Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1412
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Doughty, Adam - - 2009
Smith, Adam - - 2009
There has been a widely held belief that people with autism spectrum disorders lack empathy. This article examines the empathy imbalance hypothesis (EIH) of autism. According to this account, people with autism have a deficit of cognitive empathy but a surfeit of emotional empathy. The behavioral characteristics of autism might ...
Nogami, Tatsuya - - 2009
The well-established notion that the frequency of self-interested unethical behavior increases among anonymous people was reexamined employing a more strict definition of anonymity, voluntary unethical behavior, and adult individuals. Anonymity was defined as nonassociability of the participant's trails with respect to unethical behavior. The participant's identity and a monetary reward ...
Whelan, Robert - - 2009
The present experiment examined temporal discounting across 3 different age bands: adolescents, adults, and older adults (mean ages 14, 46, and 73 years, respectively). A computerized task was employed in which participants were asked to choose between larger rewards available at a specified time in the future--either [pounds sterling]100 or ...
Gorham, Marie - - 2009
The current study comprised 2 experiments to generate relational responding in typically developing children and children with autism. In Study 1, the children were exposed to a problem-solving task that involved the presentation of 2, 3, or 4 identically sized coins to test and train the arbitrary relations of more ...
O'Toole, Catriona - - 2009
The Implicit Association Test (IAT) examines the differential association of 2 target concepts with 2 attribute concepts. Responding is predicted to be faster on consistent trials, when concepts that are associated in memory share a response key, than on inconsistent trials, when less associated items share a key. In the ...
Wilkinson, Krista - - 2009
We evaluated formation of simple symbolic categories from initial learning of specific dictated word-picture relations through emergence of untaught or derived relations. Participants were 10 individuals with severe intellectual and language limitations. Three experimental categories were constructed, each containing 1 spoken word (Set A), 1 photograph (Set B), and 1 ...
Bauer, Ben - - 2009
Stevens's power law ([PSI][various][[PHI].sup.[beta]]) captures the relationship between physical ([PHI]) and perceived ([PSI]) magnitude for many stimulus continua (e.g., luminance and brightness, weight and heaviness, area and size). The exponent ([beta]) indicates whether perceptual magnitude grows more slowly than physical magnitude ([beta] < 1), directly as physical magnitude ([beta] [approximately ...
Navarick, Douglas - - 2009
Participants repeatedly chose between 25 s of cartoon video followed by 5 s of time-out and 5 s of cartoon video followed by 25 s of time-out. In the first 15 min, participants chose the former schedule on 80% of trials. In the second 15 min, they were instructed to ...
Dodd, Dorthy - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between family leisure involvement and family functioning among families that include children with developmental disabilities. The sample consisted of 144 families (144 parents and 60 youth). Data were analyzed from the parent, youth, and family perspective. The Family Leisure Activity ...
Lepp, Andrew - - 2009
This research used qualitative methods to examine the relationship between leisure and obligation among volunteer tourists on holiday at Kenya's Taita Discovery Center (TDC). At TDC, volunteer tourists spend their days participating in either a wildlife conservation program or a community development program. These programs are largely dependent on volunteer ...
Koca, Canan - - 2009
With the changing roles of women in Turkey, opportunities for leisure-time physical activity experiences appear to be increasing. Focus groups and individual interviews with active Turkish women were analyzed as part of a larger project aimed to examine cultural and social factors that influence Turkish women's participation in LTPA. These ...
Agate, Joel - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between family leisure satisfaction and satisfaction with family life. Zabriskie's Family Leisure Activity Profile was used to measure family leisure satisfaction. The Satisfaction with Family Life Scale was used to measure satisfaction with family life. The sample consisted of 898 ...
Beaton, Anthony - - 2009
This article responds to calls to develop pragmatically relevant theories for studying physically active leisure. Empirical evidence supports a method of operationalizing a stage-based framework capable of stimulating paradigmatic evolution and building a Theory of Participation (TOP). A staging algorithm using involvement facets is tested on two contextually disparate samples: ...
Aslan, Nese - - 2009
Consideration of the importance of shared family leisure activities supporting family bonds and satisfaction leads to the inquiry into the link between the two. In this study of 70 Turkish families, data were analyzed at the parents, youth, and family levels. A family systems theoretical framework was utilized to examine ...
Lee, Soojin - - 2009
Celebrities have become an important source of leisure and recreation for people across the globe. This study conceived celebrity random in terms of leisure involvement, and, following the work of Hubbard and Mannell (2001), we examined its relationship to leisure constraints, constraints negotiation, and frequency of participation among a sample ...
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Sullivan, Meredith - - 2009
Lindsay, Leonard - - 2009
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