Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 811
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Blake, D. - - 2010
McGuinness, J.J. - - 2010
Wessels, C.C. - - 2010
Scarth, E.J. - - 2010
This case report describes the perioperative management of a child presenting with acute intestinal obstruction secondary to bowel malrotation after a recent intracranial haemorrhage associated with an intracranial arteriovenous malformation. We discuss the anaesthesia planning for this case, where the 'optimal' management strategies for the two conditions present are potentially ...
Maskin, L.P. - - 2010
Symptomatic pleural collection of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare but accepted complication in hydrocephalic paediatric patients treated with ventriculopleural shunts. Few cases have been described in adults, usually as complication of trauma, tumours or spinal surgery, particularly post-laminectomy. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pleural effusion after ...
Kadam, V. - - 2010
Tracheo-oesophageal speech using a one-way speaking valve is a common mode of speech rehabilitation for laryngectomy patients. Aspiration of this device can cause significant airway obstruction and pose anaesthetic and surgical challenges during its retrieval. In this case report, we describe our management of a patient who had had a ...
SchMidt, M.H. - - 2010
We present a case of difficult intubation in a patient with a laryngeal web. A 33-year-old male patient presented for open thoracotomy and had a previously undiagnosed laryngeal web, which complicated the placement of a double-lumen tube. A single-lumen tube was placed with the use of a bougie through the ...
Mela, E.K. - - 2010
We investigated the time-dependent ocular surface bacterial colonisation of sedated patients hospitalised in an intensive care unit and aimed to evaluate whether proper topical antibiotic prophylaxis could prohibit corneal infection.
Mathew, P.J. - - 2010
There are reports that suggest that magnesium sulphate alone may control muscle spasms thereby avoiding sedation and mechanical ventilation in tetanus, but this has not been confirmed. We examined the efficacy and safety of intravenous magnesium sulphate for control of rigidity and spasms in adults with tetanus.
Gibson, A.J. - - 2010
Strokes remain an uncommon but significant complication of cardiac surgery. Cerebral air embolism is the likely aetiology in the majority of cases. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the recognised treatment for cerebral air embolism associated with compressed air (SCUBA) diving accidents and is therefore also the standard of care for iatrogenic ...
Heighes, P.T. - - 2010
International quality improvement initiatives such as Fast-Hug bring a focus on improving the delivery of early enteral nutrition to critically ill patients, however surveys demonstrate current practice remains variable. One way to reduce variability in practice is to provide strong evidence to convince clinicians to change. The purpose of this ...
Ellerkmann, R.K. - - 2010
This study was designed to investigate the impact of the Entropy Module[R] and Bispectral Index[R] (BIS) monitoring on drug consumption and recovery times compared with standard anaesthetic practice in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery using a combination of regional and general anaesthesia as performed by an experienced anaesthesiologist. We hypothesised that ...
Martin, J.M. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to analyse and report on the distribution and attributes of intensive care services in Australia and New Zealand for the 2005/2006 financial year. A survey was mailed to 155 Australian and 26 New Zealand intensive care units (ICU) listed on the database of the ...
Luscombe, K.S. - - 2010
At therapeutic concentrations, parecoxib selectively inhibits the cyclo-oxygenase-2 enzyme. We investigated the impact of a single preoperative dose of parecoxib on pain relief following minor gynaecological surgery.
Siebig, S. - - 2010
The immune system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis are linked by several mechanisms. Intracellular glucocorticoid receptors represent one important connection. The aim of this study was to examine the coherence between the number of glucocorticoid receptors, activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, inflammatory cytokine levels and the severity of illness in critically ...
Hanci, V. - - 2010
The aim of our study was to investigate P wave dispersion (Pwd), QT, corrected QT (QTc), QT dispersion (QTd) and corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) intervals in subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Hanci, V. - - 2010
The aim of our study was to investigate P wave dispersion (Pwd), QT, corrected QT (QTc), QT dispersion (QTd) and corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) intervals in subjects with malnutrition diagnosed in the pre-anaesthetic assessment, compared to those without malnutrition.
Moore, E.M. - - 2010
We investigated the influence of preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate and postoperative acute kidney injury on outcomes after coronary bypass surgery in a local setting, with the focus on length of stay.
MacKay, E.C. - - 2010
Previous studies of the electroencephalogram (EEG) during anaesthesia have identified two distinct patterns of change in response to a noxious stimulus, a classical arousal pattern and a paradoxical arousal pattern. We developed methods of EEG analysis to quantify episodic EEG patterns--namely sleep spindle-like ('10 Hz-score') and burst-suppression-like fluctuations in high ...
See, K.C. - - 2010
Restitution of respiratory support, which may include continuous positive airway pressure, non-invasive ventilation or reintubation, is needed in some patients post-extubation. We aimed to investigate whether serial arterial blood gas measurements done in the post-extubation period would help to identify such patients and to delineate the optimal post-extubation duration for ...
Yip, P.C. - - 2010
We conducted a prospective observational study to assess the incidence of residual neuromuscular blockade (RNMB) in a post-anaesthetic care unit (PACU) of a tertiary hospital. The subjects were 102 patients undergoing general anaesthesia with neuromuscular blockade (NMB). The procedural anaesthetists were unaware of their patients' inclusion in the study, and ...
Shehabi, Y. - - 2010
Ventilated patients receiving opioids and/or benzodiazepines are at high risk of developing agitation, particularly upon weaning towards extubation. This is often associated with an increased intubation time and length of stay in the intensive care unit and may cause long-term morbidity. Anxiety, fear and agitation are amongst the most common ...
van Zundert, - - 2010
The effects of blood solubility, cardiac output and ventilation on the rise of the alveolar towards the inspired concentration, the [F.sub.A]/[F.sub.I] curve, of an inhaled anaesthetic are often thought to reflect how these factors affect wash-in of the central nervous system compartment and, therefore, speed of induction because [F.sub.A] is ...
Siu, L.W.L. - - 2010
The Glidescope[R] Video Laryngoscope (Glidescope, Verathon Medical, Bothell, WA, USA) is a relatively new intubating device. It has been proposed to be useful for securing both routine airways and those where direct laryngoscopy may be difficult. In this prospective observational study, data for 742 intubations using the Glidescope were collected ...
Tan, A.S.B. - - 2010
The aim of this randomised, controlled trial was to determine the optimum dose of fentanyl in combination with propofol 2.5 mg.[kg.sup.-1] when inserting the Classic[TM] Laryngeal Mask Airway.
Wong, T.H.K. - - 2010
The study objective was to show that fentanyl given five minutes prior to induction improved insertion conditions for the Classic Laryngeal Mask Airway. Previous work had shown fentanyl at 90 seconds to be unpredictable. A probit analysis design was used in which success/failure rates of different doses of fentanyl were ...
von Ungern-Sternberg, - - 2010
Laryngeal mask airways (LIMA) are commonly used in paediatric anaesthesia. A well-placed LIMA should provide a direct view of the vocal cords facilitating bronchoscopy or fibreoptic intubation. The aim of this audit was to assess the bronchoscopic view of the glottis obtained through an LMA with regard to its size.
Brooker, G.E. - - 2010
We retrospectively reviewed the charts of seven neonates and infants with severe micrognathia and upper airway obstruction who underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis as an alternative to long-term tracheostomy at the Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, from 2004 to 2007.
Sharma, D.-J. - - 2010
Videolaryngoscopes are becoming widely available and have been suggested as a replacement for the Macintosh in cases of cervical instability or even for use in the first instance. There is limited existing data on the use of videoscopes by experienced anaesthetists who are inexperienced in the use of videoscopes. We ...
Joffe, A.M. - - 2010
The LMA-Supreme[TM] is a single-use disposable laryngeal mask that combines features of several laryngeal mask airways in one device. The primary aim of our study was to compare ease of use and operator preference for fibreoptic-aided intubation through the LMA-Supreme[TM] using an Aintree Intubating Catheter[TM] or Arndt Airway Exchange Catheter ...
Zugai, B.M. - - 2010
A postal survey was conducted to investigate difficult airway management, training and equipment availability among Fellows of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists in Queensland. The survey aimed to determine practise patterns for predicted difficult airways and investigate equipment availability.
Agarwal, D. - - 2010
There are a number of case reports describing accidental subdural block during the performance of subarachnoid or epidural anaesthesia. However, it appears that subdural drug deposition remains a poorly understood complication of neuraxial anaesthesia. The clinical presentation may often be attributed to other causes. Subdural injection of local anaesthetic can ...
Greenland, K.B. - - 2010
Airway assessment has remained a problematic area, largely due to the low sensitivities, specificities and/or positive predictive values of most bedside tests. In this paper, a structured overview of the common preoperative airway assessment tests is presented, based on a model for direct laryngoscopy that has been previously described. This ...
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