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Cho, Kathleen - - 2009
* Ovarian carcinomas are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms. Pathologists currently employ a morphologybased classification system to divide ovarian carcinomas into major subgroups based on degree (tumor grade) and type of differentiation (eg, serous, endometrioid, clear cell, or mucinous). Molecular studies have shown that specific genetic defects are likely to ...
McHugh, Jonathan - - 2009
* Context.--Malignancies of the salivary gland are uncommon and account for 0.3% of all malignancies. In addition to their rarity, diagnosing these tumors can be challenging given the histologic overlap among various subtypes, their morphologic heterogeneity, and the recent recognition of new entities.
Visscher, Daniel - - 2009
Moriarty, Ann - - 2009
* Context.--Automatic failure in gynecologic cytology proficiency testing occurs when a high-grade lesion or carcinoma (HSIL+, Category D) is misinterpreted as negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (Category B).
Crothers, Barbara - - 2009
* Context.--Gynecologic cytology terminology and report formatting have been nationally standardized since the implementation of The Bethesda System of 1988, but standard reporting for nongynecologic cytology has never been formally addressed on the same scale.
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Gouda, Eric - - 2009
Flower, Andrew - - 2009
Santos, Roberto - - 2009
An inventory of the invertebrate fauna found in the leaf crown and phytotelm of tank bromeliads (Aechmea lingulata and Hohenbergia ramageana) was carried out in the Parque Estadual Dunas do Natal (Natal Dune State Park or NDSP), Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil. A total of 874 invertebrate ...
Mendis, Kamini - - 2009
Raghunath, M. - - 2009
Epidemiological evidence indicates that poor early growth is associated with increased susceptibility to visceral obesity, insulin resistance and associated diseases in adulthood. Studies in experimental animals have demonstrated a robust association between nutrient imbalance during foetal life and disease prevalence in their later life specially of those involving macronutrient metabolism. ...
Ahmed, Tahmeed - - 2009
Oedematous malnutrition, represented by its most severe form kwashiorkor, is rampant in many parts of the world and is associated with a high case fatality rate. Despite being first described more than a century ago, the pathogenesis of kwashiorkor is still not clear. The traditional thinking is that it results ...
Proos, Lemm - - 2009
More than 6800 children from India have been adopted in Sweden over the last four decades. At arrival many were undernourished and suffered from infectious diseases. Catch-up growth was common. Unexpectedly, cases of early pubertal development were subsequently reported. In order to investigate the growth and development of adopted children ...
Nair, K. - - 2009
Repeated surveys have shown that the magnitude of nutritional anaemia is of public health concern in India. Though reduced intake of iron is a major aetiological factor, low intake or an imbalance in the consumption of other haematopoietic nutrients, their utilization; increased nutrient loss and/or demand also contribute to nutritional ...
Kalaivani, K. - - 2009
Prevalence of anaemia in India is among the highest in the world. Prevalence of anaemia is higher among pregnant women and preschool children. Even among higher income educated segments of population about 50 per cent of children, adolescent girls and pregnant women are anaemic. Inadequate dietary iron, folate intake due ...
Ramji, Siddarth - - 2009
The exclusive breast feeding rates in India at 6 months is about 46 per cent. At 6-8 months only 54 per cent of breast fed and 75 per cent of non breast fed infants are initiated into complimentary feeds. At the start of the second year of life only about ...
Gustafsson, Jan - - 2009
Glucose is the most important foetal energy substrate. At birth the transplacental transfer of substrates is terminated. Before the start of breastfeeding the newborn infant must produce its own glucose particularly for the need of the central nervous system. Neonatal hypoglycaemia commonly occurs in risk groups such as immature and ...
Diderholm, Barbro - - 2009
Glucose is the most important fetal energy substrate. During the third trimester increased maternal glucose production and insulin resistance improves fetal glucose availability. Maternal malnutrition, chronic disease and/or placental dysfunction can disturb glucose delivery, resulting in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and an infant born small for gestational age (SGA). Hypoglycaemia ...
de Silva, - - 2009
Most improvements gained during the past two decades in maternal and child nutrition can be attributed to the successful, countrywide maternal and child health programme of the Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka. Other supporting programmes to combat deficiencies of individual micronutrients have also contributed significantly. As the latest Demographic and ...
Muthayya, Sumithra - - 2009
The prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is higher in Asia than elsewhere, predominantly because of undernutrition of the mother prior to and during pregnancy. There are qualitative differences in dietary requirements
Fall, Caroline - - 2009
Nearly 20 years ago, it was discovered that low birthweight was associated with an increased risk of adult diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This led to the hypothesis that exposure to undernutrition in early life increases an individual's vulnerability to these disorders, by 'programming' permanent metabolic changes. Implicit in the ...
Malenfant, Chantal - - 2009
A comparative database with Tamil children [(0 to 6 yr old, south Indian (n=13) and Sri Lanka (n=69)] born in France (Paris and its suburbs, first generation) and those living in south India [(Tamil Nadu (n=43) and Kerala (n=66)] was created with the ultimate purpose of preventing deficiencies in children's ...
Kotecha, P.V. - - 2009
Background & objectives: In June 2000, Adolescent Anaemia Control Programme was initiated as a pilot programme in Vadodara district of Gujarat covering over 69000 girls in over 426 schools. Programme strategy was to provide once weekly fixed day (Wednesday) supervised iron folic acid (IFA) supplements to all adolescent girls in ...
Ramachandran, Prema - - 2009
Background & objectives: It is well documented that in preschool children undernutrition is associated with immune depression and increased risk of infections; infections aggravate undernutrition. Underweight is the most widely used indicator for assessment of undernutrition for investigating undernutrition and infection interactions. In India, nearly half the children are stunted ...
Bhattacharya, Susmita - - 2009
Background & objectives: There is resurgence of tuberculosis in recent years in spite of availability of comprehensive multidrug therapy. Conventional culture media require a long time for the appearance of growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, while the other methods are expensive. Hence, a rapid low cost and safe bilayered medium was ...
Rajendran, G. - - 2009
Background & objectives: Pirimiphos-methyl, an organophosphorus insecticide is known to overcome resistance mechanisms of mosquitoes to other organophosphates. Information on the duration of efficacy of pirimiphos-methyl (50% emulsifiable concentrate) for the control of immatures of Culex quinquefasciatus, the vector of bancroftian filariasis, is scanty and hence site specific field trials ...
Tripathy, Anuradha - - 2009
Background & objectives: Host genetic diversity is believed to contribute to the spectrum of clinical outcomes in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The present study aimed at finding out the frequencies of HLA class I and class II alleles of HCV infected individuals from western India.
Agrawala, P.K. - - 2009
Background & objectives: Hippophae rhamnoides L. has been widely exploited for medicinal purposes and an extract of its whole berries coded as RH-3 has been found to render radioprotection. Effect of pre-irradiation treatment of up to 10 [micro]g/ml RH-3 was studied in U 87 cells using MTT assay. This study ...
Bolhassani, Azam - - 2009
Background & objectives: Cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer among females worldwide, especially human papilloma viruses (HPV) types 16 and 18. In viral systems the identification of serological markers would facilitate the diagnosis of HPV infections and virus-related disease. The aim of the present investigation was to determine ...
Dinand, Veronique - - 2009
Background & objectives: Association of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is particularly high in low-income countries, and resistance to apoptosis might play a role in pathogenesis and survival. Data from previous studies are not consistent, and none is available in children. Thus this study was undertaken on Indian ...
Devi, V. - - 2009
Background & objectives: Automobile exhaust consists of many toxic components and is considered to be a major health concern in urban areas. Traffic policemen are occupationally exposed to vehicular exhaust during the traffic control. Hence, the present study was aimed to evaluate genotoxic effects of vehicular exhaust in traffic policemen ...
Sudeep, A.B. - - 2009
Ganjam virus (GANV), a member of genus Nairovirus of family Bunyavirdae is of considerable veterinary importance in India. Though, predominantly tick borne, GANV was also isolated from mosquitoes, man and sheep. Neutralizing and complement fixing antibodies to GANV have been detected in animal and human sera collected from different parts ...
Ravindra, P.V. - - 2009
Cancer is a major cause of deaths in humans. Though there has been significant progress in cancer therapy, the limited efficacy and toxicities of current chemo- and radiotherapies have provided an impetus for the search of new therapeutics. A therapeutic approach, which uses viruses for the treatment of cancer termed, ...
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