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Bhorat, N. - - 2009
Variations of biliary anatomy are well described. Those of most relevance to the operative surgeon are the variations of the extrahepatic ducts and their relationships to the right hepatic artery and its branches. We describe another even rarer congenital anomaly of a preduodenal portal vein. Its embryological derivation and presentation ...
Van Niekerk, - - 2009
Minimal invasive surgery allows for excellent visualisation of the diaphragm, and is increasingly used for the repair of diaphragmatic hernias in children. This report describes laparoscopic repairs between 2001 and 2007 of four Morgagni hernias in children. All defects were treated successfully using the laparoscopic method, with no recurrences. The ...
Brand, Martin - - 2009
Background. Antibiotic prophylaxis for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is controversial. We set out to assess the current antibiotic prescribing practice among South African endoscopists who perform ERCPs, and then reviewed international guidelines and relevant studies.
De Silva, - - 2009
Background. With the advent of a new infectious era involving the HIV and hepatitis B and C viruses, concern has arisen about transmission of these viruses through ocular blood splashes during surgery. The purpose of the study was to determine the risk of ocular blood splashes to surgeons and their ...
Franz, R.C. - - 2009
At the turn of the century, a significant advance in the rapidly expanding field of rotational thrombelastography (ROTEG), known at present as thrombelastometry or ROTEM analysis, was developed at the Ludwig-Maximillian University in Munich. The measuring unit is operated by a laptop computer. There are four temperature-controlled measuring channels in ...
Willis, Jeffrey - - 2009
Although gender-based health disparities are prevalent in India, very little data are available on care-seeking patterns for newborns. In total, 255 mothers were prospectively interviewed about their perceptions and action surrounding the health of their newborns in rural Uttar Pradesh, India. Perception of illness was significantly lower in incidence (adjusted ...
Falle, Tina - - 2009
The potential for traditional birth attendants (TBAs) to improve neonatal health outcomes has largely been overlooked during the current debate regarding the role of TBAs in improving maternal health. Randomly selected TBAs (n=93) were interviewed to gain a more thorough understanding of their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding maternal and ...
Kung'u, Jacqueline - - 2009
Bacteria were quantified in samples of drinking-water and in two porridges prepared for infant-feeding [fortified instant soy-rice porridge (SRP) and cooked porridge (Lishe bora, LB)] in 54 households. Bacterial numbers were measured again after the porridges had been held at room temperature for four hours (T4). Findings were benchmarked against ...
Cook, David - - 2009
This study retrospectively analyzed demographic factors that may affect the prevalence of intestinal parasites among Guatemalan school children. The findings of the study showed that young age, wet season, female gender, and severe malnutrition all correlated positively with increased rates of infection. Clinical visits were performed on 10,586 school children ...
Alam, M.A. - - 2009
The degree of binding of a drug to plasma proteins has a marked effect on its distribution, elimination, and pharmacological effect since only the unbound fraction is available for distribution into extra-vascular space. The protein-binding of atenolol was measured by equilibrium dialysis in the bovine serum albumin (BSA). Free atenolol ...
Sales, Jack - - 2009
Klotz, Laurence - - 2009
Leveridge, Mike - - 2009
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract are not uncommon urological malignancies. Their simultaneous occurrence in a patient is, however, extraordinarily rare. We report the case of a patient who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for suspected RCC. Preoperative imaging was suspicious for renal pelvic involvement, which ...
Wallis, Christopher - - 2009
High-flow priapism is most often seen following perineal and penile trauma. We report the case of a 32-year-old man who presented with recurrent idiopathic priapism initially treated as low-flow priapism on 8 previous emergency department visits. Pelvic angiography revealed an abnormal communication between the left cavernosal artery and the left ...
Shaiji, Tariq - - 2009
Despite recent advances in surgical technique using laparoscopic and robotic approaches for the management of early organ-confined prostate cancer, most contemporary reports demonstrate significant rates of erectile dysfunction comparable to standard open approaches. Controversy remains related to many of the pre-and postoperative management strategies, including agents to enhance nerve recovery, ...
Anidjar, Maurice - - 2009
Klotz, Laurence - - 2009
Wellner, Karen - - 2009
Niedzwiecki, John - - 2009
Kormondy, Edward - - 2009
Machuca, Debby - - 2009
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