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Pincus, Theodore - - 2012
The patient history often provides the most important information in diagnosis and management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other rheumatic diseases. A multidimensional health assessment questionnaire (MDHAQ)--with templates to score RAPID3 (routine assessment the patient index data), an index of three patient self-report measures, physical function, pain, and patient global ...
Haus, Erhard - - 2012
Biological processes and functions at all hierarchical levels are organized in time as biological rhythms of discrete periods. Circadian (24-hour) rhythms, which are of direct importance to clinical medicine, are orchestrated by a set of clock genes of the master brain clock situated in the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus ...
Buttgereit, Frank - - 2012
Glucocorticoids form a mainstay of therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other conditions since they exert strong anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, and disease-modifying therapeutic effects. However, there is increasing awareness of the potential for these drugs to produce adverse effects. Therefore, improvement of the glucocorticoid benefit-risk ratio represents both a current need ...
Saag, Kenneth - - 2012
Despite over 60 years of use, glucocorticoids continue to be a controversial therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This stems largely from their measured a well as their perceived toxicity. However, a paucity of top tier evidence from clinical trials or very carefully controlled observational studies leads to limited evidence supporting ...
Pincus, Theodore - - 2012
The efficacy of initial and long-term prednisone < 5 mg/ day in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by one academic rheumatologist over 25 years from 1980 to 2004 is summarized. Patient responses were assessed using a multidimensional health assessment questionnaire (MDHAQ), completed by all patients at all visits in the ...
Yazici, Yusuf - - 2012
The current approach to treatment of RA includes early and aggressive treatment with routine monitoring of outcomes to give patients the best chance of decreasing disease activity as much as possible, with low disease activity and remission being a realistic goal for many patients. In this quest, DMARDs, especially MTX, ...
Zizwe Poe, - - 2012
The African independence movement of the second half of the twentieth century achieved only a part of its goal to disconnect the imperial tether to African natural and human resources. The African Liberation Movement was first led by the Pan-African Nationalists of the African Unity Movement but eventually was sidelined ...
Belanger, Charles - - 2012
Although microfinance in developing countries is mostly used as a tool to lift poor women out of poverty, it is also increasingly being used as a medium to involve women into democratization process at the local level. The strength of Microfinance Institutions (MFI) as a mobilization medium is that they ...
Ayers, Alison - - 2012
It is commonplace to characterise political violence and war in Africa as 'internal', encapsulated in the apparently neutral term 'civil war'. As such, accounts of political violence tend to focus narrowly on the combatants or insurrectionary forces, failing to recognize or address the extent to which political violence is historically ...
Santos, Aurora Almada - - 2012
In 1960, the United Nations Organization adopted the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, in which was established the right to self-determination and independence of non-self-governing territories. In order to implement these principles was created in 1961 the Special Committee on the Implementation of the ...
Shirley Mogale, - - 2012
In this presentation, I address my internal conflicts as an African who left my great continent with the hope of gaining knowledge at a large North American University. I am now facing the dilemma of acquiring knowledge of Western origins as part of a doctoral program in nursing even though ...
Bekoe, E. - - 2012
The Peace Corps, established by the Kennedy Administration, became an important foreign policy instrument for US-Ghana relations during the nascent stages of Ghana's post-independence democracy. As the first country to be a beneficiary to the program, President Kwame Nkrumah was initially skeptical of this U.S. foreign policy, but eventually warmed ...
Kitossa, Tamari - - 2012
Kwame Nkrumah has shown that colonialism of all sorts dialogically connects the metropole and the periphery in a material relationship riven with contradictions. Ironically, 19th Century criminological knowledge emerging from colonial administrators paralleled the metropolitan effort identify the etiology of working class 'crime' at home. In bridging the gap between ...
Chebet-Choge, Susan - - 2012
Kiswahili is undoubtedly one of the most developed and expansively used indigenous African languages nationally and internationally. At the dawn of African states political independence, the founding fathers of the nations led by Kwame Nkrumah considered Kiswahili as an appropriate language for African states unity. Adoption of Kiswahili as the ...
Biney, Ama - - 2012
Integral to Kwame Nkrumah's vision of Pan-Africanism was the concept of Continental Union Government for Africa. Nkrumah was one of several leading radical Pan-Africanists of the 1960s such as Julius Nyerere, Modibo Keita, Patrice Lumumba, and Sekou Toure. Aside from his passionate commitment to building and realizing Continental unity, Nkrumah's ...
Sherwood, Marika - - 2012
The concerns of Pan-Africanists, their philosophies and politics naturally depended on the times they were living in. Nevertheless the call for unity, whether overt or implied has been there for well over a century. This need was perhaps easier to espouse when the proposal was for unity against the imperialist ...
Farmer, Leila - - 2012
This paper discusses way the principle of sovereignty influenced the ideological framework of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and its successor, the African Union (AU). While both the OAU and the AU represent the institutionalization of Pan-Africanism, this paper argues that by entrenching the notion of popular sovereignty in ...
Dodoo, Vincent - - 2012
Kwame Nkrumah had a vision not only for Africa but also the whole world. He foresaw the imminence of a unified world in which all sectors of society would have no choice but to work together. His vision and mission then was to prepare Africa for the task of playing ...
Sefa Dei, George - - 2012
In the annals of African and Black peoples history, and particularly anti-colonial nationalist politics, Nkrumah remains in a unique position as a nationalist and anti-colonialist who pioneered a struggle for Independence for the first Black nation on the continent. Given the post-colonial challenges facing African peoples today, African intellectuals today ...
Kah, Henry - - 2012
Over fifty years ago the prophetic Kwame Nkrumah called for and wrote a book titled Africa Must Unite. Many self-seeking African leaders described him as a dreamer of impossibility. A few decades after his clarion call, some European countries created the European Union (EU) for their greater unity, collective benefit ...
Asante, Molefi - - 2012
I would like to give thanks to the ancestors, according to our tradition, and to Professor Quist Adade for this invitation. This conference of outstanding scholars, colleagues, and students will represent a watershed in the discourse on Nkrumah's vision and I am pleased to be a small part of this ...
Moore, Justin - - 2012
The objective of the current study was to determine the association of rural children's afterschool environment and healthy behaviors. The study employed a cross-sectional design recruiting youth (N=147) ages 9-18 enrolled in grades 4, 7 and 11 from two rural counties in Georgia. Analyses tested the association of afterschool setting ...
Tataw, David - - 2012
This paper presents the findings of a focus group organized in collaboration with the African American urban community of GeorgeTown in Jackson Mississippi. The goal of the study is to identify and understand knowledge of prostate cancer risk factors and symptoms, utilization of existing prevention resources; and health education strategies. ...
Knowlden, Adam - - 2012
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify sleep hygiene practices amenable to modification among undergraduate college students. Methods. Data were collected from cross-sectional samples of undergraduate students over two phases. Results. The majority of the sample received less than 7 hours of sleep. Descriptive analysis of the Sleep ...
Penhollow, Tina - - 2012
Associations between religiosity and sexual attitudes and behaviors among college students have been documented. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which personal religiosity and organizational religiosity were predictive of sexual behaviors. Data were collected at a southeastern university using a self-report questionnaire. Results for females ...
Baker, Jillian - - 2012
Culturally competent behavioral risk reduction interventions cannot be designed in isolation. They must be designed in partnership between the researchers and the community of study. Community based participatory research (CBPR) emphasizes engagement between community and research partners with the intention of building community capacity and improving community health. This article ...
Noble, Demetrius - - 2012
Ilmi, Ahmed - - 2012
My aim in writing this paper is to theorize my Diasporic Indigenous African experiences in Canada, because I wish to first rupture the notion that Indigenous knowledges' have nothing to offer. Secondly, I wish to anchor my discursive authority as an author in the teachings of my forefathers. Engaging in ...
Williams, Jakobi - - 2012
The following reading will examine Nat Turner and the revolt by employing Thomas R. Gray's Confessions and accounts of Nat Turner's visions to try to show that Turner not only relied on revelations in an African Christian manner but also utilized divination in a pre-Christian African religious manner. The purpose ...
Muguti, Tasara - - 2012
Across the globe, the environmental discourses on climate change and weather forecasting continue to preoccupy scholars and policy planners alike. Like other regions of the world, Africa is a victim of climate change that emanates from global warming. It has been noted that global warming has a strong bearing on ...
Ruterana, Pierre - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to investigate how educational use of Rwandan children's literature, mainly fairy tales, can challenge traditional gender roles in Rwandan education. Indeed, researchers in and authors of children's literature argue that the manner in which gender is represented in children's literature impacts children's attitudes and ...
Nwagbara, Uzoechi - - 2012
Africa's adoption of Western management and leadership practices has impacted adversely on her capacity to develop in the global marketplace. As this paper shall argue, an African oriented management and leadership paradigms couched in postmodernism will facilitate her efforts towards continental bliss. Postmodernism is a reaction against modernity that universalises ...
Onapajo, Hakeem - - 2012
Nigerians have been observed to be more loyal to religion than the state. This is manifested in the growing trend of religiosity, the phenomenal rise in the number of worship centres and influential clergies in Nigeria today. In this regard, this paper discusses the phenomenon of religious politics in the ...
Strubel, Jessica - - 2012
In the U.S., Texas is home to the largest Nigerian-American community, specifically in Tarrant, Harris, Dallas, & Travis Counties. This study was designed to explore Texan-Nigerian-American's levels of ethnic identity and self-esteem as compared to other immigrant groups and ethnic minority groups in Texas. This project specifically looked at correlations ...
Paul, Willi - - 2012
Polymeric cell seeded sponge scaffolds play a prominent role in supporting the regeneration of skin for burn patients. The three-dimensional scaffolds provide physical support and acts as an excellent matrix regulating cell growth, adhesion and differentiation. Natural macromolecule polymeric scaffolds from chitosan have advantages over synthetic polymers in that they ...
Kokkinos, Petros - - 2012
The osseointegration process of bone implants crucially depends on the interaction between osteoblasts and the topography of the implant surface. Core binding factor alpha 1 (Cbfa1) is an osteoblast specific transcription factor that regulates osteoblast differentiation and expression of genes necessary for the development of a mineralized phenotype. In this ...
Devika, D. - - 2012
The common problems like discomfort and loosening of the implant with the currently available pre-fabricated implants can be reduced by designing patient-specific implants. In this paper an attempt has been made to optimize the mechanical behaviour of tibia bone with patient-specific implant for proximal end (B1 type) fracture by performing ...
Dewangan, Rukmani - - 2012
The present study was carried out for in-vivo biocompatibility testing of cross-linked bladder acellular matrix graft (BAMG) with of 0.6% Glutaraldehyde(GA), 1% Hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMD), 1% 1, 4-butanediol diglycidyl ether (BDDGE) and 1% 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) for 12, 24, 48 and 72 h duration at room temperature. The uncross-linked ...
Srivastava, Akanksha - - 2012
Alginate is an elastic irreversible hydrocolloid, widely used for recording the impressions of dentulous arches, impressions for making models for diagnostic purposes, and for duplication of casts. Today, their use far exceeds the use of all other impression materials in general dental practice because of their hydrophilicity, ability to record ...
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