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Results 401 - 450 of 669
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Hodge, David - - 2010
At the turn of the century, the Joint Commission--the nation's largest health care accrediting organization--began requiring spiritual assessments in hospitals and many other mental health settings frequented by Native Americans. Despite high levels of service use, culturally unique forms of spirituality, and a history of oppression in mainstream settings, no ...
Yap, Stanley - - 2010
Glucocorticosteroid use has proven beneficial for the management of many medical conditions. Unfortunately its anti-inflammatory properties also profoundly affect many aspects of wound healing. We present a case of an unusual presentation of an artificial urinary sphincter erosion in a patient treated with chronic high-dose steroids.
Tosun, Migraci - - 2010
The intrauterine device (IUD) is common method of contraception among women because of its low cost and high efficacy. Perforations are possible; most perforations occur at the time of insertion, yet the complication can occur with a previously inserted IUD. Perforation of the bladder by an IUD is extremely rare. ...
Choo, Richard - - 2010
There has been a paucity of research describing a potential role of radiotherapy as salvage treatment for recurrent seminoma following primary chemotherapy for bulky stage IIC seminoma. We report a case of a bulky stage IIC seminoma relapsed in the pelvis after primary chemotherapy and surgery for post-chemotherapy residual mass, ...
Toren, Paul - - 2010
Increasing data advocates the wider use of partial nephrectomy for renal tumours amenable to this approach. We describe the initial North American use of a novel parenchymal clamp in an open and a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Initial results in 3 patients (2 open, 1 laparoscopic) demonstrate excellent preservation of renal ...
Lau, Paul - - 2010
Carcinoma cuniculatum of the penis is an extremely rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma characterized by an endophytic deeply branching and burrowing growth pattern. One documented case series demonstrated afflicted patients ranging in age from 73-83 years with the tumour located on the glans penis, coronal sulcus or foreskin. We ...
Dangle, Pankaj - - 2010
Suprapubic catheters are used routinely for bladder drainage; however, complications are commonly reported. These complications could be attributed to surgical technique or the catheter itself. Complications related to surgical technique can be controlled and reduced, but catheter-related complications are unavoidable and unpredictable. We report a rare catheter-related complication leading to ...
Psooy, Karen - - 2010
This report presents 2 cases of females (a prepubertal and a pre-menopausal female) with dribbling [quote]incontinence[quote] caused by vaginal entrapment of bathwater. In the first case, an 8-year-old girl presented with a history of bothersome wetness of her underwear, noted mainly in the morning. History revealed that she bathed almost ...
Reguly, Brian - - 2010
Recently, we described a 3.4-kb mitochondrial genome deletion having significance for identifying malignant and benign prostate tissues (p [less than] 0.001). This biomarker was also present in normal appearing tissue, in close proximity to a tumour indicating a [quote]field effect.[quote] In the present study, we report 4 cases (3 malignant, ...
Rogers, Benedict - - 2010
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a common cause of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Patients undergoing major orthopaedic surgery, including hip and knee arthroplasty, represent a group that is at particularly high risk for VTE, especially patients with risk factors (age >60 years, ...
Nicholas-Holley, Jane - - 2010
There is increasing need for suitably trained perioperative staff to work within the recovery room (or post anaesthetic care unit) especially where our patients are children. There appears to be a lack of paediatric nurses applying for and taking up recovery posts, therefore making recruitment of staff problematic. A solution ...
Khan, Sohail - - 2010
Knowledge has no borders; wisdom has no race or nationality.
Dhinsa, Baljinder - - 2010
With the ever-increasing number of patients with diabetes undergoing surgical procedures, effective perioperative management of diabetes mellitus has become progressively more important. In this review we discuss a number of strategic approaches to improve perioperative management, where the fine balance between aggressive blood glucose management and prevention of hypoglycaemia must ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2010
I think it is true to say that most of us in healthcare regard blood transfusion as just a routine, although very important, part of the care of patients undergoing major surgery. Yet behind that container of blood dripping into your patient lies a long and fascinating story of the ...
Rothwell, Ann - - 2010
Gas gangrene is a painful, rapidly developing and potentially fatal infection despite antibiotic treatment. During the First World War thousands of soldiers died from this disease. Dr Alexis Carrel pioneered a controversial method of irrigating wounds with Dakin's solution to destroy Clostridium perfringens, a bacterium found in heavily fertilised soils ...
- - 2010
Chowdhury, Fahmida - - 2010
A 12-year old girl from Uttar Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh, was admitted to the Dhaka Hospital of ICDDR,B, with a 23-day history of fever and diarrhoea. After admission, she was treated for culture-proven Salmonella Typhi-associated infection and was discovered to be heterozygous for haemoglobin E. Despite treatment with appropriate antibiotics, the ...
Alam, Nurul - - 2010
The health system of a country needs to be adjusted to patterns of morbidity and mortality to mitigate the income-erosion consequences of prolonged ill-health and premature death of adults. Population-based data on mortality by cause are a key to modifying the health system. However, these data are scarce, particularly for ...
Gunnsteinsson, Snaebjorn - - 2010
This study aimed to construct indices of living standards in rural Bangladesh that could be useful to study health outcomes or identify target populations for poverty-alleviation programmes. The indices were constructed using principal component analysis of data on household assets and house construction materials. Their robustness and use was tested ...
Balsara, Z.P. - - 2010
Afghans comprise one of the largest groups of refugees in the world, with the majority living in Pakistan. The objective of this study was to identify commonly-occurring reproductive tract infections (RTIs), describe knowledge of women about RTIs, and assess physical and behavioural factors contributing to the development of RTIs. Afghan ...
Mukhopadhyay, Prianka - - 2010
Teenage pregnancy is a worldwide problem bearing serious social and medical implications relating to maternal and child health. A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken to compare the different sociodemographic characteristics and perinatal outcomes of teenage primigravida mothers with those of adult primigravida mothers in a tertiary-care hospital in eastern India. ...
Samba, C. - - 2010
A nationally-representative sample of 2,696 preschool children living in Congo was examined during August-September 2003 to determine the rates of vitamin A deficiency. Ninety clusters of 30 children, aged six months to six years, were selected, using a randomized two-level cluster-sampling method. Vitamin A deficiency was determined by assessing the ...
Nahar, Baitun - - 2010
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a serious health problem among young children in Bangladesh. PEM increases childhood morbidity and mortality. Information is needed on the major risk factors for PEM to assist with the design and targeting of appropriate prevention programmes. To compare the underlying characteristics of children, aged 6-24 months, ...
Lin, Chih-Kuang - - 2010
Renal disease is one of the top 10 leading causes of death, and the incidence of end-stage renal disease in Taiwan is the highest in the world. Many dietitians consider the diet of plant origin consumed by vegans to be 'lighter' and 'more healthful' than the diet of both plant ...
Roth, Daniel - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency is a global public-health concern, even in tropical regions where the risk of deficiency was previously assumed to be low due to cutaneous vitamin D synthesis stimulated by exposure to sun. Poor vitamin D status, indicated by low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], has been observed ...
Ali, Mohammad - - 2010
This study aims at understanding the individual and community-level characteristics that influenced participation in two consecutive vaccine trials (typhoid and cholera) in urban slums of Kolkata, India. The study area was divided into 80 geographic clusters (communities), with 59,533 subjects aged >2 years for analysis. A multi-level model was employed ...
Ahmed, Monir - - 2010
Gonorrhoea is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in developing countries, and the emergence of resistance to antimicrobial agents in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major obstacle in the control of gonorrhoea. Periodical monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility of N. gonorrhoeae is essential for the early detection of emergence ...
Anh, Dang - - 2010
The aim of this study was to estimate the costs of treatment of children who present with the signs and symptoms of invasive bacterial diseases in Khanh Hoa province, Viet Nam. The study was an incidencebased cost-of-illness analysis from the health system perspective. The hospital costs included labour, materials and ...
Yongsi, H. Blaise - - 2010
Although many African countries, along the equator, receive a great amount of rainfall and possess a dense hydrographie network, access to drinking-water remains a great challenge. In many households, water is used for various purposes, including domestic and crafts activities. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated four billion ...
Requejo, Jennifer - - 2010
This article reviews the importance of regional initiatives in the context of global efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goal 4 and 5 and describes the action-oriented multi-country healthcare professional association (HCPA) workshops organized by the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health. The South Asian HCPA workshop served as ...
Vlok, A.J. - - 2010
Background. Shallow-water diving injuries have devastating consequences for patients and their families, requiring intensive use of resources in both the acute and rehabilitative phases of injury. With the final clinical outcome often poor, the question is raised as to whether a target group can be identified for whom to implement ...
Ingle, Suzanne - - 2010
Objective. To assess differences in access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) and patient outcomes across public sector treatment facilities in the Free State province, South Africa.
van Schaik, - - 2010
Objectives. To assess the age and gender differences of clients accessing mobile HIV counselling and testing (HCT) compared with clients accessing facility-based testing, and to determine the difference in HIV prevalence and baseline CD4 counts.
Ramlall, Suvira - - 2010
Background. The South African Mental Health Care Act (the Act) No. 17 of 2002 stipulated that regional and district hospitals be designated to admit, observe and treat mental health care users (MHCUs) for 72 hours before they are transferred to a psychiatric hospital.
Burns, Jonathan - - 2010
Background. Globally, a significant 'mental health gap' exists between the major burden of mental and substance use disorders and the provision of psychiatric and mental health services. As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, South Africa has committed itself to transformation aimed at ...
Abrahams, Lameze - - 2010
Bateman, Chris - - 2010
Broomberg, Jonathan - - 2010
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