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Palmer, John - - 2009
Several psi and nonpsi hypotheses were tested in a computer guessing task. Participants (Ps) were 64 volunteers, 32 self-described strong believers in the paranormal and 32 self-described strong nonbelievers. Ps guessed sequences of the numbers 1-4 by calling each guess out loud and simultaneously clicking the mouse to register the ...
Haraldsson, Erlendur - - 2009
Personal encounters with the dead are reported by 25% of Western Europeans and 30% of Americans. Three hundred thirty-seven Icelanders reporting such experiences were interviewed at length. Ninety percent of them reported sensory experiences (apparitions) of a deceased person; 69% were visual, 28% auditory, 13% tactile, and 4% olfactory. Fewer ...
Beischel, Julie - - 2009
Over a century of meditunship research concludes that skilled mediums are able to report accurate and specific information about the deceased loved ones (termed discarnates) of living people (termed sitters) during anomalous information reception (AIR); that is, without any prior knowledge about the discarnates or sitters, in the absence of ...
Dutton, Diane - - 2009
While sharing key theoretical and methodological assumptions with human psi research, animal psi research poses its own unique conceptual and empirical challenges. We explore two main strands of animal psi research: (1) experimental research, which has tended to explain animal psi as an evolutionarily adaptive process of information transmission, and ...
Reidenberg, Dan - - 2009
Rosenberg-Javors, Irene - - 2009
Hixson, Ronald - - 2009
Neuringer, Allen - - 2009
Reinforcers contingent on response variability exert powerful and precise control over levels of variability, from stereotypy to stochasticity. This paper reviews how variability-contingent reinforcers interact with non-contingent, eliciting events to influence the variability of operant responses. Relationships to stimulus control, choice, acquisition of new responses, voluntary action, autism, and ADHD ...
Dixon, Mark - - 2009
The present paper describes 3 experiments which sought to further investigate if arbitrary stimuli may enter into relations with terrorist and non-terrorist stimuli via a transformation of stimulus functions. Experiment 1 used a rating scale to measure perceptions of North American and Middle Eastern males appearing as "Terrorists" before and ...
Francisco, Monica - - 2009
Behavioral economics is the merger of microeconomic principles with the procedures and principles of the experimental analysis of behavior. This review describes two branches of behavioral economic research: variables affecting decision making and consumer demand. Each branch is discussed with an eye toward identifying behavioral economic principles that will be ...
Vollmer, Timothy - - 2009
For nearly a decade we ran studies in an operant (rat) laboratory. The purpose of these studies was to address phenomena that were pertinent to the application of behavioral principles and to better understand the nature of behavior. In this paper we will summarize the preliminary findings of two recent ...
Lattal, Kennon - - 2009
Resurgence describes a procedure, a particular behavioral effect (increases in previously reinforced responding during the extinction of another response), and a behavioral process. There are three phases in a resurgence procedure: reinforcement of a target response, reinforcement of an alternative response, and extinction of both responses. This review examines independent ...
Dube, William - - 2009
Behavioral momentum theory (Nevin, 1992, Nevin & Grace, 2000) describes the relation between the characteristic level of reinforcement within a context and behavioral resistance to change within that context. This paper will describe the multiple-schedule-disrupter paradigm for basic behavioral momentum research and illustrate it with two representative examples from the ...
Scorzafava, Catherine - - 2009
Feller, Amelia - - 2009
Ploutz, Cynthia - - 2009
Fleming, Erin - - 2009
Sturm, Bonnie - - 2009
The purpose of this secondary analysis of qualitative data was to discover and articulate the nature and value of therapeutic nursing interventions (TNIs) utilized by psychiatric community health nurses (PCHNs). PCHNs encounter ethical conflict when faced with increasingly strict payment limitations on nursing practice (Sturm, 2004). This new analysis provides ...
Kalman, Melanie - - 2009
Most nurses enter the profession at the associate degree (AD) level, however, the link between nursing education and patient outcomes supports the need for nurses to be educated at the baccalaureate level. The purpose of this phenomenological study of 11 AD nurses enrolled in a baccalaureate nursing program was to ...
Scheier, Donna - - 2009
Deaf individuals face many barriers when trying to access health care. The reasons why barriers are encountered, difficulties met as a result of the barriers, and ways that health professionals and others working with deaf people can overcome obstacles are included in this review of the literature. A brief summary ...
Mahmood, Zafar - - 2009
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