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Sawyerr, William Augustus, - - 2009
Likoti, Fako - - 2009
The key ingredient of representative democracy is participatory and contested elections which are perceived to have followed a legitimate procedure that translates votes cast into legislative seats. This mammoth task can only be achieved by an appropriate electoral system. It is through this mechanism that elections are formally structured and ...
Ishiyama, John - - 2009
What if an alternative set of electoral rules had been used to govern elections when an authoritarian regime introduces its first real competitive elections? Would this alter the trajectory of democratic transition, after the introduction of political competition? In this paper, I conduct a set of electoral simulations with different ...
Fontein, Joost - - 2009
Based on fieldwork carried out between June 2005 and July 2006, this paper questions common assertions which suggest that recent 'fast track' land reform in Zimbabwe did not fit with local understandings of land tenure. While fast track land reform was not officially planned as a form of 'land restitution', ...
Peter, Jonathan - - 2009
Liver function test abnormalities are prevalent in patients with HIV, and in particular advanced HIV. (1) Opportunistic infections, drug hepatotoxicity and viral hepatitis co-infections are frequently encountered. (2-4) We present a patient with advanced HIV and abnormal liver function tests in whom the definitive diagnosis of multiple opportunistic infections was ...
Venter, W.D. - - 2009
The rise of novel antiretrovirals (ARVs) has introduced a new evolutionary phase in HIV care. In developed countries, the 1980s and early 1990s were characterised by palliative care and opportunistic infection prophylaxis; the late 1990s by an attempt to use a limited and toxic antiretroviral arsenal effectively while cycling through ...
Esposito, F.M. - - 2009
Background and objectives. An understanding of the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on various aspects of health, including nutritional status, is needed to ensure that population-specific guidelines can be developed for South Africa. This study aimed to investigate the changes in body composition and other anthropometric measures that ...
Clayden, Polly - - 2009
The most effective way to combat paediatric HIV infection is through good management of maternal health and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT). However, by the end of 2007, of an estimated 33.2 million people living with HIV, 2.1 million were children. Of these 90% lived in sub-Saharan Africa and 420 ...
Wood, Robin - - 2009
South Africa has the fourth highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide after China, India and Indonesia and has the highest TB notification rate of any country. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2006 South Africa had 303 114 incident TB cases; of these patients, 32% were tested for ...
Mapham, William - - 2009
The use of mobile phones in South Africa has increased rapidly and they have become more affordable and available to an increasingly wider population. Their widespread availability has given them the potential to revolutionise health care communication and improve health services. Even before the phone became truly mobile, Haynes et ...
Singh, Jerome - - 2009
International guidelines on HIV testing stipulate that only certified persons should perform HIV testing. Current South African policy does not stipulate who may perform an HIV test and is silent on an HIV tester certification process. Despite contradictions in national guidelines and policies on who may perform HIV testing, draft ...
Hall, Vanessa - - 2009
This article locates Carver's stories in the context of discourses of masculinity predominant in American culture during the 1970s and 1980s. During these decades, traditional constructions of masculinity were increasingly questioned, creating spaces for alternative forms of masculinity. This essay also locates a transformation in representations of masculinity in Carver's ...
Kierski, Werner - - 2009
The following research aims to understand men's experiences of the fear of the feminine (FOF). Findings show that men experience multiple fears related to FOF in connection to their masculine gender roles. These fears included ones regarding: relationships, health, life and death, their place in society on the whole and ...
Bartos, Sebastian - - 2009
As Internet usage increases, its ability to provide almost instant connections and to pre-screen potential partners has made it a popular source for meeting people. To contribute to current literature, we examine differences in content between 187 men seeking men and 193 men seeking women in a sample of Romanian ...
Olofsson, Jennie - - 2009
This article examines the tragic accidents that occurred in Montana and in Colorado where a total of 27 fire fighters lost their lives. While the encompassing interest concerns men operating in male dominated working sites and how homosociality is contingent on artifactual utility, the article specifically discloses the organizational dynamics ...
Saez, Pedro - - 2009
This research study assessed the factors that affect Latino men's endorsement of hypermasculinity, an exaggerated form of traditional masculinity ideology. One hundred and one Latino men from two urban universities and surrounding neighborhoods completed measures that assessed ethnic identity, hypermasculinity, sex-role egalitarianism perceived in the home, and reference group identity ...
Jarvis, Christina - - 2009
This essay analyzes representations of psychiatric casualties in advice literature and mainstream news periodicals of the late war (World War II) and early postwar period. Because they explicitly exposed the emotional side of men and challenged a warrior ideal predicated upon bravery, self-mastery, control, and courage under fire, mentally wounded ...
Landry, Sherly - - 2009
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