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Ishii, Akihiro - - 2011
Filliol-Toutain, Ingrid - - 2011
Li, Linlin - - 2011
Cao, Zhenzhen - - 2011
Wagg, Adrian - - 2011
The prevalence of the overactive bladder (OAB) symptom complex increases with age. Older people also appear to experience more severe incontinence syndromes, including OAB, than their younger counterparts. Older patients are more likely than younger individuals to ask for medication for bladder problems and to require higher doses of medication. ...
Fowler, Clare - - 2011
While many neurologic diseases predispose patients to neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO), the only populations that have been systematically studied are adults with multiple sclerosis (MS), adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) and children and young adults with myelodysplasia. First-line pharmacotherapy for NDO is an anti-muscarinic drug. However, the evidence base ...
Chapple, Christopher - - 2011
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) can have multiple causes in men. Overactive bladder (OAB) is an empirical diagnosis used as the basis for initial management after assessing symptoms, physical findings, urinalysis and other indicated evaluations. In men, the diagnosis is complicated by the potential of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which ...
Cardozo, Linda - - 2011
Although the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) is similar in both male and female populations, females have a greater tendency to seek medical advice regarding their symptoms. A review of the evidence of therapy among women shows that a variety of modalities has been shown to be effective for symptom ...
Nitti, Victor - - 2011
While the diagnosis of overactive bladder (OAB) is made clinically, simple office testing (e.g., urinalysis and culture, assessment of post-void residual urine) should be part of the work-up of all patients with these symptoms. There are certain situations in which testing should be undertaken before initiating treatment or for monitoring ...
Wein, Alan - - 2011
The current definition of overactive bladder (OAB) is [quote]urgency, with or without urge incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia in the absence of an underlying metabolic or pathologic condition.[quote] Urgency, in turn, is defined as a [quote]sudden, compelling desire to pass urine that is difficult to defer.[quote] While these definitions ...
Corcos, Jacques - - 2011
Andersson, Karl-Erik - - 2011
Antimuscarinic drugs are still first-line treatment for the symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) and are associated with good initial response rates. Adverse effects and decreasing efficacy over the longer term do, however, limit their overall effectiveness. As such, alternatives to antimuscarinics are needed. The recognition of the functional contribution of ...
Tyagi, Pradeep - - 2011
Conventional wisdom now agrees that symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) seem to emanate from an aberration in the voiding reflex, leading to involuntary detrusor contractions of either neurogenic or myogenic origin. Furthermore, emerging evidence also encourages us to adopt a new paradigm, in which bladder urothelium is not just a ...
Chapple, Christopher - - 2011
A number of aspects of neural control are potentially important in the control of bladder function, including both sensory and motor and peripheral and central pathways. It is likely that a combination of disorders of both central and peripheral neural mechanisms is important in the genesis of urgency and the ...
Chaari, Chiraz - - 2011
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Smyth, Lisa - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory condition that primarily affects the lungs, lymphatic system and skin. Extra thoracic manifestations occur in about 50% of cases; however, it rarely affects the male reproductive tract. The first documented case of epididymal and testicular sarcoid in the Irish literature is of a 25-year-old male ...
Yalc─▒nkaya, Soner - - 2011
Polyorchidism is a rare anomaly and frequently associated with criptorchidism, inguinal hernia and testicular torsion. It is also reported as increased risk of testicular malignancy. We report a case of 23 year old man with left supernumerary testis in the left hemiscrotum. He presented with painless mass in his left ...
Lavallee, Luke - - 2011
We present a unique case of a sarcoma arising in a testicular non-seminomatous mixed germ cell tumour with a predominant yolk sac tumour (YST) component. This is the first case reported in which a sarcoma is linked to YST of the testis in a patient not having undergone prior chemotherapy. ...
Martínez-Sanchíz, Carlos - - 2011
Vesical nephrogenic adenoma is a rare, benign entity that appears most commonly in middle-aged males. Its etiology is unknown, but it has been linked to chronic irritating factors, such as infection, trauma, urological surgery, kidney stones, foreign bodies and chemical agents, such as Bacille Calmette-Guerin. We report 2 new cases ...
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