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Whitelaw, William - - 2010
Rather than describing a method for determining which patients should be labelled as having a disease, sleep apnoea, this review describes assessment as a process for deciding whom to investigate, what degree of sleep apnoea they have, how important their symptoms are, whether symptoms are likely attributable to sleep apnoea, ...
Lam, Jamie - - 2010
Sleep is an essential part of our daily living, and sleep disturbances may intervene with the biological and physiological processes in human body leading to the development of metabolic dysfunction. Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality have adverse effects on metabolism and hormonal processes, contributing to increased cardiovascular risk. ...
Kuniyoshi, Fatima H. - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a form of sleep disordered breathing with a high prevalence rate and is often underdiagnosed. OSA is associated with hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias. The presence of OSA may be a strong predictor of fatal cardiovascular events in ...
Gurubhagavatula, Indira - - 2010
A plethora of medical consequences have been associated with the syndrome of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). These are global, affecting nearly every body function, and have been related to two key pathophysiological findings in sleep apnoea: repetitive falls in oxyhaemoglobin saturation during sleep, and recurrent arousals from sleep which terminate ...
Campana, Lisa - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent condition with proven neurocognitive and cardiovascular consequences. OSA patients experience repetitive narrowing or collapse of the pharyngeal airway during sleep. Multiple factors likely underlie the pathophysiology of this condition with considerable inter-individual variation. Important risk factors for OSA include obesity, male gender, ...
Sharma, Surendra - - 2010
There is a paucity of published Indian studies on the prevalence and risk factors of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in adults. The limited published literature, however, does not suggest significant differences in the prevalence and risk factors for OSA and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) as compared to western studies. ...
Lam, Jamie - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is increasingly being recognized as an important health issue in the last two to three decades. It is characterized by frequent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep, causing recurrent arousals, intermittent hypoxaemia, sleep fragmentation and poor sleep quality. There is accumulating evidence that OSA is ...
Chowdhuri, Susmita - - 2010
Central sleep apnoea (CSA) is characterized by the cessation of breathing during sleep due to absent ventilatory drive and may be associated with symptoms of insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness or frequent arousals. Central apnoeas occur through two pathophysiologic patterns, either post-hyperventilation or post-hypoventilation. The prevalence of CSA is dependent on ...
Martinez, Denis - - 2010
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders are common conditions manifested as misalignment between the sleep period and the physical/social 24-h environmental cycle. Delayed sleep phase (typical in adolescents) and advanced sleep phase (frequent in the elderly), situations in which the sleep period is displaced to a later or earlier time, respectively, are ...
Chokroverty, S. - - 2010
Sleep is defined on the basis of behavioural and physiological criteria dividing it into two states: non rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep which is subdivided into three stages (N1, N2, N3); and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep characterized by rapid eye movements, muscle atonia and desynchronized EEG. Circadian rhythm of ...
Chou, Yu-Ting - - 2010
Background & objectives: Several studies have shown a close relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and dyslipidaemia. This study was designed to clarify the relationship of metabolic dysfunctions in sleep related-breathing disorders (SRBD), including OSA and simple snoring. The end point was to determine the prevalence of hyperlipidaemia and hyperuricaemia ...
Syed-Mohamad, Sharifah - - 2010
This paper describes the method used to develop the One Stop Crisis Centre (OSCC) Portal, an open-source web-based electronic patient record system (EPR) for the One Stop Crisis Center, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) in Kelantan, Malaysia. Features and functionalities of the system are presented to demonstrate the workflow. Use ...
Ruxwana, Nkqubela - - 2010
This companion-discussion paper advocates the need for a quality assurance model for successful acquisition of e-health solutions in rural healthcare centres. We argue that the quality of the entire system is highly influenced by the quality of the processes used to acquire, develop, implement and maintain it. Central to these ...
Ruxwana, Nkqubela - - 2010
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) solutions (e.g. e-health, telemedicine, e-education) are often viewed as vehicles to bridge the digital divide between rural and urban healthcare centres and to resolve shortcomings in the rural health sector. This study focused on factors perceived to influence the uptake and use of ICTs as ...
Rowlands, Stella - - 2010
General practitioners (GPs) are an integral part of the multidisciplinary team that care for patients with lung cancer. It is essential that patient information including results of tests, management plans, treatment, and follow-up arrangements are communicated between hospital-based carers and the community-based GP The aim of this study was to ...
Mair, Judith - - 2010
Recent cases have drawn attention to the issue of individual autonomy and what is sometimes referred to as 'the right to die'. Adult patients who are mentally competent have the right to refuse medical treatment even when that refusal can lead to worsening ill health and even death. This refusal ...
On, Miriam - - 2010
Irvine, Sue - - 2010
Treatment of residents living in aged care facilities presents a challenge to the traditional model of general practitioner (GP)-patient interactions, which rely on patients having the mobility to visit a GP's rooms, to transport themselves for follow-up tests, and are cooperative in taking medications. Aged care residents lack mobility and ...
Lucas, Alisha - - 2010
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Chehimi, Sonia - - 2010
Different methods were used to elucidate the mode of action of thuricin S, a new class IId bacteriocin produced by Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. entomocidus HD198. According to cell viability tests, thuricin S was shown to exert a bactericidal effect on the sensitive cells of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. darmastadiensis 10T. The ...
Locas, Annie - - 2010
Aerated lagoons offer a low-cost and simple approach to treating domestic wastewater in small municipalities. The objective of the current study was to evaluate, for each cell in the lagoons, the removal of indicator microorganisms and human enteric viruses under warm (summer) and cold (early spring) conditions. The two sites ...
Martinez-Trujillo, Miguel - - 2010
The [lambda]tI terminator is located approximately 280 bp beyond the lint gene, and it has a typical structure of an intrinsic terminator. To identify sequences required for [lambda]tI transcription termination a set of deletion mutants were generated, either from the 5' or the 3' end onto the [lambda]tI region. The ...
Tanney, Joey - - 2010
Glyphosate-based herbicides are used extensively in forestry and agriculture to control broadleaf plant competition. A review of the literature offers conflicting results regarding the impact of glyphosate on fungal growth. This study investigated the effects of 7 glyphosate concentrations (1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, and 1000 [micro]g x [mL.sup.-1]) ...
Zheng, Aiping - - 2010
We characterized a novel holotype cry gene (cry52Ba1) harbored in a Bacillus thuringiensis isolate BM59-2 native to China that expresses a spherical crystal protein of about 80 kDa. In this study, the full length of the cry52Ba1 gene was cloned from this strain. Sequence analysis of the gene was also ...
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