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Results 301 - 350 of 682
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Parker, John - - 2009
The use of psychiatric medication in patients with HIV infection is a complex area, but given the high rates of psychiatric disorder in this populationh--possibly as high as 50% (1)--it deserves further consideration. A number of issues need to be thought about, including the nature of both the psychiatric illness ...
Ogunrin, Olubunmi - - 2009
Objective. Information on the cognitive complications of HIV/AIDS from sub-Saharan Africa, where statistics on HIV are alarming, is sparse because of lack of validated cognitive tools. This study assessed the usefulness and predictive validity of the HIV Dementia Scale (HDS) as a screening tool in HIV-positive Nigerians.
Hoare, Jackie - - 2009
Advanced HIV disease is strongly associated with an increased occurrence of various neuropsychiatric disorders, (1) and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is an important aspect of managing these conditions effectively. (2) In addition, there is growing recognition that many HIV-infected individuals will develop neuropsychiatric disorders relatively early in the course ...
Singh, Dinesh - - 2009
Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) occurs in 10-60% of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), depending on the severity of the NCI and the stage of the disease. The clinical features and definitions have evolved over the past two decades. HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) is a new term used to describe the spectrum ...
Boyles, Tom - - 2009
While HIV invades the brain early in the course of HIV infection, (1) severe mental illness probably only occurs later in the disease. (2) In many instances this may be the first presentation of a psychiatric illness in a younger person. In addition, the clinical syndrome may include manic and/or ...
Jonsson, G. - - 2009
The pathophysiology of psychosis and other forms of severe mental illness in HIV infection is complex, and multifactorial causation is likely in most instances. Severe mental illness has been identified as a risk factor for the acquisition of HIV infection and occurs as both a manifestation of opportunistic infections and ...
Pingo, Janine - - 2009
Women are disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic and also carry a higher burden of early childhood trauma, other life traumas (e.g. rape and partner violence) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (1,2) Yet PTSD and other common psychiatric disorders (e.g. depression, alcohol abuse) are commonly under-detected in HIV care settings. ...
Thom, Rita - - 2009
The term 'common mental disorders' is an overarching term for conditions that affect a significant number of people in the community. These conditions include depression, anxiety and substance use disorders. In contrast, so-called 'severe mental illnesses' (such as schizophrenia or bipolar mood disorder) are conditions that usually require admission for ...
Venter, Francois - - 2009
Bekker, Linda-Gail - - 2009
Alvarenga, Christiane - - 2009
Problem statement: The principal aim was to evaluate the effects of dengue virus infection by dengue during pregnancy and analyze the histopathology of the placenta. Approach: A retrospective study was conducted with 13 pregnant women with dengue confirmed in the period from January-December 2002, during a widespread dengue type 3 ...
Kofteridis, Diamantis - - 2009
Problem statement: Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (URTIs) are the most frequent of the community with major social and financial impact. Hence, early and proper diagnosis is of utmost importance. Biomarkers such as the circulating levels of Procalcitonin (PCT) have been shown to be elevated in systemic bacterial infections, but remain ...
Wan Norhasima, - - 2009
Problem statements: Fumonisin was a mycotoxin produced mainly by fungi belonging to the genus Fusarium in various foods and feeds. They occurred worldwide and were found predominantly in corn and in corn-based animal feeds and also can be found in other crops. Contamination of food and feed with fumonisins has ...
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Nenninger, Steve - - 2009
Klotter, Jule - - 2009
Eslinger, Robert - - 2009
McDonagh, E.W. - - 2009
Creelman, Peggy - - 2009
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Klinghardt, Dietrich - - 2009
Gordin, Karina - - 2009
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