Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 907
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Westhorpe, R.N. - - 2008
Mullins, G. - - 2008
Shipton, E.A. - - 2008
Forrest, P. - - 2008
Skinner, M.W. - - 2008
Beccaria, P. - - 2008
Bhagwat, A.G. - - 2008
Narang, S. - - 2008
Several additives have been combined with local anaesthetics for intravenous regional anaesthesia to improve block quality, analgesia and to decrease tourniquet pain. Magnesium sulphate is one potential additive. This prospective, randomised, double-blinded study was conducted in 30 ASA physical status I or II patients undergoing upper limb surgery under tourniquet. ...
Morgan, T.J. - - 2008
Fluid-induced metabolic acidosis can be harmful and can complicate cardiopulmonary bypass. In an attempt to prevent this disturbance, we designed a bicarbonate-based crystalloid circuit prime balanced on physico-chemical principles with a strong ion difference of 24 mEq/l and compared its acid-base effects with those of Plasma-Lyte 148, a multiple electrolyte ...
Fredrickson, M.J. - - 2008
Several barriers exist to the routine use of continuous interscalene block (CISB) for postoperative analgesia following rotator cuff repair. There is a perception that the technique is feasible only for single operators exposed to a high volume case load. The aim of this retrospective review was to compare the three ...
Duke, G.J. - - 2008
We compared the performance of six outcome prediction models--three based on 24-hour data and three based on admission-only data--in a metropolitan university-affiliated teaching hospital with a 10-bed intensive care unit. The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation models, version II (APACHE II) and version III-J, and the Simplified Acute Physiology ...
Zhou, Z.Q. - - 2008
Aortocaval compression is a major cause of maternal hypotension. A randomised controlled clinical trial was designed to compare two wedged supine positions for prevention of hypotension following combined spinal epidural anaesthesia for caesarean delivery. Sixty parturients undergoing elective caesarean delivery were randomly assigned to two different wedged supine positions. After ...
Leong, W.L. - - 2008
We report a case of palatopharyngeal wall perforation during intubation with a GlideScope[R] laryngoscope. The likely mechanism was advancing and rotating the endotracheal tube against a taut palatopharyngeal fold. This was missed during the initial laryngoscopy, because there is a potential blind-spot in the oropharynx when attention is focused on ...
Mulvey, J.M. - - 2008
A 22-year-old woman presented to hospital 10 days after emergency caesarean section with severe back pain, fever, tachycardia and a raised C-reactive protein. She had received labour epidural analgesia and was investigated for an epidural abscess. After repeat magnetic resonance imaging she was ultimately diagnosed with septic sacroiliitis. Although an ...
Rao, Y. - - 2008
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of pregnancy on the solubility of halogenated volatile anaesthetics in rat blood and tissues. Tissue samples from 10 pregnant and 10 non-pregnant adult female Sprague Dawley rats, including the heart, liver, kidney and brain, were obtained and made into respective homogenates. Blood/gas ...
Zhao, X. - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate if low doses of levobupivacaine (0.1%) produce complete sensory blockade in preoperative axillary brachial plexus block and to compare the effect of different doses of levobupivacaine on sensory and motor blockade.
Ryu, H.G. - - 2008
The mechanism of oxygenation improvement after recruitment manoeuvres or prone positioning in acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome is still unclear. We tried to determine the mechanism responsible for the effects of recruitment manoeuvres or prone positioning on lung aeration using a whole lung computed tomography scan in ...
Dernedde, M. - - 2008
This randomised and blinded study evaluated the quality of analgesia and the incidence of side-effects of two concentrations of levobupivacaine (0.15% and 0.5%) given as an equal mg-bolus-dose (5 mg) via patient-controlled epidural analgesia after lower abdominal surgery. The patients were randomly assigned into two groups to receive either 0.15% ...
Tan, L.H. - - 2008
Our research hypothesis was that single lung ventilation during thoracic surgery in the lateral position increases the blood concentration of propofol during target-controlled infusion.
Fung, N.Y. - - 2008
Somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring is an important tool in spinal corrective surgery. Anaesthesia has a significant influence on SSEP monitoring and a technique which has the least and shortest suppressant effect on SSEP while facilitating a fast recovery from anaesthesia is ideal. We compared the effect of sevoflurane/ remifentanil ...
Chia, A.C.L. - - 2008
A postal survey was sent to anaesthetic trainees in Hong Kong and Victoria, Australia to compare work-related stress levels. Demographic data were collected. Anaesthetist-specific stressors, Maslach Burnout Inventory and Global Job Satisfaction scores were used for psychological testing. The response rates from Hong Kong and Melbourne were 64 of 133 ...
Chappell, M.M. - - 2008
Epidural catheters can cause a number of rare, serious complications. The following case report describes a patient who received continuous epidural analgesia following radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. Fifty-three days after the cystectomy, the patient underwent emergency surgery for a metastasis at the vertebral level where the epidural catheter had ...
Davidson, A.J. - - 2008
The Bispectral Index (BIS) is one of the most frequently used electroencephalogram-derived depth of anaesthesia monitors. Previous studies in children have suggested BIS performs well in older children, however these studies have used earlier versions of the BIS device. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of ...
Joshi, M.C. - - 2008
Guillain-Barre syndrome, known for its diverse, atypical and heterogeneous range of presentations, can rarely present in an apparent comatose state with absent brainstem reflexes. Two patients presented in an unresponsive state with flaccid quadriplegia, total areflexia with no response to cephalic or peripheral painful stimuli. Pupils were mid-dilated with absent ...
Beccaria, P. - - 2008
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