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Results 251 - 300 of 769
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Macpherson, Brooke - - 2010
When emergency and waiting list data are submitted by health services to the Victorian Department of Health they are not ready for immediate use. Data must undergo further edit and rule checks before they can be declared fit for purpose and made available for internal and external stakeholder use. Further ...
Baum, Scott - - 2010
The development of locally-based healthcare initiatives, such as community health coalitions that focus on capacity building programs and multi-faceted responses to long-term health problems, have become an increasingly important part of the public health landscape. As a result of their complexity and the level of investment, it has become necessary ...
Watson, Phyllis - - 2010
Murphy, Deirdre - - 2010
Recognition of skilled coders' work within the Irish health system is long overdue. A project being undertaken in Ireland now by the central office for coding at the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) is exploring ways to raise the coders' profile, promote a profession of clinical coders and ensure ...
Bugeja, Lyndal - - 2010
Availability of ICD-10 cause of death codes in the National Coroners Information System (NCIS) strengthens its value as a public health surveillance tool. This study quantified the completeness of external cause ICD-10 codes in the NCIS for Victorian deaths (as assigned by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in the ...
Luca, Mary - - 2010
Animal studies have demonstrated the ability of both sodium-hydrogen exchange inhibitors and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors to reduce infarct size and preserve postischemic ventricular function following ischemia and reperfusion (IR) injury. Whether these interventions can also prevent IR-induced impairment of endothelial function in humans has not been investigated. We performed 2 ...
Glover, Mark - - 2010
Cation transport in the distal mammalian nephron relies on the SLC12 family of membrane cotransporters that include the thiazide-sensitive [Na.sup.+]-[Cl.sup.-] cotransporter (NCC). NCC is regulated through a scaffold of interacting proteins, including the WNK kinases, WNK 1 and WNK 4, which are mutated in the hypertensive Gordon's syndrome. Dynamic regulation ...
Du, Qiang - - 2010
Paeonol, the main active component isolated from Moutan Cortex, possesses extensive pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and immunoregulatory effects. In the present study, we examined the effects of paeonol on airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in a mouse model of allergic asthma. BALB/c mice sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin were ...
Jaitovich, Maria - - 2010
The goal of the present study was to assess the effects of a restricted feeding schedule (RFS) on postischemic contractile recovery in relation to triacylglycerol (TAG), glycogen, and ATP content. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) activity, reduced/oxidized glutathione ratio (GSH/GSSG), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels were also determined. Isolated rat ...
Sangeetha, R.K. - - 2010
Retinol (ROH) and provitamin-A carotenoids are recommended to treat ROH deficiency. Xanthophyll carotenoids, being potent antioxidants, can modulate health disorders. We hypothesize that nonprovitamin-A carotenoids may yield ROH and suppress lipid peroxidation under ROH deficiency. This study aimed to (i) study the possible bioconversion of astaxanthin and lutein to ROH ...
Bullimore, Sharon - - 2010
The maximal shortening velocity of a muscle ([V.sub.max]) provides a link between its macroscopic properties and the underlying biochemical reactions and is altered in some diseases. Two methods that are widely used for determining Vmax are afterloaded and isotonic release contractions. To determine whether these two methods give equivalent results, ...
Li, Jian-Zhe - - 2010
Dysfunction of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves is involved in cardiac remodeling, and rutaecarpine has been shown to exert a beneficial effect on cardiac function through activating the sensory nerves. This study was conducted to explore the potential inhibitory effect of rutaecarpine on cardiac remodeling and the underlying mechanisms. A rat cardiac ...
Rechka, Abdennebi - - 2010
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated inflammation requires the synthesis of acute platelet-activating factor (PAF) by endothelial cells (ECs). We previously reported that VEGF-mediated PAF synthesis involves the activation of the homodimeric tyrosine kinase receptor VEGFR-2/R-2, leading to the recruitment of p38 and p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and activation of ...
Lowe, Stacey - - 2010
Although fundamental factors limiting geographic ranges are understood for many animal species, there is less certainty regarding how such factors influence the behavior of individuals near distributional edges. We tested the hypothesis that climate limits the southern distribution of moose (Alces alces (L., 1758)) by documenting space use and behavior ...
Ahlers, A.A. - - 2010
Increased agricultural production within the Grand Prairie region, USA, has resulted in drainage of most natural wetlands within the landscape. Muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus (L., 1766)) in this region have shifted much of their distribution to riparian habitats that have unstable flow regimes and flood inundation times that could be related ...
De Neve, - - 2010
Sexual dimorphism and age-related differences are sources that contribute to morphologic and physiologic variation within animal populations. Measurement of animal performance may indicate whether this variation is functionally relevant. Our study aimed to experimentally test this statement in a captive population of House Sparrows (Passer domesticus (L., 1758)) by examining ...
Nicolai, A. - - 2010
When a life history is characterized by both seasonality in reproduction and seasonality in offspring fitness, trade-offs in reproductive traits might be adjustments to seasonal time constraints to optimize reproductive success. Therefore, we compared in the laboratory the trade-offs in reproductive traits between early (after maturity) and delayed (after dormancy) ...
Piascik, Edyta - - 2010
During mating, the female Carolina ground cricket (Eunemobius carolinus (Scudder, 1877)) chews specialized spurs on the male's hind tibia for access to his hemolymph. One potential benefit to spur chewing includes nutritional acquisition from male hemolymph. A method for testing this hypothesis is to manipulate food quality or quantity, with ...
Spalinger, D.E. - - 2010
Recent work suggests that moose (Alces alces (L., 1758)) in the boreal ecoregion may be nutritionally limited by the availability of protein as a consequence of both low nitrogen (N) concentrations and high tannin levels in their principal foods. However, the ability of moose to digest protein in the presence ...
DeMots, Rachel - - 2010
Stable isotope analysis has become an increasingly valuable tool in investigating animal ecology. Here we document the turnover rates for carbon in the liver, muscle, and whole blood tissue, as well as the tissue--diet discrimination values for carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the liver, whole blood, muscle, and hair, of ...
Brook, Ryan - - 2010
I examined the home range and habitat selection of 146 radio-collared female elk (Cervus elaphus L., 1758) from 2002 to 2005 during the calving period (15 May to 24 June). I determined the proportion of home ranges of parturient cow elk during the calving period and the proportion of birthing ...
Macbeth, B.J. - - 2010
Human-caused landscape change negatively affects the sustainability of many wildlife populations. In Alberta, Canada, grizzly bears (Ursus arctos L., 1758) live in one of the most populated and heavily exploited landscapes in which the species survives. Long-term physiological stress in individual animals may be the predominant mechanism linking landscape change ...
Bi, Yu-Ping - - 2010
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is one of the most important oil crops in the world. However, biotechnological based improvement of peanut is far behind many other crops. It is critical and urgent to establish the biotechnological platform for peanut germplasm innovation. In this study, a peanut seed cDNA library was ...
Barchi, Lorenzo - - 2010
An anther-derived doubled haploid (DH) population and an [F.sub.2] mapping population were developed from an intraspecific hybrid between the eggplant breeding lines 305E40 and 67/3. The former incorporates an introgressed segment from Solanum aethiopicum Gilo Group carrying the gene Rfo-sa1, which confers resistance to Fusarium oxysporwn; the latter is a ...
Xu, Jianping - - 2010
The 53rd annual conference of the Genetics Society of Canada was held at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, from 17 to 20 June 2010. About 100 geneticists from across Canada and the US attended the meeting, with a total of 27 posters and 55 oral presentations. The presentations highlighted the ...
Perthuy, Gisele - - 2010
Eryngium L. (Umbelliferae) is a large genus including more than 250 species worldwide. The large morphological variability in this genus makes it difficult to delimit the species or to establish phylogenetic relationships. The occurrence of different ploidy levels within the genus might indicate a hybrid origin of the polyploid species. ...
Duressa, Dechassa - - 2010
Micromolar concentration of magnesium (Mg) in culture solution is known to ameliorate aluminum (Al) toxicity in soybean and other leguminous species. To advance the understanding of this phenomenon at the level of gene expression in soybean, we undertook a comparative transcriptome analysis using DNA microarrays and Al-tolerant and Alsensitive genotypes ...
Fan, Jing - - 2010
Three puiaiive terpenoid UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) genes, designated CsUGT1, CsUGT2, and CsUGT3, were isolated and characterized in 'Valencia' sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck), CsUGT1 consisted of 1493 nucleotides with an open reading frame encoding 492 amino acids, CsUGT2 consisted of 1727 nucleotides encoding 504 amino acids, and CsUGT3 consisted of ...
Pedersen, M. - - 2010
ATM-related kinases promote repair of DNA double-strand breaks and maintenance of chromosome telomeres, functions that are essential for chromosome structural integrity in all eukaryolic organisms. In humans, loss of ATM function is associated with ataxia telangiectasia, a neurodegenerative disease characterized by extreme sensitivity to DNA damage. Drosophila melanogaster has recently ...
Wang, Jin - - 2010
QTL analysis using a [BC.sub.5][F.sub.2:3] mapping population derived from a cross between Am3, a synthetic hexaploid wheat as a donor parent, and Laizhou953, a Chinese winter wheat cultivar as a recurrent parent, showed that variation at the microsatellite locus Xgwm113 on chromosome 4B was associated with variation in grain number ...
Mehes-Smith, Melanie - - 2010
Genome organization in the family Pinaceae is complex and largely unknown. The main purpose of the present study was to develop and physically map species-diagnostic and species-specific molecular markers in pine and spruce. Five RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) and one ISSR (inter-simple sequence repeat) species-diagnostic or species- specific markers ...
Damaj, Mona - - 2010
The availability of a wider range of promoters for regulated expression in valuable transgenic crops would benefit functional genomics studies and current biotechnology programs aimed at improved productivity. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based genome walking techniques are commonly used to isolate promoters or 5' flanking genomic regions adjacent to known cDNA ...
Haerty, Wilfried - - 2010
For decades proteins were thought to interact in a "lock and key" system, which led to the definition of a paradigm linking stable three-dimensional structure to biological function. As a consequence, any non-structured peptide was considered to be nonfunctional and to evolve neutrally. Surprisingly, the most commonly shared peptides between ...
Iwata, Natsuko - - 2010
The effects of QTLs are demons (rated basically within the population used in the original QTL analysis as the difference between the alleles of the parental varieties. For the efficient use of QTLs in breeding programs, it is necessary to assess whether the QTL exhibits its genetic effect when it ...
Bouras, Noureddine - - 2010
The fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis can infect wheat kernels, causing red smudge, and has been shown to produce the anthraquinone mycotoxins emodin, catenarin, and islandicin. The growth of 8 fungal isolates from diverse regions was evaluated on various culture media and was found to be generally slowest on the semisynthetic Fries ...
Cardoso, Patricia - - 2010
Recombinant Penicillium griseoroseum strain 105 overproduces an extracellular pectin lyase (PL) under the transcriptional control of the strong gpdA promoter of Aspergillus nidulans. Our aim was to evaluate PL production by recombinant P. griseoroseum strain 105 in submerged fermentation system bioreactors BioFloIII and BioFloIV using 2 or 10 L working ...
Roberts, Daniel - - 2010
Environmentally compatible control measures are needed for suppression of Phytophthora capsici on pepper. Twenty-three isolates of Trichoderma were screened for suppression of a mixture of 4 genetically distinct isolates of this pathogen on bell pepper (Capsicum anuum) in greenhouse pot assays. Of these 23 isolates, GL12, GL13, and Th23 provided ...
Ahmed, Warish - - 2010
This paper aimed to assess the magnitude of sewage pollution in an urban lake in Dhaka, Bangladesh, by using quantitative PCR of sewage-associated Bacteroides HF183 markers. PCR was also used for the quantitative detection of ruminant wastewater-associated CF128 markers along with the enumeration of traditional fecal indicator bacteria, namely enterococci. ...
Olapade, Ola - - 2010
Bacterial community diversity in marine bacterioplankton assemblages were examined in 3 coastal locations along the northeastern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) using 16S rRNA gene libraries and fluorescence in situ hybridization approaches. The majority of the sequences (30%-60%) were similar to the 16S rRNA gene sequences of unknown bacteria; however, the ...
Spadaro, Davide - - 2010
The effect of freeze-drying using different lyoprotectants at different concentrations on the viability and biocontrol efficacy of Metschnikowia pulcherrima was evaluated. The effects of initial yeast cell concentration and culture age on viability were also considered. Yeast cells grown for 36 h were more resistant to freeze-drying than were 48 ...
Shrivastava, Manoj - - 2010
Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSBs) were isolated from different plant rhizosphere soils of various agroecological regions of India. These isolates showed synthesis of pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), production of gluconic acid, and release of phosphorus from insoluble tricalcium phosphate. The bacterial isolates synthesizing PQQ also showed higher tolerance to ultraviolet C radiation and ...
Yousuf, Snowber - - 2010
This study was carried out to show the effect of diallyldisulphide (DADS), an important organosulphur compound found in garlic (Allium sativum), on antioxidant systems in Candida species. Changes in antioxidant metabolites and antioxidant activity in the presence of DADS were found in Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis. Candida cells were ...
Limam, Rim - - 2010
We collected samples of anaerobic landfill leachate from municipal solid waste landfill (Vert-le-Grand, France) and constructed 16S rRNA clone libraries using primers targeting Planctomycetes and relatives (Pla46F and 1390R). Analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences resulted in the abundant representation of WWE2-related Lentisphaerae, members of the phylum Lentisphaerae, in the ...
Dinarieva, Tatiana - - 2010
The iron-oxidizing system of a moderately thermophilic, extremely acidophilic, gram-positive mixotroph, Sulfobacillus sibiricus [N1.sup.T], was studied by spectroscopic, high-performance liquid chromatography and inhibitory analyses. Hemes B, A, and O were detected in membranes of S. sibiricus [N1.sup.T]. It is proposed that the electron transport chain from [Fe.sup.2+] to [O.sup.2] is ...
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