Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1215
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Cagiannos, Ilias - - 2009
Following definitive therapy for muscle invasive bladder cancer, patients remain at risk for local and distant recurrence. Additionally, recurrences can result from formation of new tumours elsewhere in the urinary tract. We review patterns of recurrence and the prognosis associated with recurrence. Optimal surveillance strategies are discussed.
Ehdaie, Behfar - - 2009
The past decade has provided an improved understanding of the molecular mechanism of bladder cancer by defining distinct pathways in tumorigenesis and progression. Advances in technologies, such as high-throughput transcript profiling, microarrays and proteomics, offer a systematic approach to identifying targets for bladder cancer diagnostics and drug discovery. This review ...
Svatek, Robert - - 2009
Metastatic or unresectable disease is identified in approximately 20% of patients presenting with invasive urothelial cancer. In addition, up to 50% of patients will develop metastases following radical cystectomy for clinically localized disease. Multiagent cisplatin-based chemotherapy is considered standard first-line treatment for these patients. Although urothelial cancer is considered a ...
Black, Peter - - 2009
Considerable debate exists concerning the combined use of systemic chemotherapy and radical surgery for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. While there is evidence for a survival benefit after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the benefit is modest and the potential toxicity and delay of time to surgery prior to cystectomy appears to be deterring many ...
Kanaroglou, Androniki - - 2009
The standard of care in the management of invasive urothelial cancer of the bladder is radical cystectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. Although uncommon, recurrence of disease in the retained urethra following cystectomy carries a poor prognosis. The need for assessment of risk of recurrence is greater now than ever with wider ...
Yafi, Faysal - - 2009
Radical cystectomy with lymph node dissection remains the standard of care in the treatment of muscle-invasive and refractory non-invasive bladder cancer. Over the past decade, the extent of lymphadenectomy has varied to include dissection up to the common iliac vessels and aortic bifurcation proximally (may also extend up to the ...
Zlotta, Alexandre - - 2009
Up to 40% of patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) will fail intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy. There is unfortunately no current gold standard for salvage intravesical therapy after appropriate BCG treatment. Indeed, outcomes are at best suboptimal. The vast majority of low-grade NMIBC are prone to recur but very ...
Chalasani, Venu - - 2009
Bladder cancer can be classified histologically as urothelial or non-urothelial. Urothelial cancer has a propensity for divergent differentiation, which has increasingly been recognized in recent years due to heightened awareness and improved immunohistochemistry techniques. Furthermore, the recent World Health Organization classification of urothelial cancers improved clarity on this issue, with ...
Nepple, Kenneth - - 2009
Stage T1Hg bladder cancer should be considered an aggressive and potentially lethal disease. The importance of initial re-resection to identify unrecognized muscle-invasive disease is significant. Most patients with high-risk disease are candidates for initial bladder salvage with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine for immunotherapy, a procedure with a high survival rate; ...
Lattouf, Jean-Baptiste - - 2009
Bladder cancer is the sixth most common tumour in Canada and ranks eighth in terms of cancer mortality. Up to now, management of this condition relied mostly on surgical and intravesical treatments once the disease is established. Chemoprevention is an attractive option to prevent the disease in high-risk populations and ...
Fradet, Yves - - 2009
Bladder cancer kills more women than cervical cancer and is also a significant cause of mortality in men. Little progress has been made in improving survival in patients with advanced bladder cancer. Two pilot studies using microhematuria screening have shown that screening for bladder cancer results in close to 80% ...
Kassouf, Wassim - - 2009
Shah, Manzoor - - 2009
Observational and manipulative studies have revealed that alien plant invasions are an outcome of interplay between a myriad of biotic and abiotic factors operating at various spatio-temporal stages and scales. Despite the salient role of ubiquitous arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in plant interactions, studies exploring the role of such symbionts ...
Perreta, Mariel - - 2009
This work presents the basics for interpreting the adult inflorescence structure in grasses. It provides an analysis of the variations in the grass inflorescence structure and their correlation with some of the developmental processes that give origin to it.
Acosta, Juan - - 2009
The structure of the synflorescence and the flowering units in Amaranthaceae are characterized. The synflorescence is polytelic. In the flowering unit we recognize the main florescence and the enrichment zone. The florescences may consist of: (1) Fully developed partial florescences bearing three or more flowers; (2) Partial florescences reduced to ...
Jabeen, Ruqaya - - 2009
Heavy metals (HM) are a unique class of toxicants since they cannot be broken down to non-toxic forms. Concentration of these heavy metals has increased drastically, posing problems to health and environment, since the onset of the industrial revolution. Once the heavy metals contaminate the ecosystem, they remain a potential ...
Ruiz-Montoya, Lorena - - 2009
In this study we used 2 reciprocal transference experiments to estimate the mode and magnitude of selection on life history traits of the aphid Brevicoryne brassicae L. on 2 sympatric host plants, Brassica campestris L. and Brassica oleraceae L. In the first experiment, we recorded success in establishment, age at ...
Larsen, Nicholas - - 2009
Wireworms (larval Elateridae) are perennial pests of newly planted sugarcane causing stand loss directly by damaging growing points and indirectly by introducing disease. Two organophosphate insecticides, phorate and ethoprop, are currently labeled for controlling wireworms in sugar cane. In the first experiment, 4 rates of phorate (100, 87.5, 75, and ...
Gillett-Kaufman, Jennifer - - 2009
Beauveria bassiana is a widespread entomopathogen which is infectious to a great variety of insects. A commercial preparation of this fungus was used to study its potential as a biocontrol agent of the citrus root weevil, Diaprepes abbreviatus. Laboratory reared adult weevils were placed in clean plastic bags with 0.05 ...
Watts, Stacey - - 2009
Mosquitoes from different species endemic to North Florida were collected over a 12-month period, and blood meal analyses were conducted on engorged females to determine the range of vertebrate hosts each species fed on. Thirty-one mosquito blood meals from 6 mosquito species were identified, and blood meal hosts identified included ...
Avery, Pasco - - 2009
The infectivity and horizontal transfer of Isaria fumosorosea Wize among Diaphorina citri Kuwayama was measured using a detached leaf bioassay in which blastospores were sprayed on citrus leaf sections or yellow plastic tags (artificial attractant surface). Four leaf sections or three leaf sections and one yellow tag were placed together ...
Weibelzahl, Elke - - 2009
The blueberry bud mite (BBM), Acalitus vaccinii (Keifer), is gaining importance as a pest of southern highbush blueberries. During a BBM population development study in a northcentral Florida location, an epizootic was observed, and the mesothermic acarine mycopathogen, Hirsutella thompsonii (Fisher), was identified as the causal organism. In order to ...
Vincent, Crystal - - 2009
The parasitoid fly Ormia ochracea uses the calling song of its host Gryllus spp. to locate an area inhabited by potential hosts. Once a calling male has been located, O. ochracea deposits live larvae on the host, and on substrates surrounding the host to enable the larvae to attach to ...
Gagne, Raymond - - 2009
Lophodiplosis trifida Gagne, an Australian gall midge on paperbark, Melaleuca quinquenervia (Myrtaceae), is a recent release in southern Florida for the biological control of that host. The larval stage is described for the first time and compared to that of other Lophodiplosis species. Photos of galls and illustrations of larvae ...
Duan, J.J. - - 2009
Field surveys of the emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, and associated parasitoids were conducted in Cranberry Township, PA from 11 Mar to 23 Oct 2008. Several species of parasitic Hymenoptera were collected from EAB-infested green ash trees or reared from late-instar EAB larvae, prepupae, and/or pupae. These included ...
Sumoski, S.E. - - 2009
Human-mediated disturbances have altered every ecosystem on the planet and these changes may have important consequences for biodiversity and community structure. We tested how the degree of urbanization impacts a tri-trophic interaction among the Florida scrub endemic plant Palafoxia feayi, a gallmaking midge, and the associated parasitoid wasps. A combination ...
Cave, Ronald - - 2009
Egg duration period, immature development time, and pre-oviposition period of the cycad aulacaspis scale, Aulacaspis yasumatsui Takagi, were measured at 9 constant temperatures in the laboratory. Egg duration period ranged from 15 d at 20[degrees]C to 7 d at 30[degrees]C. First instar development time was 30 d at 18[degrees]C but ...
Auad, A.M. - - 2009
The impact of temperature was evaluated on Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Nymphs, 12-h-old, were placed individually in cylindrical plastic dishes (2.5 x 2.5 cm), with a layer of 1% agar in which leaf disks of signal grass had been placed. The nymphs were reared at 12, 16, 20, 24, ...
Maravalhas, Jonas - - 2009
Associations between ants and Hemiptera are common in the families Membracidae, Coccoidea and Aphidoidea, but there are only a few cases of ants using honeydew of Cicadellidae species. We surveyed plants of Roupala montana Aubl. (Proteaceae) in the cerrado area (savanna like vegetation) in the Federal District (Brazil) during the ...
Amin, Muhammad - - 2009
The predatory mite Phytoseiulus macropilis Banks (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is native to Florida. Some biology and ecology of this phytoseiid have been documented, but its potential as a biological control agent of phytophagous mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) has received less attention. The response of P. macropilis to 12 acaricides, 3 tetranychid mite ...
Malo, Edi - - 2009
We analyzed the volatiles emitted by Mexican populations of the female coffee leafminer moth Leucoptera coffeella that were collected in coffee plantations located in the Soconusco region of Chiapas. Our results confirmed previous results that L. coffeella females emitted 5,9-dimethylpentadecane as the major and 5,9-dimethylhexadecane as the minor component. Field ...
Cetintas, Ramazan - - 2009
Field and laboratory experiments were conducted to determine resistance of cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. cultivars differing in leaf morphology (shape and pubescence) to the B biotype of sweetpotato whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and impacts on its parasitoids. Five cotton cultivars were evaluated in a field-plot experiment at Hastings, Florida. The ...
Palenchar, Jessica - - 2009
We report here that it is possible to rear D. areolatus on irradiated A. suspensa larvae without adversely affecting sex ratio and overall parasitoid emergence and with no adult A. suspense emergence. There was no difference in emergence of D. areolatus adults from irradiated versus non-irradiated hosts (72.4 [+ or ...
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