation to recovery in mental health. Aim: This study aimed to explore the relationship between recovery and occupation in consumers with mental health problems.
Hutcheson, Catriona - - 2010
Studies have indicated widespread inactivity in psychiatric wards, although the occupational therapy and mental health journals support the therapeutic benefits of participation in activity. A service evaluation was conducted to explore activity provision and identify gaps in service within a 13-ward psychiatric hospital. The results of the initial exploration were ...
Elliott, Chris - - 2010
Chronic liver disease (CLD) is on the increase worldwide. Occupational therapists are well placed to address many of the symptoms associated with CLD; however, there is a dearth of literature to support this or to define the current working practice of occupational therapists in this clinical area.
Cahill, Mairead - - 2010
Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects people's physical capabilities and the lives of people with MS are constantly changing (Finlayson et al 2005), yet how people adapt to the disease from an occupational perspective has received little attention. This study explored the occupational adaptation of women with MS.
McKay, Elizabeth - - 2010
The lives of women with an enduring mental illness have been little researched within occupational therapy. This study explored the experiences of five women living with enduring mental illness in their communities. The women were interviewed over a 2-year period using the life history method. Data were recorded and transcribed ...
Biamonte, Esteban - - 2010
I present the first confirmed record of the Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis) at Punta Banco, southwestern Costa Rica. An adult male was seen and photographed perched on a twig at the border of a second growth forest tract. This observation extends the geographic distribution of this species from northern Colombia ...
Demongin, Laurent - - 2010
The Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus) breeds only on the Snares Islands, New Zealand, and is vagrant throughout the New Zealand region and southeast Australia. The only previous record outside this area was one in the Falkland Islands in 1988. We report the unusual occurrence of two Snares Penguins in the ...
La Sala, - - 2010
We observed adult Kelp Gulls (Larus dominicanus) capture and eat Olrog's Gull (L. atlanticus) chicks in the Bahfa Blanca estuary, Argentina. This estuary holds the largest breeding colony of Olrog's Gulls. There are no previously published reports of Kelp Gulls capturing and eating Olrog's Gull chicks. Our data support suggestions ...
Peer, Brian - - 2010
I report the first observation of conspecific brood parasitism in the Dickcissel (Spiza americana). I monitored 302 nests during a study of the interactions between parasitic Brown-headed Cowbirds (Molothrus ater) and Dickcissels. This and a possible second case of conspecific brood parasitism may have resulted from females laying in nests ...
Melletti, Mario - - 2010
We report observations of Hooded Crows (Corvus cornix) hanging upside down in the wild, for both playing and harvesting acorns. This behavior was recorded in six different events at the same site (Villa Chigi's urban park in Rome, Italy) and, in two cases, involved two individuals at the same time. ...
Frame, Paul - - 2010
Common Ravens (Corvus corax) are opportunistic generalist foragers. Ravens during winter, in some portions of their range, rely heavily on meat scavenged from carcasses. Ravens use a variety of strategies to find carcasses on the landscape, including keying on audible cues that suggest the presence of a food source. I ...
Jie, Wang - - 2010
The endemic Chinese Grouse (Tetrastes sewerzowi) inhabits subalpine coniferous forests. Little is known about its diet in the breeding season, especially while birds feed on the ground. Analysis of crop contents indicated that willow (Salix spp.) was the primary food of males (>98% wet weight, n = 4), whereas Dragon ...
Pobprasert, Korakoch - - 2010
We found the first documented wild nest of a Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo (Carpococcyx renauldi) at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand in June 2007. The large stick nest was monitored for 24 days including 1095 hrs of video footage; it contained two eggs and was in dense vegetation 4.85 m above ...
Stanback, Mark - - 2010
We investigated the roles of food quality and predator avoidance in shaping foraging behavior of Northern Cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis). Cardinals visited feeders near cover and feeders with sunflower seed significantly more than they visited those in the open and those with commercial wild bird seed mix. Cardinals with a choice ...
Anich, Nicholas - - 2010
Swainson's Warblers (Limnothlypis swainsonii) have been described as terrestrial leaf litter foraging specialists, and are thought to vacate flooded areas entirely. We report Swainson's Warblers occupying a flooded area in Arkansas and foraging on unusual substrates. We observed Swainson's Warblers feeding in novel ways in the tree canopy and on ...
Kanegae, Mieko - - 2010
The Collared Crescentchest (Melanopareia torquata) is an endemic bird of the Cerrado (Family: Melanopareiidae), and is listed in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil as "endangered". We studied the breeding biology of Collared Crescentchest at two nests in the State of Sao Paulo, southeast Brazil. Males were identified genetically and ...
Atterberry-Jones, Megan - - 2010
Red-headed Woodpeckers (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) are one of the most easily recognizable bird species, but little is known about their social system and breeding activity due to their lack of sexual dimorpbism. We observed a dense population of Red-headed Woodpeckers and found evidence of cooperative breeding. The habitat at our site ...
Pichorim, Mauro - - 2010
Little emphasis has been placed on the influence of season and age on morphological measurements of swifts, which makes comparative mensural studies difficult in the Apodidae. This study provides information about the importance of morphological variation in measurements to the biology of the Biscutate Swift (Streptoprocne biscutata). I studied individuals ...
Potvin, Dominique - - 2010
Sex allocation theory predicts that population sex ratios should be generally stable and close to unity, but individuals may benefit by adjusting the sex ratio of their offspring. For example, females paired with attractive males may benefit by overproducing sons relative to daughters, as sons inherit their fathers' attractive ornaments ...
Baldwin, Heather - - 2010
We evaluated home-range size and site tenacity of Le Conte's Sparrows (Ammodramus lecontii) during winter 2002-2003 at Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge, Texas. Twenty-six wintering Le Conte's Sparrows were radiomarked in 1- and 2-year post-burn units, and monitored for ~10 days. Additionally, 1-ha plots on each l-, 2- and 3-year (n ...
Leasure, Douglas - - 2010
We quantified the impact of nesting and roosting House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) on nesting success of Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) in colonies in western Arkansas in 2007 and 2008. Two sections of a large swallow colony under a bridge with House Sparrows were compared in 2007 to two sections with ...
Miller, Karl - - 2010
I used a randomized, replicated, controlled study design to test the hypothesis that nest-site availability limits breeding densities of secondary cavity nesting species in even-age southern pine (Pinus spp.) forests. Breeding densities of secondary cavity nesters increased significantly on treated plots after nest boxes were introduced. Total number of nesting ...
Foster, Charles - - 2010
The migration phenology of six species of coastal birds on Mustang Island, Texas, USA was examined for a 27-year period (1978-2005). First arrival date, last date of departure, and duration of stay were quantified for three winter and three summer residents. These three variables were analyzed for changes over time ...
Vilella, Francisco - - 2010
The Llanos is a significant waterbird site in the Western Hemisphere, but abundance and distribution of waterbirds across this vast region are poorly known, which hampers conservation initiatives. We used point counts along road routes in the Llanos region of Venezuela to examine abundance and distribution of waterbirds during 2000-2002 ...
Schreffler, Lisa - - 2010
Forster's Terns (Sterna forsteri) often forage alone or within mixed- species foraging aggregations. We investigated the relative costs and benefits of these two foraging strategies. Metrics used to assess differences in strategies included the number of attempts for prey (both successful and missed), capture efficiency, and capture rate. Forster's Terns ...
De Moura, Leiliany - - 2010
We recorded fluctuations in a population of Orange-winged Amazon (Amazona amazonica) during 1 year at a roosting site on an island near Belem, Pardi, Brazil. Parrots were counted from a boat by a minimum of three teams of two observers, each team oriented in different directions. Orange-winged Amazons were observed ...
Seewagen, Chad - - 2010
We used quantitative magnetic resonance body composition analysis and radiotelemetry to examine whether fat and lean body mass affected stopover durations of 11 birds captured during autunm migration in New York City, USA. Two Swainson's Thrushes (Catharus ustulatus), two Hermit Thrushes (C. guttatus), and seven Ovenbirds (Seiurus aurocapilla) were used ...
Pappas, Sara - - 2010
We studied the effects of brood parasitism by Brown-headed Cowbirds (Molothrus ater) and other factors on food provisioning rates of Swainson's Warblers (Limnothlypis swainsonii), a secretive and poorly understood species of conservation concern. We used time-lapse video systems to collect provisioning data at 25 nests, nine of which were parasitized ...
Strobel, Brad - - 2010
We collected data on breeding season diet composition of Red-shouldered Hawks (Buteo lineatus) in south Texas and compared these data, and those reported from studies elsewhere to examine large scale spatial variation in prey use in eastern North America. Red-shouldered Hawk diets aligned into two significantly different groups, which appear ...
Marti, Carl - - 2010
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) diets were studied for 15 years in Utah. Ninety-eight percent of 111,016 prey items were mammals, heavily dominated by voles (Microtus spp.). Food-niche breadth (FNB) was 3.33 for the entire sample and varied gradually but significantly among the 15 years and among seasons. Frequency of prey ...
Berardelli, Daniele - - 2010
We examined Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicuaria) reproductive success at 144 nests in urban (n = 80) and grassland (n = 64) habitats in southern New Mexico in 2000 and 2001. Nest success was higher in grassland compared to urban areas (81 vs. 68%) but urban landscapes fledged more young per ...
Kesler, Dylan - - 2010
We present evidence of cooperative breeding in Society Kingfishers (Todiramphus veneratus). Groups of three kingfishers were observed cooperatively excavating nest cavities, incubating, and provisioning young. Three bird groups also comprised half of visual observations recorded during island-wide point transect surveys that occurred during the onset of breeding. Society Kingfisher densities ...
De Mendonca Dantas, Gisele - - 2010
We studied clutch size, hatching and fledging success, and time necessary for chick Kelp Gulls (Larus dominicanus) to leave the nest throughout two breeding seasons (2004 and 2005) on Guararitama Island, Sao Paulo, Brazil. We followed 93 nests in 2004 and 97 nests in 2005. The average ([+ or -] ...
Mumme, Ronald - - 2010
I examined the breeding biology and nesting success of the Slate-throated Whitestart (Myioborus miniatus), a socially monogamous neotropical warbler, for five breeding seasons (2000-2004) in Monteverde, Costa Rica, near the center of its broad geographic range. Nesting was strongly seasonal, extending from late March through the end of June and ...
Nol, Erica - - 2010
Natal philopatry is rare in long-distance migrant shorebirds and requires long-term population studies to detect. We report on the rate of natal philopatry from a 18-year study of Semipalmated Plovers (Charadrius semipalmatus) marked as hatchlings to an arctic breeding site near Churchill, Manitoba. About 2% (27/1271) of banded hatchlings returned ...
Johnson, Matthew - - 2010
We used 8 years of live recapture data (1998-2005) to estimate apparent annual survival for male (n = 237) and female (n = 296) Western Sandpipers (Calidris mauri) breeding on a 36-ha plot on the Yukon-Kuskokwim River Delta, western Alaska. Apparent annual survival ([PHI]) is the product of true survival ...
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