Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 634
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Johnson, Katherine - - 2012
Context: The reliability of clinical techniques to quantify thoracic spine rotation range of motion (ROM) has not been evaluated.
Shrier, Ian - - 2012
Context: Health care providers must be prepared to manage all potential spine injuries as if they are unstable. Therefore, most sport teams devote resources to training for sideline cervical spine (C-spine) emergencies.
Quammen, David - - 2012
Context: Altered neuromuscular control strategies during fatigue probably contribute to the increased incidence of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female athletes.
Grindstaff, Terry - - 2012
Context: Quadriceps weakness and inhibition are impairments associated with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Lumbopelvic joint manipulation has been shown to improve quadriceps force output and inhibition, but the duration of the effect is unknown.
McBeth, Joseph - - 2012
Context: Lower extremity overuse injuries are associated with gluteus medius (GMed) weakness. Understanding the activation of muscles about the hip during strengthening exercises is important for rehabilitation.
Hammonds, Autumn L. - - 2012
Context: Limited passive hamstring flexibility might affect kinematics, performance, and injury risk during running. Pre-activity static straight-leg raise stretching often is used to gain passive hamstring flexibility.
- - 2012
Goucke, R. - - 2012
Schug, S.A. - - 2012
Fernandez, T.M.A. - - 2012
Palmer, G.M. - - 2012
In order to reduce postoperative opioid requirement, extrapleural local anaesthetic infusion dosing recommendations and guidelines for extrapleural catheter insertion were developed in our institution for 'extubatable' neonates requiring short-gap neonatal tracheo-oesophageal fistula/oesophageal atresia repair (via thoracotomy) and audited prospectively. Data audited included patient characteristics, analgesia details and ventilation duration. We ...
Brett, C.N. - - 2012
In day-case surgery paracetamol is commonly given orally preoperatively, or intravenously intraoperatively. In this double-blind randomised controlled trial we investigated which of these methods of administration achieved therapeutic plasma levels most effectively in the early postoperative period. Thirty patients undergoing day case arthroscopy of the knee were randomised to receive ...
Sundararajan, K. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore the degree and determinants of satisfaction of family members of patients being cared for in an Australasian intensive care unit. This was a prospective observational study that took place within a mixed medical/surgical, level three intensive care unit. One hundred and eight ...
Sekino, M. - - 2012
Various techniques have been described for blind bedside placement of a post-pyloric feeding tube. However, there is no universal method and the technique depends on the local institutional resources and expertise. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a simple new technique for the bedside placement of a post-pyloric ...
Eldaba, A.A. - - 2012
This study evaluates the effect of prophylactic granisetron on the incidence of postoperative shivering after spinal anaesthesia in children. Eighty children, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I to II and aged two to five years were scheduled for surgery of the lower limb under spinal anaesthesia. The children were ...
Dennis, D. - - 2012
The aim of hyperinflation in the ventilated intensive care unit patient is to increase oxygenation, reverse lung collapse and clear sputum. The efficacy and consistency of manual hyperventilation is well supported in the literature, but there is limited published evidence supporting hyperventilation utilising a ventilator. Despite this, a recent survey ...
Aldawood, A.S. - - 2012
Our aim was to evaluate end-of-life practices in a tertiary intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia. A prospective observational study was conducted in the medical-surgical intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Over the course of the one-year study period, 176 patients died and 77% of ...
Kocak, Y. - - 2012
Assessment of the severity of unconsciousness in patients with impaired consciousness, prediction of mortality and prognosis are currently the most studied subjects in intensive care. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) score in intensive care unit patients with stroke ...
Loughnan, T.E. - - 2012
Cricoid pressure, as part of rapid sequence induction, may on occasion worsen laryngoscopic views and intubating conditions. We investigated whether allowing the assistant applying cricoid pressure to view the video laryngoscope screen would improve the laryngoscopic views compared to when they were blinded to the video screen. Laryngoscopy using the ...
Heuer, J.F. - - 2012
Difficulties in endotracheal intubation increase morbidity and mortality in intensive care patients. We studied the problem in surgical intensive care patients with the aim of risk reduction. Patients intubated in the intensive care unit were evaluated. The intubations were performed or supervised by anaesthetists following the algorithm valid at the ...
Muthukumar, M. - - 2012
Surgical field infiltration with adrenaline is common practice for quality surgical field during cleft lip and palate repair in children. Intravascular absorption of adrenaline infiltration often leads to adverse haemodynamic responses. In this prospective, double-blinded, randomised study the haemodynamic effects, quality of surgical field and postoperative analgesia following surgical field ...
Howe, P.W. - - 2012
We prospectively audited blood loss and blood replacement in every child less than 24 months of age undergoing cranioplasty for craniosynostosis in Australia during 2008, in order to obtain more accurate data for the discussion of perioperative transfusion risk. A total of 127 cases were performed at seven centres. There ...
Andrews, D.T. - - 2012
L-arginine cardioplegia decreases biochemical markers of myocardial damage and oxidative stress in patients with normal left ventricular function. We investigated the effects of L-arginine supplemented cardioplegic arrest in patients with reduced ejection fraction. Fifty-three adult patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <35% undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery were randomised ...
Sturgess, D.J. - - 2012
Previous studies of patients with septic shock have independently demonstrated alterations in plasma concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide and plasma free cortisol. Previous data suggest that a reciprocal relationship might exist. However, the relationship between these hormones in patients with septic shock is unclear. We sought to compare paired measurement ...
Alcock, M. - - 2012
We conducted a retrospective observational study in a regional hospital on patients aged 80 years or over undergoing emergency procedures. We included 202 emergency procedures performed on 178 patients over 185 separate admissions. The aim was to obtain a 'snapshot' of the risks of emergency surgery in the elderly and ...
Kim, I.B. - - 2012
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are significantly associated with morbidity and mortality. We performed a prospective observational study and applied recently published consensus criteria to measure and describe the incidence of IAH and ACS, identify risk factors for their development and define their association with outcomes. We ...
Jorm, C.M. - - 2012
There has been no research performed concerning the effects of the use of laptops and smartphones in the operating theatre on anaesthetist performance, yet these devices are now in frequent use. This article explores the implications of this phenomenon. The cognitive and environmental factors that support or detract from vigilance ...
Andrews, D.T. - - 2012
This review summarises the most recent data in support of the role of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in ischaemia-reperfusion injury, how anaesthetic agents interact with this molecular channel, and the relevance this holds for current anaesthetic practice. Ischaemia results in damage to the electron transport chain of enzymes ...
Cowlishaw, P.J. - - 2012
Regional anaesthesia and analgesia techniques are used to effectively manage acute pain after a variety of surgeries. With the rapid growth of ultrasound-guided procedures, anaesthetists are re-examining regional anaesthesia and analgesia and their roles in pain management. In this evolving field previous published data may not reflect current practice. Therefore, ...
Saw, M.M. - - 2012
This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the benefits and risks of gelatin solutions compared to other intravenous fluids for patients in perioperative and critical care settings. Of the 66 studies identified from MEDLINE and EMBASE databases, 30 randomised controlled trials involving 2709 patients met the inclusion criteria and were subject to ...
Marion, Rosalie - - 2012
O'Brien, Dennis - - 2012
O'Brien, Dennis - - 2012
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