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Results 501 - 550 of 769
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Rogers, Benedict - - 2010
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a common cause of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Patients undergoing major orthopaedic surgery, including hip and knee arthroplasty, represent a group that is at particularly high risk for VTE, especially patients with risk factors (age >60 years, ...
Nicholas-Holley, Jane - - 2010
There is increasing need for suitably trained perioperative staff to work within the recovery room (or post anaesthetic care unit) especially where our patients are children. There appears to be a lack of paediatric nurses applying for and taking up recovery posts, therefore making recruitment of staff problematic. A solution ...
Khan, Sohail - - 2010
Knowledge has no borders; wisdom has no race or nationality.
Dhinsa, Baljinder - - 2010
With the ever-increasing number of patients with diabetes undergoing surgical procedures, effective perioperative management of diabetes mellitus has become progressively more important. In this review we discuss a number of strategic approaches to improve perioperative management, where the fine balance between aggressive blood glucose management and prevention of hypoglycaemia must ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2010
I think it is true to say that most of us in healthcare regard blood transfusion as just a routine, although very important, part of the care of patients undergoing major surgery. Yet behind that container of blood dripping into your patient lies a long and fascinating story of the ...
Rothwell, Ann - - 2010
Gas gangrene is a painful, rapidly developing and potentially fatal infection despite antibiotic treatment. During the First World War thousands of soldiers died from this disease. Dr Alexis Carrel pioneered a controversial method of irrigating wounds with Dakin's solution to destroy Clostridium perfringens, a bacterium found in heavily fertilised soils ...
Beaton, Laura - - 2010
Previous studies have demonstrated that plants collected as seeds from roadside populations of Dipsacus fullonum L. subsp sylvestris (Huds.) Claphamare more tolerant of high salinity, low osmotic potentials, and hypoxia during juvenile growth stages than those from oldfield populations. However, it is unclear how tolerance to these abiotic stressors translates ...
Yaakoubi, Hnia - - 2010
In this study, we examined the relevance of polyphenols in the response of sunflower plants to acute Cu and Cd stresses. More specifically, we aimed to correlate spatially and temporally the accumulation of polyphenols with the occurrence of oxidative stress, and to estimate their contribution to the antioxidant capacities. Under ...
Chavez, Virginia - - 2010
We explored interactions among plant growth forms in the understory of mature boreal mixedwood forests in western Canada by investigating the competitive influence of erect shrubs on herbs (forbs and grasses). We established 10 pairs of plots; all erect shrubs were removed in one plot of each pair (removals) and ...
Schafer, Angela - - 2010
The plant-parasitic genus Microbotryum (Pucciniomycotina) has been used as a model for various biological studies, but fundamental aspects of its life history have not been documented in detail. The smut fungus is characterized by a dimorphic life cycle with a haploid saprophytic yeast-like stage and a dikaryotic plant-parasitic stage, which ...
Lamia, Hamrouni - - 2010
The salinity tolerance and development of diverse myrtle ecotypes were evaluated in relation to salinity, at the germination and plantlet stages. Six myrtle ecotypes (Tebaba, Jbel Abderahmane, Diar Ferjan, Ain Bacouehe. Ain Dhebla. and Ouehetata) were used to conduct germination tests, as well as cultivation to the plantlet stage. Disinfected ...
Piercey-Normore, Michele - - 2010
Peatlands, including plateaus, palsas, or polygons, contain a diversity of lichens and bryophytes that dominate northern ecosystems. Studies on the lichen diversity of peatlands in Wapusk National Park on the Hudson Bay Lowlands in Manitoba are rare. The goal of this study was to examine the species diversity of lichen-forming ...
Matsuyama, Shuhei - - 2010
Sexual dimorphisms are often found in reproductive allocation and vegetative growth, and these sexual dimorphisms may lead to a reduction of subsequent reproductive allocation in woody dioecious species. However, in some species, female-biased reproductive allocation does not result in a reduction of subsequent reproductive allocation in females. To clarify the ...
Liu, Fan - - 2010
Both historical (e.g., glaciations) and spatial (geological features) factors are considered to have had significant influences on the distribution and genetic structure of many plants. To understand the effects of such factors on the current genetic and geographical distributions of plant species in the Nanling and central regions in China, ...
- - 2010
Chowdhury, Fahmida - - 2010
A 12-year old girl from Uttar Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh, was admitted to the Dhaka Hospital of ICDDR,B, with a 23-day history of fever and diarrhoea. After admission, she was treated for culture-proven Salmonella Typhi-associated infection and was discovered to be heterozygous for haemoglobin E. Despite treatment with appropriate antibiotics, the ...
Alam, Nurul - - 2010
The health system of a country needs to be adjusted to patterns of morbidity and mortality to mitigate the income-erosion consequences of prolonged ill-health and premature death of adults. Population-based data on mortality by cause are a key to modifying the health system. However, these data are scarce, particularly for ...
Gunnsteinsson, Snaebjorn - - 2010
This study aimed to construct indices of living standards in rural Bangladesh that could be useful to study health outcomes or identify target populations for poverty-alleviation programmes. The indices were constructed using principal component analysis of data on household assets and house construction materials. Their robustness and use was tested ...
Balsara, Z.P. - - 2010
Afghans comprise one of the largest groups of refugees in the world, with the majority living in Pakistan. The objective of this study was to identify commonly-occurring reproductive tract infections (RTIs), describe knowledge of women about RTIs, and assess physical and behavioural factors contributing to the development of RTIs. Afghan ...
Mukhopadhyay, Prianka - - 2010
Teenage pregnancy is a worldwide problem bearing serious social and medical implications relating to maternal and child health. A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken to compare the different sociodemographic characteristics and perinatal outcomes of teenage primigravida mothers with those of adult primigravida mothers in a tertiary-care hospital in eastern India. ...
Samba, C. - - 2010
A nationally-representative sample of 2,696 preschool children living in Congo was examined during August-September 2003 to determine the rates of vitamin A deficiency. Ninety clusters of 30 children, aged six months to six years, were selected, using a randomized two-level cluster-sampling method. Vitamin A deficiency was determined by assessing the ...
Nahar, Baitun - - 2010
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a serious health problem among young children in Bangladesh. PEM increases childhood morbidity and mortality. Information is needed on the major risk factors for PEM to assist with the design and targeting of appropriate prevention programmes. To compare the underlying characteristics of children, aged 6-24 months, ...
Lin, Chih-Kuang - - 2010
Renal disease is one of the top 10 leading causes of death, and the incidence of end-stage renal disease in Taiwan is the highest in the world. Many dietitians consider the diet of plant origin consumed by vegans to be 'lighter' and 'more healthful' than the diet of both plant ...
Roth, Daniel - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency is a global public-health concern, even in tropical regions where the risk of deficiency was previously assumed to be low due to cutaneous vitamin D synthesis stimulated by exposure to sun. Poor vitamin D status, indicated by low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], has been observed ...
Ali, Mohammad - - 2010
This study aims at understanding the individual and community-level characteristics that influenced participation in two consecutive vaccine trials (typhoid and cholera) in urban slums of Kolkata, India. The study area was divided into 80 geographic clusters (communities), with 59,533 subjects aged >2 years for analysis. A multi-level model was employed ...
Ahmed, Monir - - 2010
Gonorrhoea is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in developing countries, and the emergence of resistance to antimicrobial agents in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major obstacle in the control of gonorrhoea. Periodical monitoring of antimicrobial susceptibility of N. gonorrhoeae is essential for the early detection of emergence ...
Anh, Dang - - 2010
The aim of this study was to estimate the costs of treatment of children who present with the signs and symptoms of invasive bacterial diseases in Khanh Hoa province, Viet Nam. The study was an incidencebased cost-of-illness analysis from the health system perspective. The hospital costs included labour, materials and ...
Yongsi, H. Blaise - - 2010
Although many African countries, along the equator, receive a great amount of rainfall and possess a dense hydrographie network, access to drinking-water remains a great challenge. In many households, water is used for various purposes, including domestic and crafts activities. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated four billion ...
Requejo, Jennifer - - 2010
This article reviews the importance of regional initiatives in the context of global efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goal 4 and 5 and describes the action-oriented multi-country healthcare professional association (HCPA) workshops organized by the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health. The South Asian HCPA workshop served as ...
Vlok, A.J. - - 2010
Background. Shallow-water diving injuries have devastating consequences for patients and their families, requiring intensive use of resources in both the acute and rehabilitative phases of injury. With the final clinical outcome often poor, the question is raised as to whether a target group can be identified for whom to implement ...
Ingle, Suzanne - - 2010
Objective. To assess differences in access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) and patient outcomes across public sector treatment facilities in the Free State province, South Africa.
van Schaik, - - 2010
Objectives. To assess the age and gender differences of clients accessing mobile HIV counselling and testing (HCT) compared with clients accessing facility-based testing, and to determine the difference in HIV prevalence and baseline CD4 counts.
Ramlall, Suvira - - 2010
Background. The South African Mental Health Care Act (the Act) No. 17 of 2002 stipulated that regional and district hospitals be designated to admit, observe and treat mental health care users (MHCUs) for 72 hours before they are transferred to a psychiatric hospital.
Burns, Jonathan - - 2010
Background. Globally, a significant 'mental health gap' exists between the major burden of mental and substance use disorders and the provision of psychiatric and mental health services. As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, South Africa has committed itself to transformation aimed at ...
Abrahams, Lameze - - 2010
Bateman, Chris - - 2010
Broomberg, Jonathan - - 2010
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