Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 877
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Bussolin, L. - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess the changes in plasma lignocaine concentrations over time when the tumescent solution is injected into subcutaneous tissue of children undergoing surgical treatment of burns. Sixteen consecutive children with burns were studied using a prospective study design. After induction of general anesthesia, tumescent ...
Kaya, M. - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effects and characteristics of hyperbaric and hypobaric levobupivacaine for unilateral spinal anaesthesia. Sixty patients were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either 7.5 mg (1.5 ml) hyperbaric levobupivacaine 0.5% or 7.5 mg (4 ml) hypobaric levobupivacaine 0.1875% for elective ...
Furtado, G.H. - - 2010
Imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a leading cause of hospital-acquired pneumonia. Aiming to determine the risk factors associated for hospital-acquired pneumonia due to imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, we undertook a retrospective case-case-control study. Patients admitted to a 14-bed medical-surgical intensive care unit from a university-affiliated hospital with hospital-acquired pneumonia caused by imipenem-resistant ...
Westhorpe, R.N. - - 2010
Krishnan, Anand - - 2010
Despite significant progress in medical research, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) continue to be the largest contributors of morbidity and mortality both in developed and developing countries. The status of public health interventions related to CVDs prevention was reviewed to identify actions that are required to bridge the existing gap between the ...
Shah, Bela - - 2010
There is a rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) burden, which is causing increasing morbidity and premature mortality in developing countries. In 1990, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) accounted for 63 per cent of all deaths and India contributed to 17 per cent to the worldwide mortality. Several surveys conducted across the country ...
Nagesh, C.M. - - 2010
Diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) encompasses a wide spectrum of myocardial ischaemia varying from assuredly benign to potentially fatal. Cardiac biomarkers have had a major impact on the management of this disease and are now the cornerstone in its diagnosis and prognosis. In this review we discuss both the ...
Karthikeyan, Ganesan - - 2010
There is a popular perception that clinical judgement and evidence-based medicine are at loggerheads with each other. We examine the concepts of evidence and judgment as applied to clinical practice, and attempt to understand the reasons behind this imaginary divide.
Jeemon, Panniyammakal - - 2010
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death and disability in both developed and developing countries. In developed countries socio-economic mortality differentials have been studied extensively showing that the low socio-economic group suffers the highest mortality. As the epidemiological transition is taking place against a background of economic globalization, ...
Sivasankaran, S. - - 2010
Globalization has made calorie rich, cheap, convenient marketed foods the main menu for the common man. Indians are particularly susceptible to the adverse outcomes of this dietary change because of ethnic, epigenetic reasons and sarcopenic adiposity (less muscle more fat for the same body weight). Children have smaller body frame ...
Raj, Manu - - 2010
Worldwide, obesity trends are causing serious public health concern and in many countries threatening the viability of basic health care delivery. It is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. The last two decades have witnessed an increase in health care ...
Ali, Mohammed - - 2010
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is currently the leading cause of death worldwide and together with diabetes, poses a serious health threat, particularly in the Indian Asian population. Risk factor management has evolved considerably with the continued emergence of new and thought-provoking evidence. The stream of laboratory- and population-based research findings ...
Naik, Nitish - - 2010
Recent advances in molecular biology have advanced our understanding of the genetic substrate predisposing to sudden death, especially in monogenic disorders. Numerous ion channels along with membrane structural proteins have been extensively investigated for their role in the genesis of serious ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The complex interplay of various biological pathways ...
Padmanabhan, Sandosh - - 2010
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. In addition to lifestyle and environmental factors which are major aetiologic determinants, there is considerable familial clustering of the disease indicating a genetic component in its causation. Although the total genetic contribution to CAD risk can be ...
Ajay, Vamadevan - - 2010
Coronary heart diseases (CHD) have reached epidemic proportions among Indians. The recently concluded INTERHEART study emphasizes the role of behavioural and conventional risk factors in the prediction of CHD risk among Indians. These findings have implication for the health care providers and policy makers in the country due to the ...
Reddy, S. - - 2010
Heart failure is a common cardiovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality. Unlike western countries where heart failure is predominantly a disease of the elderly, in India it affects younger age group. Important risk factors include coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, valvular heart disease and cardiomyopathies. Plasma brain natriuretic ...
Kaul, Upendra - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease has become the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in India during the last 3 decades. The genetic predisposition and acquisition of traditional risk factors at a rapid rate as a result of urbanization seems to be the major cause. While efforts are being made to contain this ...
Gupta, Rajeev - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP) is a major public health problem in India and its prevalence is rapidly increasing among urban and rural populations. Reducing systolic and diastolic BP can decrease cardiovascular risk and this can be achieved by non-pharmacological (lifestyle measures) as well as pharmacological means. Lifestyle changes should be ...
Arseculeratne, S.N. - - 2010
Rao, Seema - - 2010
Background & objectives: The usefulness of cation exchange high performance liquid chromatography (CE-HPLC) as a tool for detection of thalassaemia/haemoglobin variants was evaluated in a prospective study in a tertiary care centre in north India. We also tried to evaluate the effect of concurrent nutritional deficiency on the HPLC pattern ...
Rajesh, Lakshmi - - 2010
Background & objectives: Resistance to nevirapine (NVP) has been described with single dose preventive regimens in other populations. Our aim was to study the pattern and prevalence of HIV drug resistance (DR) at baseline (during pregnancy) and after delivery among antenatal women exposed to single dose NVP for prevention of ...
Begum, Nargis - - 2010
Background & objectives: Hepatitis E is the main cause of enterically transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis in developing countries. In the developed countries such as the USA, Japan and Taiwan, the viruses infecting humans and swine share the same genotype with a high sequence similarity. Genotype 1 circulates in humans whereas ...
Dhaked, Ram - - 2010
Botulinum neurotoxins, causative agents of botulism in humans, are produced by Clostridium botulinum, an anaerobic spore-former Gram positive bacillus. Botulinum neurotoxin poses a major bioweapon threat because of its extreme potency and lethality; its ease of production, transport, and misuse; and the need for prolonged intensive care among affected persons. ...
Song, Yoon-Jae - - 2010
Raghunath, D. - - 2010
Grantham, Dennis - - 2010
Macfarlane, Angela - - 2010
Attitudes are one of the most commonly researched topics in social psychology, and attitudes toward alcoholics have been a popular interest area. The present study investigated such attitudes from within a social constructionist paradigm. Participants were interviewed about their views toward alcoholics and the transcribed recordings were analysed discursively to ...
Pulford, Justin - - 2010
This paper describes the development and evaluation of the Alcohol and Drug Outcome Measure (ADOM), a brief 18-item, two part, outcome monitoring instrument designed for routine use with clients in the New Zealand Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) treatment sector. The development of the ADOM was informed by an expert ...
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