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Results 551 - 600 of 910
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Bennett, M. - - 2009
Russell, W.J. - - 2009
Ramaswamykanive, H. - - 2009
We report an unusual complication of pulmonary artery catheterisation related to the removal of the pulmonary artery catheter introducing sheath. The sheath had been accidentally tethered to the suture line of the superior vena cava following cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Physicians and nurses should abandon attempts to remove the pulmonary artery ...
Sharma, P. - - 2009
We report successful anaesthetic management of a foreign body in the airway, which migrated intraoperatively from one bronchus to the other causing life-threatening hypoxaemia.
Huberlant, V. - - 2009
A 41-year-old man with a previous kidney transplant was referred for arterial hypertension and acute renal failure. Initial neurological examination was normal. Laboratory data showed a high serum cyclosporine A concentration. A few hours later, he developed generalised tonic-clonic seizures. The brain computed tomogram was not remarkable, but Glasgow Coma ...
Ho, A.M.H. - - 2009
We describe a novel technique, previously applied to small children, for adult one-lung anaesthesia in which a single-lumen endotracheal tube is used with an endobronchial balloon blocker. The main aims of the technique are to reduce the likelihood of cephalad displacement of the balloon into the trachea and to facilitate ...
Scott, D.M. - - 2009
Deployment to a combat zone with the military poses many challenges to the anaesthetist. One of these challenges is the safe, rapid and comfortable initial wound management and repatriation of wounded combat soldiers to their home country or tertiary treatment facility for definitive care and rehabilitation. The current conflict in ...
Karanikolas, M. - - 2009
Thyroid storm is a rare but life-threatening condition manifesting with several clinical presentations. Atypical thyroid storm should be part of the differential diagnosis in patients with multiple organ dysfunction of unknown aetiology.
Hart, S.M. - - 2009
Electroencephalogram depth of anaesthesia monitors are increasingly being used, with the aim of reducing awareness during anaesthesia. Most literature concentrates on the ability of these monitors to predict when a patient is likely to be aware. This case report highlights the opposite problem, where the monitor (M-Entropy[TM]) indicated an awake ...
White, M.C. - - 2009
Many anaesthetists have found the size 1.5 classic Laryngeal Mask Airway unsuitable for use in children under 10 kg, whereas recent studies evaluating the ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) show high success rates, even during laparoscopic surgery. Our routine practice has been to use tracheal intubation for inguinal herniotomy in ...
Williams, D.L. - - 2009
We hypothesised that two new silicone disposable laryngeal mask airways, Meditech Systems Limited (MSL) and ProAct (PA), would perform similarly to the Classic[TM] Laryngeal Mask Airway (cLMA) in spontaneously breathing adult patients. One hundred and twenty consecutive adult patients were prospectively enrolled and randomly allocated to one of three groups ...
Anstey, C.M. - - 2009
The strong ion gap is a derived parameter used to quantify clinically significant but unmeasured charged species in human plasma. In the general population the strong ion gap has a mean value of approximately 0.0 mEq/l, but at present no reference range exists. This severely limits its clinical application. In ...
Chatterjee, I. - - 2009
This study reports the incidence, risk factors and mortality associated with a positive Enterococcus spp. isolate during admission to two tertiary intensive care units participating in an antibiotic cycling study. Incidence was low, with only 4.2% of admissions (36/852) at Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital and 2.8% (31/1104) at Westmead ...
Rashid, A.H. - - 2009
Computerised tomography (CT) with contrast is frequently used in intensive care. Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important complication largely studied in stable cardiology patients and can lead to acute renal failure. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of CIN in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting ...
Mariappa, V. - - 2009
We compared three different cricothyroidotomy techniques on a cadaveric porcine airway model to determine the most rapid, successful and safe method in emergency situations. In this observational comparative bench-test, surgical or scalpel cricothyroidotomy (ST), Cook Melker Cricothyrotomy Kit (CM) and Portex Cricothyroidotomy Kit (PCK) were evaluated. After a familiarisation program, ...
Hodgson, C.L. - - 2009
In the critical care setting it may be difficult to determine an accurate reading of oxygen saturation from digital sensors as a result of poor peripheral perfusion. Limited evidence suggests that forehead sensors may be more accurate in these patients. We prospectively compared the accuracy of a forehead reflectance sensor ...
Jones, T.E. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine whether creatinine clearance can be estimated as well by clearance of gentamicinltobramycin as by routine, non-invasive estimates in the intensive care unit.
Farrokhnia, F. - - 2009
The inflammatory reactions and tissue response after oesophagectomy are leading causes of postoperative morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the effects of intraoperative infusion of prostaglandin [E.sub.1] ([PGE.sub.1]) on interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, (A-a) D[O.sub.2], pulmonary function and complications. This randomised double-blind clinical trial study was performed on patients undergoing transthoracic oesophagectomy ...
Zhong, Z. - - 2009
Previous studies suggest that ropivacaine causes the least neurotoxicity among local anaesthetics. Most data derive from a single injection of ropivacaine into the subarachnoid space. The histological changes and behavioural effects of repeated intrathecal administration have yet to be studied. We examined the possible neurotoxicity of multiple doses of intrathecal ...
Koltka, K. - - 2009
The aim of this randomised double-blind study was to compare equipotent doses of plain ropivacaine and bupivacaine (19.5 mg and 13 mg respectively), both with fentanyl 20 l-[micro]g, for spinal anaesthesia in lower abdominal surgery.
Reeves, M. - - 2009
Intra-articular infusion of local anaesthetic after joint arthroplasty is attractive in that it is simple and will not cause motor block. However, the efficacy of the technique has yet to be established. We enrolled 66 patients scheduled for unilateral total knee arthroplasty under general anaesthesia and single-shot femoral and sciatic ...
Van Zundert, - - 2009
Simple vaporiser setting ([F.sub.D]) and fresh gas flow (FGF) sequences make the practice of low-flow anaesthesia not only possible but also easy to achieve. We sought to derive a sevoflurane [F.sub.D] sequence that maintains the end-expired sevoflurane concentration ([F.sub.A]sevo) at 1.3% using the fewest possible number of [F.sub.D] adjustments with ...
Castanelli, D.J. - - 2009
Changes in work practices have led to a decline in the opportunities for anaesthetic trainees to learn technical procedures in supervised practice. Efforts to mitigate medical error and other changes have coincided with the development of alternative training methods so that it is increasingly difficult to justify the traditional model ...
Inoue, S. - - 2009
Landiolol is a recently developed, selective short-acting [beta]1-antagonist. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of landiolol for suppressing haemodynamic changes induced by laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation (LTI) in Japanese patients.
- - 2009
Baker, A.B. - - 2009
Hart, M.R. - - 2009
Soil testing for plant-available phosphorus (P) in Australia is most commonly conducted using alkaline sodium bicarbonate extraction (Olsen or Colwell tests), followed by a colourimetric assay to measure the concentration of P in solution. Analysis by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopy has become increasingly popular internationally for other soil P ...
Murphy, D.V. - - 2009
Accurate and rapid prediction of the spatial structure of soil nitrogen (N) supply would have both economic and environmental benefits with respect to improved inorganic N fertiliser management. Yet traditional biochemical indices of soil N supply have not been widely incorporated into fertiliser decision support systems or environmental risk monitoring ...
Ross, D.J. - - 2009
Shmbland communities dominated by manuka (Leptospermum scoparium J. Forst. and G. Forst.) and kanuka (Kunzea ericoides var. ericoides ((A. Rich) J. Thompson) are widespread throughout New Zealand. They frequently colonise disturbed land surfaces and are important for erosion mitigation, and also for their capacity to act as a carbon (C) ...
Datta, S.C. - - 2009
The aim of this investigation is to study how adsorbed humus on clay minerals affects kinetics of dissolution of clay mineral by an organic acid in terms of K and Si release. Clay--humus complexes were isolated from soil samples collected from different depths of 2 soil profiles from an Inceptisol ...
Vieira, F.C.B. - - 2009
Nitrogen-fixing crops and N fertilisation increase soil acidification, but few studies have attempted to evaluate the capacity of soil organic matter to alleviate the Al toxicity in acid no-tilled soils. This study was carried out in a 21-year-old experiment aiming to evaluate the effect of crop systems [fallow/maize (Zea mays ...
Kaewmano, C. - - 2009
The aggregate stability of 56 salt-affected soil samples from the North-east Plateau, Thailand, was related to soil properties. The soils were Typic Natraqualfs and a Typic Endoaqualf, which are commonly used for paddy rice cultivation. The soil textures are mostly clays and clay loams with clay contents ranging from 313 ...
Ben-Hur, M. - - 2009
Hydraulic conductivity of soil is strongly dependent on soil structure, which can be degraded during wetting and leaching. It was hypothesised that this structural degradation is dependent on initial aggregate size distribution and soil texture. The general aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aggregate sizes and ...
Yavitt, J.B. - - 2009
We evaluated spatial heterogeneity for pH and a comprehensive set of nutrient and trace elements in surface (0-0.1m depth) and subsurface (0.3-0.4m depth) soils across 26.6ha of old-growth, lowland, tropical moist forest, established on a highly weathered soil in Panama. Little is known about spatial heterogeneity patterns of soil properties ...
Minasny, Budiman - - 2009
This paper demonstrates the application of near infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (NIR-DRS) measurements as part of digital soil mapping. We also investigate whether calibration functions developed from a spectral library can be used for rapid characterisation of soil properties in the field. Soil samples were collected along 24 toposequences in ...
Triantafilis, John - - 2009
At the field level the demand for spatial information of soil properties is rapidly increasing owing to its requirements in precision agriculture and soil management. One of the most important properties is the cation exchange capacity (CEC, cmol(+)/kg) because it is an index of the shrink--swell potential and hence is ...
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