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- - 2011
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Trota, Michi - - 2011
Wang, Xiye - - 2011
Face concern is an indigenous Chinese concept that influences people's behaviors. This study examines the effect of face concern on Chinese (n = 352) and Canadian (n = 295) university students' leisure travel. Three research questions are addressed: (a) is face concern more important for Chinese students than Canadian students? ...
Shultis, John - - 2011
Recent research has suggested a decline in visits to national parks in both the United States and Canada. We analyzed contemporary (2000 to 2009) national policy documents (e.g., annual reports, strategic plans, commission findings) in both countries to assess national park agency reactions to recent changes in visitation patterns. Neither ...
Goodsell, Todd - - 2011
This qualitative study examines patterns in the ways families manage a family member's involvement in amateur marathon running. Drawing on in-depth interviews (N = 46), we found that families generally used cooperative and egalitarian strategies to prevent or reduce family-leisure conflict. Research participants discussed how families affected running, how running ...
Alexandris, Kostas - - 2011
The present study examines the impact of constraints on motivation, activity attachment, and future behavior of recreational skiers. Two hundred and ninety four (N=294) recreational skiers participated in the study and completed questionnaires measuring leisure constraints, strength of motivation, activity attachment and behavioural intentions. A confirmatory factor analysis provided support ...
Mitas, Ondrej - - 2011
Fredrickson (1998, 2001, 2004) supports a compelling account of the processes that turn positive emotions into a high quality life. Her broaden-and-build theory, however, has not been explored in leisure contexts nor has it been applied to older women, an increasingly important yet under-researched population. Our study uses an interpretive ...
Crompton, John - - 2011
A conceptual framework is offered which guides public park and recreation managers on how to minimize resistance to pricing decisions from affected users. The fulcrum of the framework is reference price, which is the benchmark criterion used to evaluate whether or not a new or revised price for a service ...
- - 2011
Chander, Jagdish - - 2011
Dhanda, V. - - 2011
Background & objectives: Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis, especially among children, leads to high prevalence of rheumatic fever (RF)/rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in India, as compared to the western world where invasive diseases are common. GAS encodes numerous virulence factors that cause diseases by exhibiting extraordinary biological diversity. Hence, we ...
Das, Sambit - - 2011
Background & objectives: Despite years of salt iodization, goitre continues to be a major public health problem worldwide. We examined the prevalence of goitre in the post-iodization phase and the relationship of goitre with micronutrient status and thyroid autoimmunity in school children of Chandigarh, north India.
Ping, Fadzel Wong - - 2011
Background & objectives: Athletes in Malaysia need to perform in a hot and humid environment due to the climatic nature of the country. Chronic supplementation of Panax ginseng (PG) (a deciduous perennial plant belonging to the Araliaceae family) enhances physical performance. As the ergogenic effect of acute supplementation of PG ...
Banerjee, Mousumi - - 2011
Background & objectives: Bacillus cereus is one of the pathogens responsible for human diarrhoea, mainly due to consumption of contaminated food. The present study was undertaken to determine the occurrence of B. cereus among diarrhoeal patients and its phenotypic and genetic characteristics that determine the virulence and clonal features.
Prashanth, K. - - 2011
Background & objectives: Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a painful and vision-threatening ocular infection. The differentiation of Acanthamoeba at the species and subspecies level is complicated. Nearly all the AK isolates have been shown to belong to T4 genotype when analysed by ribosomal RNA gene sequences and there is no universally ...
Manimunda, Sathya - - 2011
Background & objectives: Due to tsunami in 2004 a large proportion of population in Nicobar group of Islands become homeless, and in 2006 large scale labour migration took place to construct the houses. In 2008, a significant increase in malaria incidence was observed in this area. Therefore, in March 2008, ...
James, Rani - - 2011
Background & objectives: An association between over-expression of proto-oncogene Her-2/neu and resistance to tamoxifen in estrogen receptor (ER) positive, primary and metastatic breast cancer has been suggested. HR+/Her-2/neu+ patients have a poor response to endocrine therapy, making this group a matter of debate. The present study was carried out to ...
Maskey, Mahesh - - 2011
Background & objectives: Measuring maternal mortality in developing countries poses a major challenge. In Nepal, vital registration is extremely deficient. Currently available methods to measure maternal mortality, such as the sisterhood method, pose problems with respect to validity, precision, cost and time. We conducted this field study to test a ...
Rao, Krishna - - 2011
Background & objectives: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes have become a leading threat to public health in India. This study examines socio-economic differences in self-reported morbidity due to CVD and diabetes, where people having these conditions seek care, how much households pay for and how they finance hospital treatment for ...
S., Pradeep - - 2011
Background & objectives: Chronic hepatitis B is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. We conducted a study comparing the efficacy of adefovir and lamivudine with respect to their impact on serum and hepatic viral DNA clearance, and improvement in hepatic necro-inflammatory score, in naive patients of chronic hepatitis B.
Devadasan, N. - - 2011
Background & objectives: Quality of care is an important determinant for utilizing health services. In India, the quality of care in most health services is poor. The government recognizes this and has been working on both supply and demand aspects. In particular, it is promoting community health insurance (CHI) schemes, ...
Gupta, Suman - - 2011
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or kala-azar is a chronic protozoan infection in humans associated with significant global morbidity and mortality. The causative agent is a haemoflagellate protozoan Leishmania donovani, an obligate intracellular parasite that resides and multiplies within macrophages of the reticulo-endothelial system. Most of the existing anti-leishmanial drugs have serious ...
Gupta, Yogendra - - 2011
Ischaemic stroke is a disorder involving multiple mechanisms of injury progression including activation of glutamate receptors, release of proinflammatory cytokines, nitric oxide (NO), free oxygen radicals and proteases. Presently, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is the only drug approved for the management of acute ischaemic stroke. This drug, however, is ...
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