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Results 651 - 700 of 1215
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Goktalay, Tugba - - 2009
Objective: In this study we aimed to evaluate asthma prevalence, smoking status and the effect of probable risk factors in first and second class students of Celal Bayar University Medical Faculty, Manisa School of Health and Vocational School of Health Service.
Ozyurt, Beyhan - - 2009
Objective: Exposure of children to tobacco smoke (ETS) is an important public health problem. The goal of this study was to determine the self-reported passive smoke exposure status of primary school students in grades 3 to 5.
Kultursay, Nilgun - - 2009
Ozhan, Bayram - - 2009
Human brucellosis is a multisystem and potentially lethal disease of zoonotic origin with highly variable and nonspecific clinical presentation. Although lymphadenopathy in the course of brucellosis is 10-20%,there is only one case of isolated cervical LAP as unique manifestation. We hereby present a case of isolated cervical LAP due to ...
Can, Emrah - - 2009
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the major bacterium of morbidity and mortality in children. The risk of development of meningitis can increase in periorbital cellulitis. Bacteremia secondary to infection of the periorbital tissue may result in meningeal seeding. Alternatively, concomitant seeding to both meninges and periorbital tissue during a bacteremic episode can ...
Dinler, Gonul - - 2009
Tuberculous peritonitis is an uncommon presentation of tuberculosis especially in children. The diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis is difficult because of the variability of presentation, the protean nature of the manifestation and the limitation of diagnostic tests. Therefore, the diagnosis is often delayed and the rate of complications and mortality increases. ...
Cengiz, Ali - - 2009
Sepsis is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in newborn infants. Depending on the timing of symptoms and signs, sepsis during the neonatal period classically is divided into early-onset sepsis and late-onset sepsis. Primary risk factors for early-onset sepsis are prematurity, low birth weight, prolonged rupture of membranes, chorioamnionitis, ...
Ozdemir, Halil - - 2009
Objective: To determine the etiology, clinical presentation and prognosis of the patients with encephalitis in the last nine years.
Kara, Ates - - 2009
Hepatitis A infection is an acute, self limitting disease due to infection of the liver by hepatitis A virus, an enterically trasmitted virus which is a member of the Picornaviridae family. The infection may be asymptomatic or cause an acute hepatitis syndrome of varying degrees of severity up to and ...
Saz, Eylem - - 2009
Objective: Fever is one of the most common reasons for parents to bring their children to the emergency departments. Most parents believe that fever is not a sign of illness, they have numerous misconceptions about it as well as its management. The objectives of this study were to explore knowledge ...
Topcuoglu, Sevilay - - 2009
Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical manifestations and prevalence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus (PIV), influenza virus, and human metapneumovirus (hMPV) in 0-5 year old children with wheezing.
Braun, Clait - - 2009
Sheldon, Frederick - - 2009
Marks, Jeffrey - - 2009
Wilcoxen, Travis - - 2009
We observed depredation of a Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) nest of 4-day-old nestlings in April 2008 by the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta). This exotic species is known to depredate nests of other avian species, but we believe this is the first account of this species of fire ant ...
Gavin, Michael - - 2009
Previous research reports bait-fishing in seven different species of ardeids. Our observations of Black-crowned Night Herons (Nycticorax nycticorax) on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, USA are the first to detail both passive and active bait-fishing in the same species. These observations provide support for the hypothesis that passive bait-fishing is ...
Wittenberg, Sara - - 2009
We used hydrogen stable isotopes in feathers collected from 1998 through 2003 to examine if there was differential migration of juvenile Merlins (Falco columbarius) and Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus) through the Florida Keys, USA in fall. We examined differences by gender, population, and intra-season variation for 120 Merlins and 60 ...
Platt, Steven - - 2009
We present two noteworthy observations of foraging Turkey Vultures (Cathartes aura), including consumption of a marine toad (Bufo marinus) and a live juvenile cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus). To our knowledge, these observations are the first reports of any North American vulture consuming B. marinus or a Turkey Vulture taking live ...
Hendricks, Paul - - 2009
I report a case of snow bathing by House Finches (Carpodacus mexicanus), apparently the first for this species. As many as 15 finches bathed together, three to four at a time, in 18 cm of fresh loose snow in a manner typical when birds bathe in water or dirt: wings ...
Ligon, Russell - - 2009
We observed and video-taped actively nesting adult Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis) repeatedly feeding abandoned conspecific juveniles in a nearby nest. We used molecular techniques to confirm these nestlings were unrelated to the adults that fed them. The most likely explanation for the observed behavior is that it was a mistake ...
Dohms, Kimberly - - 2009
Sprague's Pipit (Anthus spragueii) is a ground-nesting passerine of the northern mixed-grass prairie. Few studies have examined the natural history and demography of the species, and little information exists on its mating system or parental care. We installed video monitoring systems at 11 randomly selected pipit nests to study parental ...
Small, Daniel - - 2009
We studied the breeding biology of Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum) on restored grasslands in Maryland from 1999 to present. We report the first documented cases of social polygyny in this species. Polygyny increased reproductive success for males in two of four cases, but its rarity suggests it is only a ...
Foote, Jennifer - - 2009
The fertility announcement hypothesis proposes that avian males should sing at a high rate when their mate is fertile to guard their paternity. We examined if male Song Sparrows (Melospiza melodia) sing more during the incubation period when they are free of constraints of physical mate guarding. We assessed song ...
Robertson, Bruce - - 2009
Studies of song and its function in suboscine passerines are rare. We examined spatial and temporal variation in song structure in a wild population of Olive-sided Flycatchers (Contopus cooperi) and tested among hypotheses explaining this variation. Repeatable variation in song type was observed both within and among individuals. More than ...
Nores, Manuel - - 2009
Common Pigeons (Columba livia) and their feral domestic relatives nest in a variety of sites, but use of nests of other birds has not been reported. I documented 13 nesting attempts by feral Common Pigeons in seven large compound nests of Monk Parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus) in Cordoba, Argentina; at least ...
Greeney, Harold - - 2009
A variety of bird species have been shown to derive protection from nest predators by nesting in association with more aggressive or predatory species. We provide the first evidence of this interaction for a hummingbird. Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri) nests in southeast Arizona were found near the nests of two ...
Guaraldo, Andre de - - 2009
The Spot-billed Toucanet (Selenidera maculirostris) is an endemic member of the Ramphastidae occurring in the Atlantic Forest in Brazil. There is anecdotal literature about this species breeding in the wild, but no data are available about parental behavior and nest morphometry. We describe observations of parental behavior of the Spot-billed ...
Llambias, Paulo - - 2009
We studied breeding biology, parental roles, and social mating system of the Bay-capped Wren-Spinetail (Spartonoica maluroides), a habitat specialist furnariid, in the Argentinean pampas. We found 42 nests during 2004-2007, two during egg laying, 28 during incubation, and 12 with nestlings. Mean clutch size was 3.17 eggs (n = 29), ...
Yingxin, Jiang - - 2009
We found nine nests of the Grey-hooded Parrotbill (Paradoxornis zappeyi) during April through July 2003 at Wawushan Natural Reserve, Sichuan, southwestern China. This report is the first description of the nest sites, nests, eggs, and breeding behavior of this parrothill, and the first documentation of nestling growth from hatching until ...
Doss, D. Paramanantha - - 2009
We studied the breeding biology of Purple Swamphens (Porphyrio porphyrio poliocephalus) at Nainar Pond in Tirunelveli, South India from January 2003 to May 2004. Peak breeding activity occurred from the second week of January to the first week of March. Nests were built on thick floating vegetation closest to the ...
Cockle, Kristina - - 2009
We provide the first description of the nest, eggs, and nestlings of the Planalto Woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes platyrostris), a secondary cavity-nester, based on three nests in natural cavities and 14 in nest boxes. Nests were found from October to January in 1997, 2006, and 2007 in the humid Chaco and Atlantic ...
Liljesthrom, Marcela - - 2009
Tachycineta swallows nest in secondary cavities and build nests made of a mat of dry grasses with a nest cup lined with feathers. The insulative quality of feathers may prevent hypothermia of the chicks and increase chick growth, but also may raise the risk of nestling hyperthemia if ambient temperature ...
Butler, Michael - - 2009
We studied orientation-dependent differences in nest box microclimate and American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) reproductive parameters in Idaho, USA. Unoccupied nest boxes facing west were ~0.6[degrees]C cooler than boxes that faced south or east and had ~20% lower relative humidity levels than boxes facing all other cardinal directions. Clutches in occupied ...
Almario, Barbara - - 2009
We compared depredation rates of natural and artificial nests of Seaside Sparrows (Ammodramus maritimus) within winter burned and unburned marsh breeding habitats. Natural nests on burned sites in 2002 were depredated at a higher rate (35.3%) during the incubation stage, compared to unburned sites (13.3%). Depredation rates of natural nests ...
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