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Wittenberg, D.F. - - 2012
Background. Acute onset vomiting and diarrhoea is one of the most common illnesses of infancy, and is second only to respiratory illnesses as a cause of childhood deaths worldwide. Existing guidelines for management of diarrhoea are often ignored in public and private practice, possibly because of a perception that the ...
Lowman, Warren - - 2012
We evaluated the in vitro microbiological efficacy of a generic ceftriaxone product against several clinically significant organisms collected from sterile sites. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of each was determined simultaneously with the reference and the generic ceftriaxone product. Comparative analysis of MICs between the two products for each isolate ...
Woods, D. - - 2012
The use of cell phone text messaging to improve access to continuing healthcare education in under-resourced settings is not well documented. We aimed to assess whether this method of education is acceptable to South African midwives in both the public and private sectors. Essential healthcare lessons from the Maternal Care ...
Cameron, David - - 2012
Objectives. To determine the percentage of nurses initiating new HIV-positive patients on therapy within 2 months of attending the Nurse Initiation and Maintenance of Antiretroviral Therapy (NIMART) course, and to identify possible barriers to nurse initiation.
- - 2012
Ehrlich, Rodney - - 2012
Cases of occupational disease, solvent encephalopathy and occupational asthma are used to exemplify failings of the workers' compensation system in South Africa, that include delays in processing claims, non-response to requests for information, and inadequate assessment of disability. These and other systemic deficiencies in administration of the Compensation for Occupational ...
- - 2012
Tiemensma, Marianne - - 2012
Background. According to the regulations of the National Health Act, all 'sudden and unexpected' deaths in South Africa should be referred to Forensic Pathology Services (FPS) for further investigation.
Wessels, P.F. - - 2012
Background. Patients in acute hospital care show a high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE); 52% of patients globally are at risk, with approximately only half receiving appropriate prophylaxis.
Grimwood, Ashraf - - 2012
Improving national prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services in South Africa has been challenging. PMTCT outcomes were analysed at 58 primary- and secondary-level antenatal facilities across seven high HIV burden sub-districts in three provinces, over an 18-month period during which new South African PMTCT clinical guidelines were implemented and a ...
Mohapi, Morongwa - - 2012
Under the National Health Insurance, a hospital is expected to provide service to patients based on its category. However, in reality the tertiary hospitals offer every level of care, resulting in poor quality of care and over-expenditure. The Polokwane/Mankweng Hospital Complex is a provincial tertiary hospital that delivers tertiary care ...
Bateman, Chris - - 2012
Lewallen, Susan - - 2012
Kelava, Tomislav - - 2012
Verma, K.G. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dental abnormalities of tooth number in development of the permanent dentition are quite common; however combined occurrence of hypodontia and hyperdontia is a rare phenomenon, especially when it occurs in the same dental arch and in a non-syndromic situation. CASE REPORT: A 15%-year-old non-syndromic male with missing mandibular central ...
Foley, J.I. - - 2012
AIM: To assess the preferences amongst European postgraduates (PG) in Paediatric Dentistry for the treatment of a child with differing caries severity in a primary molar tooth. STUDY DESIGN: An on-line structured questionnaire. METHODS: All European Paediatric Dentistry PGs were contacted by e-mail and asked to participate in an on-line ...
Tedesco T.K. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate in vitro the erosive effects of beverages in the presence or absence of caries simulation (acidogenic challenge) on the microhardness of primary enamel. METHODS: Forty human primary teeth were submitted to the erosive effects: 3x20-min-long daily immersion in fresh orange juice (orange group), strawberry yogurt drink (yog ...
Saritha, S. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of Root ZX II electronic apex locator (EAL) for root canal working length determination in primary teeth. METHODS: Forty primary maxillary incisor teeth were included in the study. Root ZX II EAL was used to determine the electronic working length (EL). The working length obtained ...
Kuin, D. - - 2012
AIM: This case control study was to assess whether paediatric dentists perform significantly more diagnostic, preventive and curative care in a clinical setting then do general dental practitioners. METHODS: 16 paediatric dentists were approached and a matching control group of 16 general dental practitioners drawn from an insurance random list ...
Parikh, D.R. - - 2012
Most prevalence studies on Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) have been carried out in European countries and data from Asia especially south Asian populations are lacking. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of MIH in children residing in a western region of India. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey including 1,366 ...
Vadiakas, G. - - 2012
AIM: To investigate oral hygiene and periodontal status of 12- and 15-year old Greek adolescents, in relation to sociodemographic and behavioural parameters. METHODS: A stratified cluster sample of 1,224 12-year old and 1,257 15-year old adolescents of Greek nationality were selected and examined by calibrated examiners. Periodontal and oral hygiene ...
Curzon, M.E.J. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The publication of basic science and clinical research findings, as well as new clinical diagnosis and treatment techniques, is widely disseminated. These days there is considerable competition to publish so the selection process is even more competitive. Aim: To present advice as to how to enhance the chances of ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2012
Walsh, Joseph - - 2012
Students, using information gained since 1859, write letters to Charles Darwin critiquing passages from the first edition of On the Origin of Species.
Price, Rebecca - - 2012
This activity uses inquiry to investigate how large changes in shape can evolve from small changes in the timing of development. Students measure skull shape in fetal, infant, juvenile, and adult chimpanzees and compare them to adult skulls of Homo sapiens, Homo erectus, and Australopithecus afarensis. They conclude by re-interpreting ...
Poli, Dorothybelle - - 2012
The video game SPORE was found to hold characteristics that stimulate higher-order thinking even though it rated poorly for accurate science. Interested in evaluating whether a scientifically inaccurate video game could be used effectively, we exposed students to SPORE during an evolution course. Students that played the game reported that ...
Nehm, Ross - - 2012
Studies of students' thinking about natural selection have revealed that the scenarios in which students reason evoke different types, magnitudes, and arrangements of knowledge elements and misconceptions. Diagnostic tests are needed that probe students' thinking across a representative array of evolutionary contexts. The ACORNS is a diagnostic test that treats ...
McComas, William - - 2012
This article recounts the story of the development of pangenesis, a principle proposed by Charles Darwin to describe the rules of inheritance and the source of new variation, two concepts vital to his proposal of evolution by natural selection. Historical accounts such as this are infrequently included in texts and ...
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