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Rawson, Ashley - - 2009
Breast cancer affects many women, but with advances in detection and treatment, survival rates have increased. Thus, it is important to understand that there are many reconstructive options available to help ease the psychological burden of mastectomy. Reconstructive options include tissue expander/implants, biologics, and several autologous tissue options, including pedicled ...
Suppa, Carolyn - - 2009
While the field of psychosocial oncology has been recognized for several decades, specialized psychosocial services to West Virginians with cancer have been limited. Considering the increase in the incidence of cancer and the recognized burden of cancer-related emotional distress, healthcare providers must screen for emotional distress as the sixth vital ...
Abraham, Jame - - 2009
In the United States, mortality rates have been declining for certain tumors. For the majority of advanced stage cancer types, cure is unattainable but treatment is still evolving. Advances in the treatment of cancer can be achieved by enrolling patients in cancer clinical trials. Presently, less than 3% of adult ...
Sporck, F. - - 2009
Ratriyanto, A. - - 2009
This review focuses on the metabolic and osmoregulatory functions of betaine and its impact on nutrient digestibility and performance in pigs and poultry. Betaine is the trimethyl derivative of the amino acid glycine, and is present in plant and animal tissue. It has been shown to play an important role ...
Singh, N.K. - - 2009
Myogenic satellite cells have been isolated and identified by several recently elucidated molecular markers. Furthermore, knowledge about the precise function of these markers has provided insight into the early and terminal events of satellite cells during proliferation, differentiation, transdifferentiation, specification and activation. Recently, quiescent myogenic satellite cells have been associated ...
Wang, D.Y. - - 2009
Composition of intramuscular lipids, phospholipid classes and phospholipid molecular species in traditional Chinese duck meat products was investigated. Free fatty acids and phospholipids were identified and quantified by gas and high performance liquid chromatography, and phospholipid molecular species were determined by mass spectrometry. The results showed that raw duck meat ...
Higashiyama, Y. - - 2009
This study was performed to investigate the use of urinary catecholamines to monitor changes in the activity of the sympathetic nervous system and to determine the relationship of urinary cortisol and catecholamines in Japanese Shorthorn cows in response to social isolation. One cow was isolated from its group, which consisted ...
Sun, Y.G - - 2009
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived protein that has a regulatory role in energy homeostasis and influences insulin sensitivity. Its effects on glucose utilization and lipid metabolism are mediated by AdipoR1 and AdipoR2. How insulin affects adiponectin gene expression and secretion is still controversial. This study was conducted to determine the expression ...
Chao, Sun - - 2009
In this study we cloned and characterized a novel lipid-accumulating gene, the oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 (OLR1), which is associated with lipogenesis. We analyzed the gene structure and detected the mRNA transcriptional expression levels in pig adipose tissues at different months of age (MA) and in different economic types ...
Wang, M.Q. - - 2009
The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of trivalent chromium from different sources on growth, carcass composition, and serum parameters in finishing pigs. Ninety-six crossbred pigs with an initial average body weight of 65.57 [+ or -] 1.05 kg were blocked by body weight and randomly assigned to four ...
Seo, S.H. - - 2009
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of feather meal (FM) on the performance of pigs and taurine content in pork. A total of 135 cross-bred (LxYxD) pigs, weighing an average 46 kg, were assigned to five dietary treatments; Control, 3% FM supplemented diet (3% FM), ...
Song, Zhigang - - 2009
The effects of dietary copper (Cu) supplementation in broiler chickens challenged with a single injection of Salmonella typhymurium lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the antioxidant capacity and plasma levels of ceruloplasmin (Cp) were evaluated. The broiler chickens were provided with a basal diet or diets supplemented with 8 and 50 mg/kg Cu ...
Yan, L. - - 2009
Two hundred and sixteen 68-week-old Hy-Line brown laying hens were used in a 6-week feeding trial to compare the efficacy of phytases Optiphos (OPT) and Natuphos (NAT), which were isolated from Escherichia coli and Aspergillus niger, respectively. Hens were randomly allotted into six treatments with six replications (six layers in ...
Xie, Ming - - 2009
A dose-response experiment with five lysine levels (0.65, 0.80, 0.95, 1.10, and 1.25%) was conducted to evaluate the lysine requirement of male White Pekin ducklings from 7 to 21 days of age. Two hundred and eighty, 7-day-old, male White Pekin ducklings were allocated to 5 experimental treatments, each containing 8 ...
Laudadio, V. - - 2009
Effect of inclusion of hard vs. soft wheat bran with different particle size on diet digestibility, growth performance and some slaughter traits was evaluated in fattening rabbits. Four isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets were used according to the origin of wheat bran (hard (HWB)--Triticum durum--and soft (SWB)--Triticum aestivum) combined with wheat ...
Promkot, C. - - 2009
Effect of sulfur (S) on utilization efficiency of fresh cassava foliage and cassava hay in dairy cows was evaluated using thirty-two 1st-2nd lactation Holstein-Friesian crossbred dairy cows. The experimental treatment was a 2x2 factorial arrangement in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) using two roughages (rice straw+fresh cassava foliage (FCF) ...
Uemoto, Y. - - 2009
We performed a genome-wide linkage and quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis to confirm the existence of QTL affecting Rous Sarcoma Virus (RSV) induced tumor regression, and to estimate their effects on phenotypic variance in an F2 resource population. The F2 population comprised 158 chickens obtained by crossing tumor regressive White ...
Honda, Takeshi - - 2009
Parentage tests using polymorphic DNA marker are commonly performed to avoid incorrect recording of the parental information of livestock animals, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are becoming the method of choice. In Japanese Black cattle, parentage tests based on the exclusion method using microsatellite markers are currently conducted; however, an alternative ...
Saleh, D. - - 2009
Dog bites are a common presentation to emergency departments worldwide. However, presenting symptoms may fail to reveal the severity of an injury. We present such a case.
Fahl, Kelly - - 2009
It has been reported that patients with bladder cancer have widely varying paraneoplastic consequences, including metabolic, dermatologic, myopathic and neurologic disturbances. We report a case of a 52-year-old man with advanced transitional cell carcinoma and liver metastases, who developed a severe coagulopathy following robotic radical cystoprostatectomy due to circulating heparin-like ...
Andreoiu, Matei - - 2009
We report on a very large renal leiomyoma in a man presenting with a 1-year history of lower back and flank pain and a rapidly growing abdominal mass. Since a cystic renal cell carcinoma could not be ruled out, a postembolization right radical nephrectomy was performed. Diagnosis was confirmed by ...
Greene, Graham - - 2009
The surgical anatomy of a horseshoe kidney (HK) is unique in many ways, ranging from its anomalous circulation, shared renal parenchyma between the right and left renal moieties, and its anterior renal pelvis, to the fact that it obscures access to the vena cava and aorta. While renal cell carcinomas ...
Casey, Rowan - - 2009
There are only 7 cases reported in the literature of squamous cell cancer of the bladder in patients performing intermittent self-catheterization (ISC). We report on an eighth case, and the first case described in a patient with a Mitrofanoff continent appendicovesicostomy. A description of the case and review of the ...
Rasmussen, Nathan - - 2009
Sacral neuromodulation has become a standard minimally invasive therapy for refractory urinary urge/frequency and urge incontinence. Prior to the widespread use of sacral neuromodulation, augmentation cystoplasty was a standard treatment for refractory overactive bladder (OAB). The use of sacral neuromodulation following bladder augmentation has not been previously reported in the ...
Chen, C-H. - - 2009
A 64-year-old man presented with gross painless hematuria. Cystoscopy revealed a submucosal bladder neck mass covered by normal urothelium. During transurethral resection, the patient developed hemodynamic crisis including sinus bradycardia. Histopathologic examination revealed a primary bladder composite paraganglioma-ganglioneuroma (CPG). The patient underwent partial cystectomy and is symptom-free after one year. ...
Hallock, Abhirami - - 2009
A 53-year-old man with a 14-year history of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) presented with a 2-month history of right-sided upper jaw pain and severe bleeding during tooth extraction. Pathology review of a lower maxillary sinus/upper gingival mass revealed metastatic RCC. The presentation, differential diagnosis and literature review of this uncommon ...
Blank, Steven - - 2009
We used 11 years of data from video auction sales across the western United States to address two long-standing questions posed by California cattle ranchers. First, as expected, ranchers receive lower prices for cattle sold here compared to prices received by ranchers in the Midwest. Second, some (but not all) ...
Zhong, Liheng - - 2009
Most agricultural systems in California s Central Valley are purposely flexible and intentionally designed to meet the demands of dynamic markets such as corn, tomatoes and cotton. As a result, crops change annually and semiannually, which makes estimating agricultural water use difficult, especially given the existing method by which agricultural ...
Forero, Larry - - 2009
We used data from 4-H record books to evaluate the 4-H programs in Shasta and Trinity counties. These books are completed annually by youth participants throughout California to describe and quantify their experiences in the program and reflect on their involvement in citizenship, leadership and life-skills activities. Quantitative and qualitative ...
Carlos, Ramona - - 2009
Teenage drivers, particularly new drivers, have higher crash rates than adults. We surveyed 2,144 teenage drivers in California about their driving practices, factors influencing driving behavior, and views on driver education and resources. Teens wanted updated driver education courses and more behind-the-wheel training while learning to drive. They identified parents ...
Kaffka, Stephen - - 2009
The use of crops and crop residues as feedstocks for biofuels increases domestic and global supplies, creates new industries, and may result in reduced greenhouse-gas emissions. Uncertainty about the best crop and residue sources, technologies for manufacture, future public policy, and the global supply and price of oil make it ...
Rajagopal, Deepak - - 2009
Biofuels have been criticized for raising food prices and reducing food production. While biofuels have rightly been blamed for contributing to reduced food security at a time of record-high food prices in 2008, they have not been credited with reducing the cost of gasoline, also at a time of record-high ...
Sexton, Steven - - 2009
The biofuel industry has received billions of dollars in support from governments around the world, as political leaders respond to new environmental and energy-security imperatives. However, a growing body of research highlights nontrivial costs associated with biofuel production, including environmental destruction and diminished food security, and questions the magnitude of ...
Wyman, Charles - - 2009
Cellulosic biomass, which includes agricultural and forestry residues and woody and herbaceous plants, is the only low-cost resource that can support the sustainable production of liquid fuels on a large enough scale to significantly address our transportation energy needs. The biological conversion of cellulosic biomass to ethanol could offer high ...
Bartley, Laura - - 2009
A key strategy for biofuel production is making use of the chemical energy stored in plant cell walls. Cell walls are a strong meshwork of sugar chains and other polymers that encircle each plant cell. Collectively known as lignocellulose, cell wall material represents the bulk of plant dry mass. Biofuels ...
Jenkins, Bryan - - 2009
Biomass constitutes a major renewable energy resource for California, with more than 30 million tons per year of in-state production estimated to be available on a sustainable basis for electricity generation, biofuels production and other industrial processing. Annually, biofuel production from these resources could exceed 2 billion gallons of gasoline ...
Wilkins, Julia - - 2009
The Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS) of Australia was founded in 1928 by the Reverend John Flynn to deliver health services to the people of the Australian Outback. In this unique environment the RFDS Queensland Section provides both Primary Health Care and Aeromedical services to rural and remote communities throughout ...
Peled, Ronit - - 2009
This article describes a systematic process of geographic and strategic planning for healthcare services as a part of a regional development plan in the Israeli Galilee. The planning process consisted of three stages: (a) assessment of needs, demand and existing resources; (b) prioritisation of initiatives; and (c) scheduling of theoretical ...
Michel, Jude - - 2009
This paper describes the limitations of using the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM) to characterise patient harm in hospitals. Limitations were identified during a project to use diagnoses flagged by Victorian coders as hospital-acquired to devise a classification of 144 categories ...
Leggat, Sandra - - 2009
This paper provides a summary of human resource management practices that have been identified as being associated with better outcomes in performance management. In general, essential practices include transformational leadership and a coherent program of goal setting, performance monitoring and feedback. Some Health Information Managers may feel they require training ...
Jamal, Aziz - - 2009
The aim of this study was to systematically review the published evidence of the impact of health information technology (HIT) or health information systems (HIS) on the quality of healthcare, focusing on clinicians' adherence to evidence-based guidelines and the corresponding impact this had on patient clinical outcomes. The review covered ...
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